their letters to 300 words; otherwise they arc liable to he shortened or ()milt 4.d a It 0get her. Letters must hear a name and tuldress (not necessarily for publication) sr they will be ignored.—Editor.
`.11t, It is muisfactory that NI r. Burnand repadiales the idea of 11 holy war against Ethiopia. hut anyone who defends imperialist aggression on the score that it a ill ad% :ince the causes of Christianity and ea, ilisation seams not far removed team Mc holy warrior.
Some of us are indignantly amused at the facile assumption that the "high civilisation" ill N\11101 We I lye is something worth implanting upon simpler communities. Under this reign of progress the aim of the normal individuel is £ s .d.. and those who secure most of it appear to be newspaper proprietors and others who have found the secret of success by exploiting war, sex and commercialised sport.
Law and justice, though tar from synonymous, are often closely -associated, so Iliet the former may become a necessity in the search for equity; nevertheless, law is one of the most expensive commodities sold. Among certain savage tribes, an occasional human sacrifice to some imaginary god is, admittedly, a detestable proceeding, but such communities would need a heavy dose of western civilisation before they would tolerate a weekly sacrifice of 5,000 children and adults to the god of the petrol pot.
11 is impossible to detail in 300 words ;he many glories of a civilisation that has been so proficiently absorbed by the Japanese that an eastern addition has been made to the aorld's stock of destructive terrors. Mane a ao-called savage has probably a better appreciation of natural decency and justice than that common among the sophisticated masses of Europe.
As to slasery. there are many forms of it, and I see no **distortion of facts" in comparing the military with the domestic form. 1 he latter might reasonably be chosen by anyone having, the option. for there are many respectable masters under whom.alavery is of the paternal type, and it is improbable that slaughter will he included in domestic duties: also eacape is rather more feasible than from the military machine
JOIN NIBB August 2.
IMPERIALISM SIR.—Apparently C.W.L. is under the impression that British governments arc incapable of "brushing aside solemn obligations"; may I therefore mention that an authority on international politics has expressed the opinion that the 20th century epidemic of treaty breaking in Europe was ineugurated by the British and French foreign °filets when they disregarded the Act of Algeciras in connection with the Egypt-Morocco deal.
'that opinion seems reasonable, seeing that the Austrian seizure of Bosnia, the Italian descent upon Tripoli, and the German invasion of Belgium all followed at tailly short intervals, a treaty beingviolated in each instance. Of course, the present fascist case IS particularly bad, but it is well to realise that imperial governments normally vet similarly in similar circumstances; British imperialist ambitions have been realised, hence the tendency to pacihe policy.
Congratulations should be paid to the minister responsible for suggesting the cession of territory lo ease the ItalosAbyssinian dispute. for the principle involved accotds with Rerum Novitrum and also with the abolition of war.
I must dissent from Mr. Crespi's view —popular in this land—that British imperialism is morally superior to .other brands. The policy of Gladstone was net more British than that of Disraeli; Carnarvon was no less British than Granville, and surely Lytton in India and Shepstone, Bartle Frere and Rhodes in Africa. were not without a "predetermined policy." The fact is that there are always rival policies in officialdom, supported by different political cliques, and it is a question of circurnatances as to which policy is actually adopted. It is misleading to apply the terms "British," "French," etc., to the deeds of particular governments .with the insinuation that such deeds were national.
THE CATHEDRAL CRUCIFIX SIR,—First allow me to felicitate you of your mosts excellent journal, which I read of every occasion which presents itself. juice much to read that one may perhaps restaure your noble crucifix to your cathedrale, which is the glory. not only of England, but of the entire world. I was entered into it lately and looked for the crucifix and see it not! What loss to
all the faithful! And I read that one says; " It was a distraction." But me, I ask myself, " from whale, is it a distraction?"
If it is restored it is true it wi from your so aerrible rnosaique which swears at every marble in the +cathedral; but that will be a benefit, no? I write without grammair or dictionairy, so I pray you to excuse my faults.
J. X. MEGOINBOScH.
Ilona Wiart, Bruxelles, July 28.
Mr. E. Light. keeper of Sonning lock, has been awarded the Sir Reginald Han FINANCIAL ORTHODOXY
Sia,—Ono, charm, to me at anyrate, of the Catholic Herald is that it is ready to correct its mistakes; will you, I wonder. have already taken steps to correct you, first leader in your issue of July 27?
"Italy off Gold" said se: y little about Italy, which was, perhaps, n n the writer's fault: he had to write about it and, obviously, knew no more than anyone else at that time; but it did issue a stirring invitation to the economic controllers of all countries to "abandon orthodoxy"— voluntarily instead of waiting to be pushed from it by a crisis. If this is the opening note of your financial theme (which has so far been discreetly concealed iti the main harmonies), then I am indeed sorry.
I think your readers look to the llerald for a "lead," not a mere "push"; and surely a policy which amounts to little but an attack on "orthodoxy," without either distinguishing between what is good and had in it, or offering anything in its place, is unworthy of you. It does, also, subject you to the just criticism or your many readers who will mistrust the mere attacking of monetary systems, in terms which do not imply much understanding of them.
WORDS AND WANTS
SIR,—I feel I must make a request, though you will smile at my foolishness.
am uneducated, most people are too, I cannot make anything of papal encyclicals like Rerun, Novara'', because the language is all involved and full of Iona words. We arc blamed for not knowine about and insistmg on the proper kind of Cluistian State, but where can one get ail explanation of what it is all about written in plain English'?
All this talk about the new world and present-day problems is rendered unreal by the mass of vet-blew it is wrapped tn, the majority of Catholics are, like msself, humble, unlearned people ss ho want but little—the temporal security of a little home and peace to live and pray in.
ii the politicians cannot give us the., we are most likely to listen to some lyina prophet who promises it 10 us. 1 submit that most papers and speeches are for highbrows and that most tropic are the lowest of the lowbrows, and have no wish for long words or half-comprehended ideas; but few of us are honest enough to admit our ignorance.
EXILE. July 20.
[This letter was referred to in our Notes and Comments last week.—Eunual THE B.U.F. REBUKES US
SIR,—It is a little surprising to find a Catholic paper reporting without apparcet disapproval a conference against "war and Fasciam." A book, The Communist Xttack on Great Britain. by a Catholic, Miss Godden, was recently reviewed in your columns and from this book and many others it is deer that the antiwar and anti-fascist movement is part of the communist attack against c:vilisation. The presence of Mr. J. Strachey, an avowed communist and anti-Christian, is further proof of the character of this movement and its demonstration.
, 1 hope that in. the future the Catholic herald will be more s igilant in denouncing insidious attacks against Christianity and civilisation.
C. F. Weca Paossea. For the British Union of Fascists 1. Sanctuary Buildings, Great Smith Street, S.W.I.
[We recret that the B.U.F. thinks we have
been guihy of a dereliction of duty. We do not, hosever, think it necessary to conunent on every item of news we publish nor continually to remind our readers that we disapprove of "attacks against Christianity and civilisation."
" THE FIELD IS WON SIR,—Mr. O'Sullivan's criticism would be the more helpful with some substantiation! I suggest that the Anne of " The Field is Won " is in accord with Catholic tradition; and I believe that, but for her importunate clamour so sore exasperating the King," the tragedy might have been averted. My interpretation is certainly mild compared with the view of Nicholas Sanders!
LANCASHIRE PLAYS CRICKET
SIR, As a Yorkshireman, I relished every whim and fancy of "Lancastrian" in his recital of the Red Rose victory at the Oval. But I'm afraid he left himself open to be caught out by his misquotation of the last line of Francis Thompson's verse.
Spooner and Tyldesley in their day were possibly as great as Francis Thompson's heroes, but the immortality of the poet is not theirs, it belongs to
"0 'my Hornhy and my Barlow long ago."
WHIFF. ROSE. Leeds, August 3.
Columba, the monthly organ of. the Knights of St. Columba, contains an interesting contribution on Organisation in the August issue, in which the ital need is shown to be unity or purpose and act
An interesting book of instruction was issued by the N.T.A. for the Hexham and Newcastle Pilgrimage to Lourdes, which L.C.C. AND MARRIED WOMEN Sia,—Miss Christine Spender's criticism of your remarks about " the L.C.C. and married women " falls into the very selfsame error of which she so glibly accuses you. From beginning to end, her letter is a provocative, one-sided and selfish plea for rights, adult rights, and the rights of two particular classes of adults at that, married women doctors and teachers. She eliminates every single consideration of the rights of the child—born or unborn. Indeed, not even faintly does she imply the existence of such rights.
As to work being of value to the community. Of course it is! All work is of
value to the community. The charwoman's no less than the woman doctor's, the laundrywoman's no less than the
woman teacher's. Indeed, without the self-sacrificing aid of these humble but efficient women it would be a very tired, fretful and inefficient doctor or teacher (female) that would arrive at the surgery or the school respectively, to face the day's work.
Fortunately for all of us, the char. and the laundrywoman have no high-falutin' notions as to the value of their work. Thirty bob a week, less insurance, is what they rate it at, and (but at a higher rate of pay) this same applies to women doctors and teachers. No more, no less!
THE THREE FRONTS
SIR.—I used the term "social crediter" as a convenient phrase to cover those Catholics who regard financial reform as the most urgent need of the time, and who seem at present to have given their allegiance to the Douglas scheme. I am glad to see that they have quietly dropped the Leisure State overboard, and hope soon to hear the faint splash as that other integral part of the Douglas scheme, the national dividend, follows it.
The economic effects of the latter are so uncertain that it constitutes a stumbling block to a Catholic social united front. Financial reform, on the other hand, has no essential connection with the national dividend, and I hope this party will soon give their undivided attention to this last point alone.
W. P. WITC'UTt. St. Anne's, Birmingham.
Russia ROLLAND LIONISED
" Greatest Living Writer's " Visit to Moscow
Romain Rolland has completed his visit to Moscow and left for France, writes our Russian correspondent. He stayed with Gorki, but ill-health prevented him from seeing much outside his host's country-house. Incidentally these life-long friends are unable to converse without the help of an interpreter.
Much fuss was made of this visit of the "greatest living writer" (G.B.S.). Deputations streamed in the house in which he was staying to express admiration and esteem. Pioneers assured the eminent visitor that they were being brought up upon his books.
But whilst H. G. Wells's sound sense made him scent a rat when the children of the soviet school he visited cried out in chorus that Wells was their favourite author, Rolland was obviously delighted.
Isvestia, which is publishing a series of extracts from Rolland's old diaries, ends an article upon his departure in this strain: "Romain Rolland, our great and wise guest, is returning to the battlefield . . . he was seen off by a country which is the sole guardian of the world culture . . . . which is resurrecting Shakespeare and Schiller on its stage . • . and is building the great unique culture of the future —the culture of the Proletariat."
Palestine JAPANESE GOODS Sucking Life-Blood Out of Many Industries
The annual report of the Chamber of Commerce has many interesting items.
Japanese competition is sucking the very life-blood out of many Palestinian industries, and since Japan has left the League of Nations the Government was asked to protect Palestine by prohibitive tariffs. The . necessity for the promulgation of a w.ights and measures ordinance to control trade dealings was stressed as antiquated methods were still in use.
For the country's development the need of more trunk and feeder roads is urgent. The necessity for establishing early closing hours for shops was discussed.
The past year was the third of accelerated development. Bank deposits on March 31 were 15.000.000 in spite•of unparalled investments in industry, citrus and . building. Travellers and tourists totalled 100.00Q.. Imports for home consumption increased by 26 per cent.. exports by 27 per cent.. currency in citculation by 31 per cent. over previous years.
The effect of these conditions and of Jewish immigration was reflected in the government's finances by an increase of