Two American aviators landed on Thursday at 3.30 p.m. at Llandilo, Carmarthenshire, after a record non-stop flight from New York. They were Harry Richman, a night club owner, and Dick Merrill, a pilot, and they reached Wales eighteen hours after leaving New York. The Atlantic Ocean was crossed in eleven hours. Their objective was Croydon, but they were forced down in Wales owing to lack of„petrol.
They Alp sslue to return straight to New York as eoon as weather conditions are judged sufficiently favourable.
Mrs. Beryl Markham, who left for New York in a solo plane, was the first woman ever to cross the Atlantic from east to west. Mrs. Markham crashed at Sydney, Nova Scotia, and crossed the Atlantic in 16 hores.
Her flight was greatly hampered by bad weather conditions and finally by engine trouble, but she was not injured in the crash.
Minister's Pledge to Zionist Leader
In a letter addressed to Dr. Chaim Weizrnann, the well-known Zionist leader, Mr. Ormsby-Gore, the Secretary for the Colonies, stated definitely that no promises had been made either by the British Government or the High Commissioner in Palestine to Nun i Pasha, the Iraq Foreign Minister, concerning the suspension of immigration or other measures to be taken after the cessation of disturbances. He stated also that no such promises had been asked for.
Army Manoeuvres Cancelled
The Sussex manoeuvres of the 1st Division have been cancelled and the men ordered back to Aldershot. It is understood that this is in the light of the grave view taken by the Government of the situation in Palestine and of the certainty of considerable reinforcements being sent there, particularly if martial law is proclaimed.
Trades Union Congress
Trades Union Congress opened at Plymouth and the Mayor of Plymouth, himself a Labour man, welcomed the participants. The President, Mr. Allan Findlay, in his opening speech referred at length to foreign policy and to the Spanish civil war in particular. He also declared that Russia's territorial integrity had the same rights as that of other countries and that a genuine system of collective security embraced all Europe, while expressing dismay and regret at recent events in Russia. He emphasised the great menace of Fascism to democracy, Trade Unionism and the working classes all over the world.
The Spanish situation is to be discussed later when a report has been received from Dr. Dalton, Mr. Hicks and Mr. GiHies, who are at present in Paris conferring with regard to the observance of non-intervention. Any deviation from this last policy is considered unlikely. Further Communist manoeuvres for a United Front are expected as a try-out for the Labour Party manoeuvres and Sir Walter Citrine is once again expected to play a leading part in defeating such manoeuvres.
New Anglo-Turkish Trade Agreement
A new trade agreement between Great 13ritain and Turkey has been signed at the Foreign Office and will replace that signed
last year at Angora. The text of the agreement will be published in a fortnight's time. Lord Cranborne signed the agreement on behalf of the British Government and M. F. Kuitoglu, Under-Secretary of State in the Ministry of National Economy, on behalf of the Turkish Government. It is thought that the new agreement will be of real benefit to British trade with Turkey.
H.M. King Edward has, after visiting Greece and the Greek islands, paid a brief visit to Turkey in the Nahlin." He did a heavy round of sightseeing at Istanbul, where he visited, amongst other monuments, Si. Sophia. A regatta was given in his honour in the Bay of Moda and he was entertained by the President, Kemal Ata
lurk. He subsequently left in the President's own train for Vienna, whence it is thought that he may return to London by
air. He was received at the Bulgarian frontier by Prince Cyril of Bulgaria.
Welsh Strike Temporarily Averted
The South Wales Miners' Federation have withdrawn the strike notices in connection with the Bedwas dispute following action by Capt. Crookshank, Minister of Mines. The chairman of the Bedwas cornpany is to meet the Federation representatives and the stay-in strikers have emerged. The dispute may involve 120,000 men if not settled. A stay-in strike is still in progress at Fernhill Colliery, Treherbert.
Famous Surgeon Dead
Lord Moynihan died at Leeds within a week of Lady Moynihan. He was President of the College of Surgeons from 1926 to 1932 and created much criticism by his advocacy of euthanasia. Born in Malta in 1866, he was without doubt the most prominent surgeon of his day and was in addition a brilliant orator.
Land Taxation Conference in London
The fifth international conference in favour of the taxation of land values opened in London and was presided over by Mr. O'Connor Hennessy, the former New Jersey Senator. Two hundred and forty delegates came from twenty-seven countries. Among the speakers were Col. I. Wedgwood, M.P. and the Mayor of Pittsburg.
Amazing Traffic Statistics
The figures published by the Ministry of Transport reveal that pedal cyclists have actually doubled their numbers since 1931. In certain areas the increase is even heavier and in Monmouth reaches 163%. Traffic increases of approximately 100% are shown in certain London suburban areas, while the average increase for passenger vehicles in gene,ral attains 33%.
Norway and Trotsky
In a memorandum handed to the Soviet Ambassador in Oslo, the Norwegian Government stated that it was unable to comply with the Soviet Government's request for Trotsky's expulsion and regretted the unfriendly form of the request. The memorandum stated that everything possible had been done to restrain his political activities and that he was now living in a remote spot under strict police surveillance, the Norwegian Government never having failed to do its duty as regards those enjoying the right of asylum within the boundaries of Norway.
Radio Priest Censured
The official organ of the Vatican, the " Osservatore Romano," published a recent note censuring Father Coughlin, the famous radio priest-politician of Detroit, U.S.A. The paper denied that the Vatican approved of his activities and declared that his attacks upon President Roosevelt had frequently offended against elementary proprieties, the offence being graver in view
of the fact that he was a priest. The text of the denial was given in the Catholic Herald last week.
Czech Imports Licences
The Czechoslovak Government has decided to introduce a system of licences for the importation of raw materials from abroad. This step is understood to be due to the shrinking reserves of foreign currency and to the recent large increase in the imports of raw materials. The measure, although an application of planned economics to the Czech trading system, has been sharply criticised by the Opposition.
Nazi Leader Claims German Colonial Rights
General Ritter von Epp, Governor of Bavaria and head of the German Colonial Office, declares in the "European Review" that Germany demands the restoration of all her former colonies and will accept no substitute in the form of access to raw materials. This demand, he claims, is founded upon the fifth of President Wilson's fourteen points, which deals with arbitration in colonial questions and which Germans consider to have been violated by the Treaty of Versailles.
International Peace Congress
Lord Cecil and M. Cot presided over the International Peace Congress held at Brussels from 3 to 6 September. Some four thousand delegates from 27 countries included Miss Eleanor Rathbone, M.P., Professor Noel-Baker, M.P., Mr. Geoffrey Mender, M.P., Lord Lytton, Lord Dickinson, Mr. George Lansbury, M.P., Mrs.
Corbett-Ashby and many others. Messages of goodwill were received from the Archbishop of York and Madame Selma Lagerlof.
France Honours Polish General
General Rydz-Smigly, Chief of Staff of the Polish Army, returned to Warsaw after a triumphal visit to France. He was entertained by the President, M. Leon Blum, and M. Delbos, the Foreign Minister. He was given the Legion of Honour and all Polish circles are delighted with his reception in France. Concrete results as well as renewed goodwill are expected as the outcome of this visit and France is to supply arms for the forthcoming Polish re-armament. Commercial questions are to be dealt with during the visit shortly to be paid to Warsaw of M. Basticl, the French Minister of Commerce.
After his visit to France, General RydzSmigly proceeded to Venice, where he conferred with Italian Government representatives.
Severe rioting on the scale of a minor war broke out at Bala last week and numerous Arabs as well as British soldiers were killed and wounded, although many of the Arabs came from Syria or Transjordania. Acts of violence against British officials and Jews continue and the news of the coming increase in the British troops in Palestine and the possibility of martial law are viewed by the Arabs with the utmost distaste.
In view of the increased gravity of the situation it is announced that immediate and effective steps are to be taken to put an end to Arab terrorism. A full division is to be sent out from England at once and supreme military control of Palestine is to be vested in Lieutenant-General Dill.
Spanish Civil War
Surprisingly small progress continues to be made by either side, although the insurgent forces have captured Inin and Fuenterrabia after fierce fighting. An attack is expected shortly upon San Sebastian, which is unlikely to be able to hold out long. Round Madrid the situation is stationary, but the Government claim hitherto unconfirmed minor successes at Talavera and in Aragon. Malaga is still in the hands of Government troops, although the insurgents control nearly the whole of the remainder of Andalusia. Madrid continues to be bombed sporadically and reports of savage atrocities con tinue unabated on both sides. Serious alarm is felt in diplomatic circles at the rumours of an impending gas attack by the insurgents upon Madrid. Meanwhile Senor Giral, the premier, has resigned, and an all-Left coalition of Socialists, Communists and Republicans, headed by Senor Largo Caballero, has taken power. Although the Anarchists still refuse office, it is thought that the new Government will have more control and extremist excesses appear to have abated somewhat, at least temporarily, in Madrid. In general the arms embargo by foreign powers appears to be faithfully carried out, although reports of violation by France, Germany and Italy continue to appear.
The French Government has sanctioned a programme of re-armament and improvement, to cost £55,000,000 in 1937, as a counter-gesture to Herr Hitler's recent decree in Germany. More rapid motorisation, extension and improvement of the Maginot line of fortifications and more aeroplanes are to be the main objects of the scheme.