SIR,—In a recent article on Foreign Policy in the Quarterly Review, referring to Sir Victor Wellesley's book Diplomacy in Fetters, I pointed to the need of a constructive economic policy between nations, It was the problem Mussolini faced, and it does not the less exist for us because
he failed Simply to use his word totalitarianism, and then extend it from Moscosv ea Lisbon is to blind one s eyes to the dangers from Moscow and New York New -York? Mr. Beaks will ask. Yes, like Mrs Hollis, I distrust Bretton Woods, and the financiers lurking in them.
What 1 want to see is Catholics uniting under the guidance of the Holy See to stave oft ruin from the people whom the Allied Government promised the .blessings of unconditional surrender, and here I pay a grateful tribute to the unreservedly approved work of Mr. Healer. No one surely wants to make any charges against his Sword-but one may question the ways of particular members in it, and whether Mr. Dawson saw what he was doing in recent years. And if Mr Beaks wonders what I wonder when I read of an official of his movement warning the French against the fascist danger anuerg British Catholics. need I really say '? The truth is that many and many a British Catholic Mei heen called a fascist just because he saw the leftist dangers of a democracy plutocratic in New York arid Communist in Moscow. with the poverty it would bring on Britain and the horrors on Europe
Ste,-The impression is given by two letters in your last edition that Mr. Sencourt's strictures on the Sword of the Spirit were inspired by malice—or what Mr Beales calls vinegar This attempt to represent Mr. Sencourt's criticisms as merely malicious is in itself an example of malice ; it is also highly dangeroes, as it may obscure the very real truth in his quoted statements.
His complaint directed against Miss Ward's denunciation of sonic English
Catholics as " unreliable because fascist," is surely justified ; some English Catholics may be right wingthat is no crime ; some may even he fascist too--though that word has become by misuse so vague, that I myself should hesitate to use it-hut it is surely a ridiculous purism for Miss Ward to mention that in a country, like France. almost totally under the control of Marxists ? The barrier between a Catholic who is a democrat, and a Catholic who is sincerely a fascist, is a slight one. surely compared with the abyss which divides all Catholics from the narrow atheists of the Kremlin and elsewhere, whose thoughts and souls are shoehorned into the tight shoe of dialectical materialism?
Mr. Sencourt's description of America seems to me eminently just, when he describes it as " financial America ": that is just what America is, a cosmopolitan plutocracy ruled by money. Of course, there are many millions of simple goodhearted Americans to whom this epithet would not apply But the real rulers of America, the people whom one means when one talks of
" America as a political factor, the Bernard Baruchs, the Henry Morgenthaus and all the Wall Street Circus whose power is so vast, because so indirect, and whose generosity, as we have seen is not large, these are all financiers : and to this extent America is described reoSt justly as " financial," New York is built on something, and if it is not gold. t should like to know what it is
29 Cranky Gardens. South Kensington.
Site-My heart was lifted up by Professor Sencourt's letter. My heart was very down after hearing the almost lyrical optimism of Miss Ward at the Sword annual meeting, and your readers and Miss Ward may be a little inter
ested to know why. .
Two years ago I heard Miss Ward for the first time But I had a queer idea I had heard her scores of times before that-seen her scores of times, too. This year I knew the answer. I have seen her and heard her speak in' innumerable meetings since I was about sixteen years old.
Miss Ward is a hundred young and fairly young Quakeresses-intelligent, attractive, feminine-especially to be noticed in their " intuitive " way of speaking-an I optimistic.
1 fled from their Gospel, the gaucherie of the 'Christian Social Gospel with its attendant liberalism and psychic research after " the spirit of the age " into the Church. And hardly am I inside her than I sec I am pursued I Again I was told many times by intelligent young Quakeresses that I was very ignorant of economics. Knowledge of economics, apparently, was one of the essentials. A well brought up young man should be an economist and perhaps fead The Economist. I wonder, It seems very plain to me that Miss Ward's discreet flirtation with " democratic groups " and " progressively minded ' folk is but a sample of the habits of millions of Catholics to-day They ought to be resisting the hooey about " democracy " as Salamr is resisting it. Are we afraid of being called Fascists ? As a Tory I have always been called a Fascist so I arn used to the insult. But my politics are no more in question than Miss Ward's economics. What I, with Professor Sencourt, am wondering about is whether we Catholics are going to forget that as Catholics we cannot " slide to the Left," for we are on a rock. "" Rightism " (whIch, of course, is not Toryism) was at its best an attempt to maintain traditional government by force But Leftism is the attempt to overthrow tradition by force and to govern by force itself. It is far more anti-Catholic than " fascism " or any anti-democratic naturalism, as Professor Sencoutt says. I have been hoping. and now I appear to be hoping successfttly, that Newman's fight against "democracy " would be adumbrated soon, I am obliged to Professor Sencourt for having done the work.
45, Stafford Road, Sidcup, Kent, Sett,—Thus Mr. Christopher Dawson . . . " It was Mussolini himself who said. ' A party that governs totalitarianally is a new fact in history.' "
As Mussolini's views on the Fascism he founded are very relevant to the argument, could Mr. Dawson give 05 chapter 11224 verse for this quota
tion ? It would be interesting to track it to iti context I
Meanwhile, here is another which rather upsets Mr. Dawson's -argument: "The economic man does not exist. Man is complete: he is political, he is economic, he is religious, he is a saint, he is a warrior." Speech on "The Corporate State," p. 33, November 14, 1933.
21. Waken Road, Harm& Hestb, Surma.