Page 7, 10th August 1962

10th August 1962
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Page 7, 10th August 1962 — Where the Negro ghettos
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Where the Negro ghettos

cry for vengeance Boston, San Francisco, and also such border South cities as Washington. Baltimore and St. Louis.

When Negroes try to move into unsegregated areas they run into massive and nauseating reactions from supposedly educated white people and not infrequently arson and bomb throwing • of a kind which the Northerners usually tell you, with a superior note in their voices, characterise the South.

The fact is that the Northern Negro is living in misery comparable to that of his counterpart in the sugar cane country of southern Louisiana. The wealth of the Catholic community is in the North, Without the help of Northern Catholics, says Mr. Ahmann, there is no hope for the Negro. Today. Catholic Inter-racial Councils are becoming more effective, and Cardinal Spellman, Cardinal Meyer and Bishop Wright are deliberately planning to give all their priests experience in heavily Negro parishes in New York, Detroit and Pittsburgh. But the response is still too slow.

Most cities have a Catholic school which tries to dodge accepting Negro pupils. Catholics do not stand out from the general run of employers 98 per cent of whom, in one city, were found, a few years ago, to refuse flatly to employ Negro labour. A plan

to harness the economic power of the Catholic community to tackling this problem has now been launched by the National Catholic Welfare Conference.

Some parishes are now bringing the impact of the Church's social welfare services to bear on local levels (as opposed to city centres). and Mr. Ahmann suggests that Catholics and Protestants could work together in this field.

Keeping Negroes out of decent housing is as rampant in heavily Catholic areas as elsewhere. To combat this, Mr. Ahmann calls on parish priests to preach many more, and much bolder, sermons on inter-racial justice. The Catholic effort is improving. but needs to be greatly speeded

UGANDA

rN Uganda, where the recent national elections were coloured by religious antagonisms, the new Protestant Premier, Mr. Milton Obote, has reassured Catholic and Protestant alike that their religious freedom will be respected by his government. He was speaking at a recent reception in his honour given by the Anglican Archbishop of Uganda, Dr. Leslie Brown. The Catholic Archbishop of Rubaga. Mgr. Joseph Kiwanuka, was represented at the reception by Mgr. Joseph Sehayigga. 'I'he Premier told his guests: "Under the new constitution it is not possible for the government to recognise only one Church as the official Church of Uganda. 1 wish. however, to assure you that the government intends to respect the right of the individual to freedom of worship, and that that right will be safeguarded by the government. Mr. Obote also assured the Churches of the Uganda government's full support of their work in caring for the spiritual needs of this nation's people.

CASTELGANDOLFO

ASHINTO priest, Shlzuka Matsubara, was received in private audience last week by Pope John XXIII, and conveyed to the Holy Father the good wishes of all Shinto priests in Japan. Shinto is one of Japan's traditional religions, is divided into 220 sects, and was at one time identified with emperor worship.

The Pope's visitor is chief priest of the Shinto temple of Kenkun near Kyoto. He presented Pope John with a set of robes worn by Shinto priests and similar to those he wore at the audience himself. They included a scarlet cape, white gown and underskirt of purple, black sandals and a ceremonial black hat.

GREATER MALAYSIA

CHRISTIANS and other non Moslems are waiting to see what treatment is to be given to the various religious groupings in the proposed Federation of Greater Malaysia (Malaya, Singapore. Sarawak. Brunei, and British North Borneo). The recommendations of the Cobbold Commission on the Federation are shortly to be published.

Moslems constitute 40 per cent of the total population of nearly 10.000.000 in the five territories. In none of them is there a clear Moslem majority. Yet Britain allowed Malaya, which became independent in 1957, to make Mohammedanism the State religion.

Catholic schools receive a 50 per cent building grant oncondition that they accept Muslim pupils and allow the teaching of the Koran during class hours. The government assigns teachers for this instruction. But it is forbidden to teach Christian doctrine during class hours. In 1961, the Malaya government revoked permission for the Sunday broadcasts made in turn by Christian bodies.

AZANGARO

OVER 200 volunteer Indian

catechists from remote Andean mountain villages-many of them poor Quechua farmers walking 40 miles or more have gathered in Azangaro. Peru, for a three-day retreat. reports Fr. Richard Frank of Sioux City. Iowa.

He is one of four Maryknoll priests working in a difficult area of Peru for 40,000 people. The catechetical system, based on the use of native teachers, was started by Jesuit missionaries in the 16th century and collapsed when the Jesuits were expelled in 1769. It was revived by Maryknollers eight years ago, and they have so far trained 3,000 catechists.

Catechists teach religious doctrine and basic literacy to the small villages in the Andes Mountains, and prepare the villagers for first communion, confirmation, and marriage. It is in Bolivia and southern Peru that the Maryknoll network of radio schools brings doctrine and literacy to thousands of Indians who have been neglected for centuries.

JAMAICA

HE newly independent island of Jamaica is cared for mainly by American Jesuits. There are 117,235 Catholics, out of a population of 1,638,000, under Bishop John McEleney, S.J., of Kingston.

Ile governs 129 churches in 10 parishes, with 9 diocesan and 84 regular priests, 96 nuns in five convents and a total of 212 male religious in 25 houses.

Catholic schools number 62 and cater for 16,102 pupils, while 833 people are cared for in Catholic charitable institutions.

On Tuesday, Independence Day, the Conventual Mass in Westminster Cathedral was offered for Jamaica's future. About 150,000 Jamaicans have emigrated to Britain in the past decade.




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