in War by E. J. KING
TO be sure of getting plenty of
good and varied food during the winter and in years to come, there is a very great deal we can do now. I have stressed that successional sowings of the fast-growing winter greens will provide a very long run during winter and spring. During the coming week the last big sowing for spring and early summer use will be made. Early Market, Ellam's Early and Harbinger are all good cabbages. They will be put out in their linal places in September and October. If you have some plants left over then, hold on to many of them: you may be glad of them for tilling gaps in the rows if we gel a harsh winter.
But it isn't so much of these more ordinary and usually abundant vegetables that you want to hear. Everybody with a garden has been growing them in plenty since the year one. Kohl rabis arc just as easy to grow as cabbages—in fact they're as easy as turnips and can have either turnip or cabbage cultivation—but the flavour is that of cauliflower, especially when the roots or swollen stems are eaten
young. There arc purple and green kinds, and both ale delicious.
For eating raw (and therefore without destruction of neutral salts and vitamins) you can now sow various salads. 1 -have often mentioned hardy winter lettuce and endive. Some people may think I harp on them too much, but such valuable and frequently forgotten food requires all the
publicity it can get. An even easier vegetable is the Black Spanish radish. You grow it just like ordinary radishes except that perhaps more room is allowed the seedlings. The roots grow to a nice size with fair spacing, ancl are fit to bc taken up in October or November and stored in a heap in sand or dryish earth. American cress seed is rather hard to get this year; but if you can get a little, sow some now The watercresslike growth is delicious in winter, and if the plants are six inches apart they will grow well if kept moist enough for any ordinary plant. They can be cut again and again. You can retain a good plant and save your own seed next spring. A parsley sandwich is as good as any iron tonic. so sow some now. All present sowings should be generously watered, and fed a little if possible when growth starts. Let the things have enough space, too.
Don't forget about that perpetual spinach beet called Luctiflus. Sown now it may yield well in winlet ; but in spring it will be unsurpassed in quality even when you would be content with harshly-flavouted greens.
BUSH AND CANE FRUITS These little goldmincs ot health are often undeveloped. They don't get capital in the shape of food or labour either. If your blackcurrants haven't been doing much, act as if you were killing them, Cut. them right back, leaving no old wood at all. 'then feed up the roots by giving as much as three-quarters of an ounce of sulphate oh ammonia or nitrate of soda per square yard. They can feed like anything, but remember that a young well-fed bush can in its third year from being a cutting yield as much as five pounds a year with regularity. Cuttings are best taken about now from young wood nicely ripened. about nine inches long. Shade them and keep them moist, and most of them will root.
Gooseberries wan( the worst of the old wood and the tangled stuff cut out. Leave the bushes open, and cut away suckers coming from the base. Cut off and burn any diseased shoots.
TRICKS OF THE TRADE If you want to raise your own gooseberry bushes (and nothing could be easier), take the cuttings just like blackcurrant cuttings; you must, however. cut out all the buds which are on the part of the stem you're going to bury and just above it as well. If left. these would become troublesome suckers later. Red and white currants are treated likewise.
Raspberry canes which have fruited should be quite cut away. and room made for the new growth to come up strongly. Sometimes there are too many new shoots; the extra ones can be carefully dug up and used to make a new plantation. Loganberries which have finished should have the same treatment, except that propagation is normally done by bending down the growing tip of as new shoot until it
worms its viay into the ground. It soon roots, and so you get both your new shoot and a new plant, too. Blackberry plants increase in the same way. and as they a re rich. prolific and very manageable when grown in gardens I can recommend their culture in any hut the tiniest garden. Some kinds arc very ornamental, too, especially the parsley-leaved. Though rich cultivation is repaid. these brambles will grow in the most neglected corner.