Page 11, 15th July 1938

15th July 1938
Page 11
Page 11, 15th July 1938 — A GREAT DAY IN HISTORY

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Organisations: Irish army, Dail
Locations: DUBLIN, London, Rome


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From Our Peen Correspondent.



An hour later, Mr. Eamon de Valera crosses from the Cork shore on the Innisfallen to the island, and as head of the Government of Ireland he is saluted by a fresh cannonade of 19 guns. At the fort, he hoists the Irish Flag, and as the tricolour breaks it rises, too, on the neighbouring forts Camden and Carlisle, while a full salute of 21 guns thunders forth.

The changing of the guard is complete. Ireland commands at last the strong places of her Southern shore. It is a moment of historic meaning. The Irish army enters the Southern ports on terms which cancel the last shred of external claim to their use, and which admit unqualified Irish sovereignty in the Twenty-six Counties. This is being said by Mr. de Valera on the wireless in an address that I cannot report by this mail.

Mitchel Island

A suggestion has been made by a distinguished Newry Catholic that Spike Island should be renamed Mitchel Island in commemoration of an incident that happened there in 1848.

The great John Mitchel, son of the Unitarian Minister in Newry, was being carried away to penal exile. The ship of war halted off Spike Island. A delicate poor teacher of the prisoners' children came aboard—it was Edward Walsh, the most tender of the Anglo-Gaelic poets of the century. Walsh grasped Mitchel's hands and kissed them, saying: " You are the man most to be envied in Ireland,"

" There may be two opinions about that," said Mitchel, with Northern dryness, but he wrote in his Journal that he pitied Walsh more than Walsh pitied him.

That moment, when Protestant Ulster and Catholic Munster met in patriotism and in pain, always has been remembered, and the renaming of Spike Island " Mitchel Island " would be a timely compliment to Newry and the North.

Industrial Horizon Clears

The bakers' strike in Dublin has been averted. The Government issued a warning to citizens to take in large supplies of flour and prepare for a long strike, with homebaking—a grave ordeal for the Dublin girls of today. (Last year a school reader was prepared, which included Cobbett's praise of home-baking, but this lesson was excised on the ground that it would give offence in the schools of Dublin.)

At the last moment the strike was postponed, then averted altogether, by the men's acceptance of a two-shilling rise in place of the ten shillings demanded.

No Milk Stoppage

Threat of a milk stoppage has been

withdrawn, too. Good feeling prevails at the conferences," says an agreed report by the parties.

In the Dail there was a short discussion on the crux in the supply of food to the capital. General Mulcahy, Mr. Cosgrave's lieutenant in the Dail, contended that the Prices Commission ought to secure a cheaper food supply to the poor. Mr. Lemass, as Minister for Industry and Commerce, replied that the Commission had no powers before seeing that profits were kept at a just margin over costs in the industries concerned.

Mr. J. J. Walsh, President of the Federation of Irish Manufacturers, formerly a Minister under Mr. Cosgrave, told a meeting of manufacturers that he hoped for the united backing of Mr. Cosgrave's party in the Government's efforts to make the most of the London agreements. The Treasurer, Mr. P. L. McEvoy, said that though wages were higher here than in the United Kingdom, conditions of employment better, and output lower, they had little peace in industry. Industry could never be efficient as long as the strike mania crippled production and callously inflicted untoward hardships on the community.

Compulsory arbitration appeared to offer the only means of attaining industrial peace. In that system employers and workers must put all their cards on the table and abide by the result.

Cork Counsels Labour

This weekend the industrial problem is being discussed at the Summer School of Catholic Sociology, meeting as in years past at Clongowes Wood College.

Professor Alfred O'Rahilly, the great Cork scholar, is lecturing on wages and guilds of industry, and the Labour Lord Mayor of Cork will be another of the delegates. The Jesuit Fathers will be hosts, and a weekend as profitable to mind and spirit as last year is expected. Just a year ago 1 reported the weekend when Labour gathered, exultant from the polls. This year it meets after another election.

Grow More Wheat—To a Point

Speaking on agriculture in the Dail, Mr. de Valera developed farther his policy for rural revival, Ireland's greatest need.

There had been big changes in recent years in every country in the world between town and country life, Mr. de Valera said. The nation would be stronger if it was based on country life as opposed to town life. There would be a serious loss to the country if the flow from the country was not stopped, and anything that could be done to make country life more attractive would be done. The bias of the Government was towards country life, and every attempt was being made to put people on the land, in so far as the land was able to support them.

The Government's agricultural policy was, first, to preserve the home market. They had saved the home market and made it safe for the farmers. External markets would be supplementary. They could be found, had been found, and were valuable.

Farmers Must Continue

He thought they ought to go on inducing the farmers as best they could to continue growing wheat, and continue that policy until a stage was reached where they might decide that the burden was going to be too heavy—the burden of providing the price for the farmer as compared with the price from outside.

He would not say at what particular point they would stop. He believed they should go on developing their tillage policy; and if there was any truth in the arguments that the tillage policy depended very largely on the livestock policy, then the conditions were favourable.

"The future prosperity of this country depends on rural prosperity and it is impossible to build that on contempt for the countryside. So long as you have that feeling in any degree you will have the flight from the land," said Professor Bain MacNeill, when he urged a pride in Irish place-names, in his presidential address to the Royal Society of Antiquaries.

Pope Honours Galway's Dean

The Dean of Galway, Mgr. Considine, has been installed as Protonotary Apostolic of the Bishop of Galway.

Dr. Browne, addressing the congregation, said that the highest honour the Pope could confer upon any priest resident in Rome or outside Rome was to admit him to the number of the Apostolic Protonotaries.

" He has received them," said his Lordship, " because of his eminent services to the city and the diocese of Galway. The people of Galway know them, but especially the poor and the working classes of Galway know them, because the past forty out of the forty-four years of his priestly life has been spent in the City of Galway, in its streets and in its laneways, and I venture to say, and you know it, that there is not a boy or girl in this parish that Mgr. Considine does not know."

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