HOW ENGLAND IS GOVERNED The World Knows It, But Not England
Hilaire Belloc has for years asserted that England is not a democracy, but an aristocratic plutocracy, i.e., a country governed by a group or groups of socially interconnected and often inter-related noblemen and upper gentry, whose numbers are steadily recruited from the most successful financial and commercial magnates.
The Journal de Geneve has just drawn attention to the strength today of this aristo-plutocratic connection "which is well realised by observers, but not by the British public, which is certainly the most docile in the world.
" Queer Theory " " The death a few months ago of two peers, the Duke of Devonshire and Lord Harlech," writes the Journal de Geneve, " as well as that of Lord Stanley, brings to light a queer enough theory in a democracy. Devonshire, ex-Colonial Secretary, was the father of Lord Harlington,
then Dominions Under-Secretary. The son of Lord Harlech was Mr. OrmsbyGore, then Colonial Secretary. Mr. Ormsby-Gore is the brother-in-law of Lord Cranborne. Lord Cranborne is the son of Lord Salisbury, ex-Foreign Under-Secretary. Lord Stanley, who became Dominions Secretary, was the brother of Mr. Oliver Stanley, president of the Board of Trade, and their father is Lord Derby, ex-War Minister. Mr. Stanley is the son-in-law of Lord Londonderry, ex-Air Minister,"
Politics, Finance and Commerce
Commenting on the connection of other Ministers, the paper goes on : " Sir Samuel Hoare is the son-in-law of Lord Beauchamp, and Mr. Duff Cooper, of the Duke of Rutland. Sir Thomas Inskip's wife is
the daughter of Lord Glasgow. Lord Halifax married Lord Onslow's daughter and his M.P. son is the husband of Lord Derby's grand-daughter. Mr. Channon, Lord Halifax's secretary, is married to a daughter of Lord Iveagh, another of whc daughters is engaged to Mr. Lennox-Boyd, an Under-Secretary. Lord Feversham, a Parliamentary Secretary, is son-in-law of Lord Halifax."
After enumerating many other examples, the paper sums up : " Among Ministers and Governmental posts there are two dukes, two marquesses, nine earls, nine viscounts, twenty barons and more than a hundred baronets. These titled people are nearly all somehow inter-related and related to the great commoners of politics, finance and commerce."