ems That Interests and Matters JANUARY S JANUARY 12
LL.P. Volunteers for Spain By-Elections
Prior to the imposition of the ban upon volunteers and recruiting for the Spanish civil war, a party of twenty-five volunteers left London for Spain under the auspices of il-ze Independent Labour Party. They are to assist the Spanish government forces, the Independent Labour Party being closely connected with the P.O.U.M. or Trotskyite party, which has its main strength in Catalonia. The !ceder is Mr. Bob Edwards, a member or the National Council of the I.L.P. and former I.L.P. Parliamentary candidate for Chorley. One hundred other 1.L.P. volunteers are said to be ready to leave,
Ban upon Volunteers for Spain
In order to give proof of its real desire for non-intervention in the Spanish civil war the British government has announced that it intends to invoke the Foreign Enlistrrtent Act of 1870 and ban volunteers from this country. Both would-be volunteers and recruiters for either side in the Spanish civil war will henceforth be subject to severe penalties.
Two ships were involved in disasters and sank when the Fleetwood trawler San Sebastian struck a rock off the island of Islay, Argyllshire, and the French trawler, Notre Dame de Lourdes', was involved in a collision off the mouth of the Thames. Nine survivors from the Fleetwood were rescued by the Pibroch, a coasting vessel on its way to Ardbeg, but four were drowned in the disaster. The Notre Dame de Lourdes collided with the Theems, which was on its way from Holland to Rotherhithe, in the estuary of the Thames. Seven lives were lost.
Later two further trawler disasters occurred when the Belgian trawler, Vierge Marie. from Ostend went aground near Penzance, four of the six members of the crew being drowned, and the Roche Castle, from Swansea, grounded off the Gower peninsula. In the latter case one member of the crew lost his life.
New Governor for N.S. Wales
The Dominions Office announces that H.M. the King has approved the appointment of Lord Wakchurst to be GovernorGeneral of New South Wales ip succession to the late Admiral, Sir David Murray Anderson. Lord Wakehurst is 42 years old and inherited the title last June on the death of his father. As Captain Loder he represented East Leicester in Parliament as a Conservative from 1924 to 1929 and Lewes from 1931 to 1936. He is married and has three sons and one daughter.
The two candidates so far selected to contest the North St, Pancras pailiamentEry vacancy created by the resignation of Sir Ian Fraser are Mr. 1-1. M. Tibbles, who fought the seat. for Labour at the last General Election, and Mr. R. Grant Ferris. a former Birmingham City councillor and pilot in the R.A.F., who will represent the Conservative cause. The present Conservative majority is 3,601. A close contest is anticipated.
Another London by-election will occur in the Richmond division where Sir William Ray, the sitting Conservative member, is applying for the Chiltern Hundreds because
of ill-health. Sir William Ray was returned unopposed at a by-election in 1932 and obtained a majority of 19,480 over his Labour opponent, Mr. W. Gassman. who polled 10,953 at the last General Election. Mr. E. T. Lancaster. a barrister and Richmond councillor. will be the Labour candidate at the forthcoming by-election.
Mr. Frank Hodges
The Commissioner of Special Areas, Sir George Gillett, has appointed Mr. Frank Hodges, a former secretary of the Miners' Federation, to be directly responsible to him for all matters to do with coal and the production of coal from oil in the Special Areas. Mr. Hodges was secretary of the Miners' Federation from 1918 to 1924 and of the International Miners' Federation from 1925 to 1927. He was Labour M.P. for Lichfield from 1923 to 1924 and Civil Lord of the Admiralty in the first Labour Government. A pit boy by origin. he is now a director of the Bank of England and a member of the Central Electricity Board. He is fifty years of age.
Minister on Recruiting
Sir Thomas Inskip, Minister for the Co-ordination of Defence, speaking at Glasgow, declared that he was still convinced that the voluntary recruiting system would provide for British needs. He admitted that Territorial and Regular Army recruiting left much to be desired at the moment, but said that plans were being drawn up with a view to making conditions in the army more attractive. He believed that the youth of the country was not yet sufficiently alive to the needs of the situation, but that this did not mean that conscription should be introduced as a remedy.
Admiral Sir R. Erle-Drax, Commanderin-Chief at Plymouth, announced that eight men had been dismissed from the Devonport dockyard as a result of Secret Service investigations, on order from the Admiralty. No reason was given, but it is thought that it may be connected with certain literature impounded.
Dutch Royal Wedding Spanish Civil War
Princess Juliana, only daughter of Queen Wilhchnina of Holland and heir to the Dutch throne, was married to Prince Bernard of Lippe-Biesterfeld at the Hague amid scenes of great popular enthusiasm. The civil ceremony at the Town Hall, where the Burgomaster of the Hague, Dr. Van Mochy, delivered an address, was followed by a religious ceremony at the Groote Kerk, at which Dr. Obbink, the Court Chaplain, officiated. In accordance with the Queen's wishes the wedding was of a purely family nature and no official foreign guests attended. The Duke of Kent, the Earl of Athlone and Princess Alice Countess of Athlone, as well as Major Henry and Lady May Abel-Smith, were present in a private capacity. Over a million people poured into the Hague for the ceremony, which was broadcast in most countries, including America, and popular rejoicings also took place in the Dutch East Indies. The royal couple kept the secret of their honeymoon destination a close secret, but, despite rumours of their presence in Scotland and the Tyrol, it was eventually found that they had gone to Muszyna Krynica in the Polish Carpathians, where they intend to spend a month for winter sports.
Rexist Leader's Turin Broadcast
M. Degtelle, the Belgian Rexist leader who has on numerous occasions been refused the use of Belgian broadcasting stations, recently broadcast an address in French from Radio Turin in which he outlined the Rexist programme and organisa tion and praised Italian Fascism. The broadcast caused a very bad impression and she Belgian Ambassador in Rome has protested to the Italian government.
Polish Diet Approves French Loan
The Polish Sejm or Diet has unanimously approved the terms of the French loan of £25,000,000 to Poland, some £12.000,000 of which will be in cash and the remainder mainly in war material. Allusion was made to the political nature of the loan and to the increased need for Polish armaments in view of Germany's huge armaments programme. Colonel Beck, the Foreign Minister, gave an assurance that the FrancoPolish alliance of 1921 held good, whatever other negotiations with other powers might he entered into by either parfy and that this would be kept in view during the forthcoming "Locarno" negotiations. Much importance was attached to this latter statement throughout Europe and concern was displayed in Germany. Fierce lighting has been raging for some time at Madrid and the Defence Committee has given orders for the compulsory evacuation of all civilians not of fighting age. Taken as a whole the respective positions have been maintained until recently, but despite contradictory reports from the opposing sides, General Franco's forces appear to have made headway and the new offensive now appears to include an attack from the north, where Madrid is far more exposed to an offensive than on the other sides, and fighting is taking place in the city. Bombing raids have been frequent and among the buildings which suffered has been the British Embassy, the Military Attache and a Mrs. Norris being slightly wounded. The British government has protested to General Franco.
Little has been heard of the Asturian, Catalan or North Andalusian fronts, where the position is thought to be stationary, but a fierce onslaught by the insurgent forces upon Estepona, near Malaga, has been repulsed with heavy loss. It is thought however that a new and very heavy offensive is about to be launched upon Malaga, with German and Italian troops, as the Italian transports find Malaga more convenient than Cadiz.
A grave European crisis arose as the result of revelations that, in addition to the many German soldiers in Spain, Germany has been steadily sending soldiers or, as the German press calls them, "experts!' in large numbers into Spanish Morocco. As German fortifications were also known to be in course of construction at Ceuta and the copper mines at Mellilla to be in German hands, these facts, together with the persistent German agitation among the Moors both in French and Spanish Morocco, brought matters to a head and the French Consul at Tetuan warned the Spanish insurgent authorities of the danger attendant upon infringement of the FrancoSpanish treaty whereby no foreign troops may be brought into Spanish Morocco. Tension has been considerably eased by conciliatory assurances both from the Spanish authorities and Herr Hitler himself to the French Ambassador. A wild campaign has broken out against France in the German press, but it is thought that this may cease as the tension decreases,
The latest news from the Vatican state that the Pope's general condition is not altogether unsatisfactory, but more or less stationary. He is suffering intense pain, but at the moment there is no immediate danger. He has been able to sit up a little in an arm-chair and to receive several visitors, including Cardinals Pacelli, Rossi, Dougherty and Tisserant.