From Our Own Correspondent BELansr.
For defying a 13-year-old order excluding him from visiting or residing in Northern Ireland, Mr. Eamonn Donnelly, ex-M.P. for Armagh, ex-director of elections for the Fianna Fail party in Eire, and at present a Government candidate for the Eire Senate, is at present undergoing one month's imprisonment (the alternative to a fine of £25) in Belfast gaol.
Mr. Donnelly, a white-haired and elderly man with a long record of patriotic service to his country, was arrested while on a visit to his family at Tullyard House, Armagh.
In the packed Belfast Court he challenged the legality of the deportation order made against him, declaring that the punishment was being inflicted on him without any opportunity to defend himself.
" An Englishman's Home . . ."
" I protest against this detention
vehemently," said Mr. Donnelly. " If the Crown produces one tittle of evidence that I did anything illegal or committed a crime, I am prepared to take the punishment . . . " There is an old English proverb that the Englishman's home is his castle; but I am not allowed to live in mine. It is that before the Committee recommended the resumption of State-aided emigration from Scotland, it should postulate the need for the solution of the problems of this nation as a unit of Empire, and especially for the resettlement of the depopulated areas of the Highlands.
It was an alarming thing to learn that between 1900 and 1930 more than 700,000 men and women had emigrated from Scotland, and that between 1861 and 1931 we lost over 1,428,000 of the inhabitants through emigration. Yet there are still over a quarter of a million unemployed in Scotland and nearly as many in receipt of poor relief. We are still sending the cream of our manhood overseas, yet at the same time we permit the settlement in Scotland of Poles, Letts and Irish.
As Sir Alexander MacEwen pointed out in a letter to The Scotsman, "If you wish Scotland to continue to support her quota to the Empire you must maintain the breeding stock." Among other points he reminded us that, if the Government is unable to do something to revive the Scottish fishing industry and the crofting population, the nation will be unable to make any substantial contribution to the Royal Navy as has always been the case until recent years.
not British law or British Constitution. Northern Ireland professes a close affinity to Britoil', vhere one of the most sacred things is the liberty of the subject. I have no liberty when I come to my native place."
Commenting on the Donnelly case, under the heading " Liberty in Ulster," the Manchester Guardian refers to Northern Ireland as being still in the Dark Ages. " Its Civil Authorities (Special Powers) Acts were in flagrant denial of all the canons of British justice. Though the occasion for them has long passed away, the regulations and orders which made Northern Ireland into a 'police State ' still continues in all their glory." The case is reviewed at length and the article concludes with: " How, in the face of such things, can we regard the Government of Northern Ireland which practises these miserable, small-minded tyrannies as a loyal and worthy partner in the Empire?"
Liberty of the Subject
A young Belfast tutor, Seamus Woods, was fined £5 or a month's imprisonment as the result of a police raid on his residence and the finding of a book, entitled The Irish Republican Congress.
Mr. Woods stated in evidence that he was not a member of any political organisation. He did not remember getting the book, and he did not even remember reading it. " Is it illegal in the first place?" asked Mr. Woods.
Charged with collecting funds for the Fianna na h-Eireann (Republican Boy Scouts), an organisation banned in the North, a Belfast boy of 17 was sentenced to six months' imprisonment with hard labour. Another youth similarly charged got three months with hard labour.
The internment camps for political opponents of the Totalitarian States have nothing on this. In the North there is always the little extra of an Exclusion Order that can be served on prisoners prior to their release.
That it was a biased prosecution and that the police discriminated against Nationalists, was the allegation made by Counsel defending eighteen Maghera Catholics charged with riot on the eve of the Twelfth.
The counsel for the accused, Mr. J. McSparran, elicited the truth that Nationalists had been subjected to great provocation from the Orange mob and " B " Specials for days prior to the actual trouble, which finally arose over the erection of an Orange arch in a Catholic district.
Ten of the accused were sentenced to six months' hard labour. Notice of appeal was lodged on behalf of these men.
The picture of a, C.E.G. meeting in Liverpool on Page 11 of the CATHOLIC HERALD last week was from a block lent by the Catholic News Pictorial.