A protest to the Prime Minister from the Northern, Presbytery of the FltCe Presbytery Church of Scotland against the appointment of a Papal Delegate to Great Britain has elicited the following reply from Lord Halifax, Foreign Minister : " As you point out, the appointment of an Apostolic delegate is a purely ecclesiastical matter with which His Majesty's Government have no direct concern, and, in fact, the Apostolic delegate in this country will be an ecclesiastical official who will enjoy no diplomatic status of any kind. His right of access to the Foreign Office will be neither greater nor less than but the same as that of any other private person in this country."
The Northern Presbytery commented on this reply Sc; follows:
" We are grateful for this reply to our resolution which appears to give a satisfactory explanation of the status of the Apostolic delegate. In these circumstances we expect His Majesty's Government to see to it that any endeavour to foist a Papal Nuncio on this country will be resisted. Let us bear in mind that our legislators will be brought to account sooner or later if they tamper with the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement."
POLISH CATHOLICS REBUKED " Excessively Passive Attitude"
—SAYS PRESS CHIEF From Our Oion Correspondent
The accession of Pope Pius XII has been greeted with expressions of gratitude and satisfaction in Poland. In addition to the homage paid by Cardinal Hlond, special messages of congratulation were sent to the new Pope by the President of the Polish Republic, by Marshal Smigy-Rydz, and by Colonel Beck.
Father TyginunI Kaezynski, the Director of the Catholic Press Agency ill Poland, look advantage of the ()evasion to deliver an important address in Katowice outlining the position of the Church in Poland.
Father Kaczynski, admitting the strength of religious feeling in Poland, said he thought that in the last twenty years the Church had
adopted an excessively passive attitude in the country. Considerable opposition had been put forward by Fascist and Communist elements in Poland, and the granting of extensive rights to the Greek Orthodox Church among the population living on the eastern borders had made these districts centres of Ruthenian Nationalism and opposition to the Catholic Church.
Moreover, the difficulties of Poland's position as a nation had led men to attach exaggerated importance to political issues. Thus, at one time, when Jedrzejowiczowski had been Minister for Education, fifty-two professors, none of them Jews or Freemasons, but all of them Catholics, had been dismissed from the universities, and many school teachers and Government officials had lost their position for similar reasons or lack of reasons.
A number of Jewish and radical papers had also served to undermine the strength of family life. They had declared the increase in the birth rate to be excessive, and had ascribed this to the Influence o f the Church. Their views had been widespread, and as a result the punishments for abortion had been made less severe, and in some cases abortion had been permitted.
" POPE'S SUPPLE WILL " Cardinal Villeneuve on Pius XII
"The diplomat has 'succeeded the librarian. The will of the first was inflexible, that of the second will be supple."
So has Cardinal Vilieneuve, Archbishop of Quebec, described Pius XI and XII in the course of a long comment on the Papal election.
The Cardinal declared himself " profoundly happy" at the result of the election. " The brevity of the Conclave," he said, " manifests the unity among the the Princes of the Church. . .
" That the first message of Pius XII is a message of peace to the world must make a profound effect, and will undoubtedly weigh upon future events. That our new Pope takes the name of Pius, shows that he wishes to continue the policy of his predecessor."
The Cardinal enumerated all the attainments of Pius XII, his experience, knowledge, travel, piety. " Truly a great Poe. God has blessed His Church."
Courteous Treatment of New Pope by German Radio
German Press comment on the election of Cardinal Pacelli has on the whole been correct and courteous. Several influential Nazi newspapers have welcomed the election of one who has such an intimate knowledge of Germany and her problems.
When the election of the new Pope was announced over the radio, the German programme included the record of an address to the Catholic Youth of Germany which Cardinal Pacelli had delivered some weeks before lie left Germany.
" You are going to listen to the voice of our new Pope speaking German," said the announcer. It was a wonderful experience for all listeners. That message to the German Youth could be sent to-day. exactly as it is and as it was delivered ten years ago.