" Vienna Award " Sets Neighbours Thinking
What is the result of the " Vienna Award " in which Italy and Germany issued judgment on Hungarian claims to parts of Czechoslovakia?
Hungary has got a large slice of Ruthenia (now an autonomous member of the Czechoslovakian Republic) but not so much that she has a common frontier with Poland. Italy wanted this common frontier, it is stated, while Germany did not. Its achievement would have blocked Germany's corridor through Czechoslovakia to Rumania.
Below, our Foreign Correspondents report reactions to the " Award " in the chief countries concerned.
From Our Own Correspondent.
The award of Vienna in favour of Hungary's revisionist claims has been greeted with unreserved satisfaction in Vatican circles.
Count Ciano, Italian Foreign Minister, has certainly, even it unintentionally, done well for the Catholic cause in Central Europe for after the eclipse of Austria the Imredy regime in Hungary is the last hope of any real Catholic influence in the new Mittekuropa under Nazi domination. M. Imredy, as is known, is a staunch Catholic.
The Imredy-leleki (Teleki is the Minister of Education and the other " strong man " in the Government) regime stood or fell on obtaining treaty revision.
If Imredy had failed to obtain it, the Hungarian Nazis, backed from Berlin, would have most certainly been swept into power on the wave of popular indignation and the result for the Church in Hungary would have been disastrous.
Because Hitler Failed Now lmredy's position is immensely strengthened, not only by the award of Vienna, but also by the fact that Hitler failed to champion Hungarian revisionist claims and suddenly became the belated champion of the Czechs.
This was a clever move on Hitler's part and but for Italy would certainly have brought about the downfall of linredy.
The very raison d'être of the present Hungarian Government is its determination to resist German encroachment and preserve the true independence of Hungary, and it is the best Government that Hungary has enjoyed for a very long time.
Support for the Imredy regime is a plank in both Vatican and Italian foreign policy, but for completely, different reasons.
WHAT THE VATICAN NEWSPAPER SAYS
" The Arbitration of Vienna," writes the Diplomatic Correspondent of the Vatican semi-official newspaper, Osservatore Romano, " has been welcomed, particularly in Budapest, where gratitude has been expressed to Italy for her support, given for many years, to the minority claims of Hungary.
" Besides, the Arbitration is an important landmark in the development of the policies of the Danubian countries, especially from the point of view of the possibility of the peaceful revision of treaties."
RUSSIA WILL BLAME THE CHURCH
From Our Russian Correspondent
The wishes of the Ruthenians were never consulted at the " Vienna Award." As could have been expected the problem has been solved by compromise : Ruthenia has been split, her two principal towns, Uzhgorod and Mukachevo being given to Hungary.
Thus again a considerable number of Carpatho-Russians are to live under Hungarian domination, which in the past proved harsh. As usual the Catholic Church, as such, will be blamed for the blunders of what many consider exaggerated nationalism.
These blunders committed in the past
(Continued at foot of next column) A RARE PICTURE OF THE splendour of St. Peter's, Rome, was obtained this week when Cardinal Mundelein, Archbishop of Chicago, who is visiting Rome on a special mission, was accorded the rare honour of assisting the Pope at Mass. Photographs of this kind are not often obtained and the importance attached to the Cardinal's visit is thought to be the reason for such publicity in this instance.