From Fr. Gabriel Slate,, A.A.
ROME, Tuesday BARELY 24 hours after his arrival here in Rome, Cardinal Godfrey, Archbishop of Westminster, to-day granted a special interview to the CATHOLIC HERALD. in spite of a heavy schedule, His Eminence found time to speak on
his hopes and feelings concerning the Second Vatican Council.
"First of all," he said, "1 Flir777' would like to stress that the . bishops of England and Wales are absolutely at one with the Holy Father; they have no differences. They adhere wholeheartedly to the aims of the second Vatican Council as expressed by the Pope himself."
THE MAIN FRUITS
Asked what he considers to be the main fruits that he hoped for from the Council, his Eminence replied: "Concerning England, a question of special interest is the ultimate unity of Christendom. I do not believe that, short of a miracle of grace, we could hope for any startling turn of events, regarding Christian Unity in our country.
"Mutual friendship is an important step. With God's help it will take us further along towards the goal we hope for in keeping with Our Blessed Lord's words: 'There will be one fold. and one shepherd'. From the outset of the preparation of the Council, I had uttered warnings that it would be fatal to raise hopes which are unlikely to be fulfilled. "Recent speakers and writers are asking fur a re-statement of our doctrine. If there be any re-statement, it can only be in the nature of a clarification where faith and morals are concerned. Any such clarification would necessarily be the truth undiminished. What we must all pray for is the elimination of all bitterness from speakers and writers of any belief that would hinder and not promote the desired friendship," Asked what he considered the principal points in the Council agenda from the point of view of the Church as a whole, His Eminence replied: "It seems to me that a question of prime importance is the reiteration of what precisely Catholics believe, what we are bound to believe, what in particular is meant by Papal Infallibility. I say this because in my long experience I have often noticed ignorance of the definition of Papal Infallibility. For example, if a person mentions Papal Infallibility, he may explain that whenever the Pope speaks on questions of faith or morals, he cannot err. This explanation leaves out an important element. The complete definition is to be found in the Catechism: 'The Pope is infallible when, as shepherd and teacher of the whole Flock, he defines a question of faith or morals to be held by the whole Church'.
DEFINING A DOCTRINE
"That is different from saying that the Pope is infallible whenever he speaks on faith or morals. When he defines doctrine, there is a technical distinction which many not of our Faith do not understand. "Likewise, I am sure that everyone hopes that errors concerning other doctrines may be removed. "When the Council decrees are published, our beliefs will be evident to those with an open and unprejudiced mind. I am not saying that non-Catholics will agree with the Council's findings, but that there will be no excuse for misinterpretation of what a Catholic is bound to believe."
ADVICE TO WRITERS
IN A SPECIAL MESSAGE TO THE CATHOLIC HERALD, CARDINAL GODFREY ADDED: "I wish success to the CATHOLIC HERALD in its efforts to report the work of the Council. "I would like to give a word of advice to all Catholic writers: to abstain from publishing as facts matters that are the result of mere guesses. This concerns any differences that have emerged in the Council discussions, particularly in the Central Preparatory Commission, which I have attended in recent months. It can be said that much of what has been written is no more than conjecture. However, I am sure that all our Catholic writers will exercise prudence where such an important event is concerned. I pray that God may always keep them close to the truth, guiding them in wisdom and prudence."
* * ATMOSPHERE OF GOODWILL
DEFORE leaving London on Ai Tuesday to attend the Second Vatican Council, Archbishop Heenan of Liverpool spoke of hopes for Christian Unity. He said "What enthralls me most is the difference in the atmosphere that surrounds my departure today and that which would have surrounded the departure of my predecessor in the last century. I am leaving today in an atmosphere of complete goodwill. Christians are coming closer together and it is due mainly to the wonderful endeavours of the Pope and the Archbishop of Canterbury".
TOO MUCH CRITICISM
ON the eve of his departure to Rome for the Vatican Council, Cardinal Alfrink replied to recent criticisms which accused the Roman Curia of using a domineer. ing attitude towards the bishops and hindering contacts between them and the Pope. "Such generalising is not correct, not fair, not just, ' said the Cardinal. "Individual persons in the Curia might have their faults and deficiencies, he added, but it was wrong to accuse the Curia as a whole. PROTECTION FOR CARDINAL AROUND-THE-CLOCK guard was given to Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York, following last weekend's 1 a.m. bomb explosion outside his residence near St. Patrick's Cathedral. The explosion, which blew out three windows and woke the Cardinal who was sleeping in another part of the building. injured no one. Police said that they had no theories as to the motive for the bombe fused one—or who might have left it.
SCHOOLCHILDREN in Bavaria were given the morning off yesterday so that they could follow the opening of the Council on radio and television. Catholic schools and all other schools containing more than one-third Catholic pupils were shut.
PRESIDENT KENNEDY told Pope John in a letter published at the weekend that he hopes the Vatican Council "will significantly advance the cause of international peace and understanding. "We hope that the Council will be able to present in clear and persuasive language, effective solutions to the many problems confronting us," said the President. "On the eve of the Council, we earnestly hope and pray that God will continue to bless you with vigorous health and give you great joy and satisfaction of seeing the Council fulfil all your fondest hopes and dreams for a worldwide renewal of fellowship and love and for the establishment of a just and lasting peace," Mr. Kennedy said.
OFFICIALS of the Second Vatican Council, including canonists, theologians and specialists in other fields, made the profession of Faith required by Council rules in the Pauline Chapel of the Vatican Palace on Monday. Also included were the so-called procurators, proxies delegated to attend the Council by bishops who themselves are unable to come. The proxies have no vote.
AVATICAN mission led by Archbishop Lardone has flown to Turkey to inspect places in that country where earlier ecumenical councils have taken place. Ceremonies at Ephesus on Sunday were followed yesterday, the day of the Council opening, by a ceremony at Istanbul (Constantinople) scene of,four earlier Councils.
POPE JOHN last Thursday gave all priests throughout the world special permission to offer Masses from midnight on during the morning of October 11, to coincide with the opening of the Council.
PAPAL SECRETARY OF STATE, Cardinal Cicognani, presiding at a ceremony to open the Council's Press Office in Rome last Friday, said that the Church .relies strongly on the Press to interpret the proceedings of the Council to the public. An estimated 100 members of the international Press Corps were present for the blessing of the offices. They heard the Cardinal comment: "You will serve the truth through the accuracy of your reports. You will also certainly handle with great respect the information which touches so closely the life of the Church itself, remembering that souls will be either opened or closed to the good news of the gospel by reading your news".
CZECHOSLOVAK officials agreed to give passports to a 13-member delegation attending the Vatican Council, said a weekend report from Prague. As we went to Press no confirmation had been received that in fact any Czech representatives had arrived in Rome.
From K Germany
Archbishop Bengsch of BerlinBrandenburg, Bishop Spulbeck, of Meissen, and two other East German Bishops have been allowed to attend the Vatican Council by the East German Communist authorities. Each was given permission to take two addition priests.