Page 5, 15th June 1935

15th June 1935
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Page 5, 15th June 1935 — SOME BOOKS OF THE WEEK

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The Monthlies

Til..1171s4•RIARS for tube opens trith a t7nraber of articles bcaring direr liy jrI inrlirc,ity upon the newty-caniolized martyrs. Jr. ,licNabb fells *us that .St. folot Fisher was a more typical Englishman than St. Thomas 'Vlore, but the taller is the laniral Londoner.

"1;tianiu" " Nan-here

island." and re, s. Delany, of Nom

Fork. f(?Ii:!. U an a el (11;!1 Nor, article on lb Hies ; lit, nue st7pr.M.ff 111 llic war, Ica slate, eliding With seam-I,iIina ictlectipins on ifs possibilities ,for thosinvoluntarily

Fr. torialoraiei rionmenas eon.oinice

credit atirachvely ati " 1101■111 Sri tree 1000 (Huey and inad,.! iicailable where n■aded."

.111■111;ei liri()1; recirtus, recolnitoin importance 'if I; rrgOr)l'..; " T len ,N101 mrierse iiiiseirs,sed al si,rac lenalle in our pages), and also to oar contributor hr. E. I.

ki 11. " 1.1.1d 10Slilibll of Final," of which it Ls said I hat " originalif y and freedom from e'r !ming' of authoritres an! One if 11,c areallirsses of this hook."

lit. Wall:la's hook and its oriyinality

Hoe 011SI! of an article in N7'11. whielt lhe riairse of lis orjri lorn and riaticisms brings out

11r. alkin's points of milli recent mathematical

the other articles may be , by Ifyr. crn, the f titapinan's fearhing con terrier, In which he rompares Ail. on one point, with certain

ions Ifolinos.

spare is ter!, naturally given. to ..yrogress of the 1Ves1minster version m,'"Itir erre Teslamoent, and there are the usual Inn revietli.s of books.

Wr hare not in England anything quite the equicalent of THE r.4 lel/Oita 1!•, of New 1,•irk, which is an, approa-imation to the monthly magazine as distinct front the monthly review. (In Ireland lacy are fortunate to possess 1100 " Irish Rosary.")

The issue for June contains a .substanliat artiel,? on the city of Rome as it i.s emerging frOiii. llie excavations and rebuilding initiated by Mussolini, and another ott the eorre.spoinicitce Of the Jesuit poet 6crard Manley Hopkins by Mr. ....Maley James, icho is welt kuiow». to readers of the " Catholic Herald."

n artirle on Mexico contains a notable quotation from a frankly antf-Cathotic American. radical, protesting against

the niolufirm ,,t every personal right C)! ecrry Catholie."

.4 point of real i»Iporlanro, partieu• Hirt!, to American(, is ?nark' in. (n) article on '• Our Regi»iented Mind," which. fins?, as: the argument that nianontistit rail tinier he a real

hrrause of its "rmmeit ip(iiriditetti.Ant,"

by pointing mil that niimis of Americans hare sin-aro themselves pronnantedly capable of regimentation by Cate slogan after another.

The Little Chancellor

Doilfuss And His Times. fly le D. Gregory. (Hutchinson, -les.)

Reviewed by H. C. O'NEILL ITis one, of the cha ri

ractestics of modern liernia.ny that her action elionicl defeat her own .deliberate purpose. This has been been Unto Weer time, but was demonstrated DeVol• more :aerially then in the brutal murder of the Auetrian Chancellor Dollfuse. For the time at least, and at the moment it eeerets likely it will be a long tine, tithe at a stroke, put an end to the German ;elan or the absorption of Austria, bridged the gulf between France and Italy, arid opened the eyes of the world 10 the fun cynicism of Hitler's policy. Sooner or later " the amateur Nordic eapeurings of tin t painter-decorator at Berlin," himsolf an Austrian by birth, will torn once more to the enschfuss, and Mr. Gregory's brilliant. exposition tect issue is, therefore, of consider.

elite importanee, Ae. he zees it the cleavage ie sharply drawn : "The eritical peva through which we.; are prieeing are bound to primitive.

many stirprisee. But they op derieiee between the mechanieal and eptrittial iseue, between !Hsu:nee-at determine-lit IWO tIn ieverse. if tire former 1riug vers. the Nvorld ean na.rdly fall 'erte go down in a final cataetrophe; if the latter, Dollfuss will have, ww,. We art, at ille cross-roade , hut the Italia: is heavier then Ii er was before . . . just over At gears egg, the eras triumphed over he creevent before the gates of Vienna. The ewastika is also an Occult oriental eymbei."

Put it is not in this way 11w tragedy or Dielfues is vieualieed everywhere. 'For rnesteof lee he questions which his reteee are verieei vial more narrowly id it is .signiticare of his real worth et they should set Ns-ell-meaning ople in elicit there, oppoeition. For leolltelss beaan his life with aintOst everything against him. 13nrn and bred a peasant. even when he wee given a chance of ;t wider destiny he tailed at first lo prolit by it His failure at all cvente proved profitable; and he never loekerl back. From his earliest years he was gay and full of fun; but he was also possessed of an almost irresistible char and that. rarer quality which fits a man for leadership. In the war his talents had but small scope, and he inevitably gravitated back to the university once it was over.

The pages which tell of his struggles to surmort himself make excellent reading. Fie lived from hand to mouth until October, 1919, when lee was appointed secretary of the Battembund, the earmere' League. lle threw himself with characteristic energy into life new work, visited Berlin in the raitree lir his delta !,11,,r frinieral• ere\ .i.eiat L.AU.1IL ,01 Leyte& .1.u.4t.ria to_ promote agrarian interests. Austria was al that time in a desperate plight. alie N5 as saved ineinly through the initiativt,

and eiteree le Sir Goode, who inaugurated the era of credit-. But it wee net uuly financially that Auettie e es ill straits. Tile government eas donlieated Iu eeialists until ihe end of

lent, aed ft yeare after ■% as threatened by armed forces either from the left the right. An ebottive attempt, rn dieariti belt sides came to grief in Februar.,. 111,12. anti ti few month,. later Bonham sva: rellee upon te shoulder the

enema lee liege the lie Iiii nly elude u previous appeeraie ee et the government. and (ace1 time io never poets though he left ti ii mark epee tate,

Two y long tinie ill

.peet-war Iiiiellorships: iou

in eta eleat space. he eucceeded II liomeimie the reveheion by which '5 i I Iii ettere!. The Chrielian Corporate

'elle uSes this term instead of the initir. " corporative :eat° wits reunited uperi the principles of the

encyclical Quilitraal snit') Anno. lt authorital e " bin um. totalitarian: and though dolluiilrly Celestite!, it is stellarcunt that it, (loos 1101, go so far in its tioneessions fo the pneition as the Laterrin Treaties of 'Mussolini. These recognise the Churcit tis the "only religion of the Stele," wherene the concordat tie:zonated by Holiftiss nierely guarantees to it, full freedom 1.)1' cultus.

For many people the murder of

fuss hears a more or less intimate ruinlion 10 the attack on the Socealists tin the preceding February. Whatever view we take, it. is clear that the Chancellor was placed between the devil and the deep sea. There vere the vaTiolIS Soriaest fermatione, Sehutzbund,


l?irrcrtioud and .4 reciter/neer on the one side aud the lleinarehr on the other, with the nazi group ready to profit from any disturbance. Mr. Gregory does not appear to give sufficient weight to the known determinetion of the Heiniwehr to deal with the Socialists. To arm when threatened iis inconvenient but natural: tu forestall attack is part of military prudence. The leeier is what Doilleiss dill, aecording to Mr. Gregory; and if an attack upon the government evas planned be had no alternative. The }mown facts are not decisive. What is certnin is that Honfuss, whe W i coneiclered to he too nmoh" to the Left" two years before, was lainstinct, sympathy and policy biassed towards conciliation and did his hest, to repair the damage when the Socialist resistance 15 as crushed.

Tile actual uircumstances of his murder are too -well linown to need rePetition. It is now reeognized that his life could have bee!' saved if the alitivieltios had ;toted IllOre swiftly when the plot Was discoV,ered. Mr. Gregory's is the fullest mid most dramatic narrative leaf has appeared. fle bringe oul moreever, the vision, altruism, simplicity arid religious character of one whose tuatie is vertain to live in history. His book has /1 further arid a higher value. II raiees the story lo the grand plane, and, hy relating this merrairablie figure to its hackgromal of morierti history and to the life ckf his time, il forms a distinct contribution to the study of the problems welch face ever.e. euurary to-day.

Then and Now

Russia: Then and Now. Ely Brigadierreeneral NV. H. I I. Waters. C.M.G., C.V.O. (Murray, ;e. Gd. nee) Reviewed by OLGA BENNIGSEN

Fr"'F. jacket tells us that this is " a book tutu flussia Vith a differGive " teal we agree with tees ;eaten-alit. Brig -Gen. Waters Mat v.•ela to Bussea in 1888 and live years :later wits ripprented mIntary aerate-id to 11.1aeles etywassy m Petersburg. tie was egain flu Itussia during the war and left lll 1916. little gueetsing that he was taking a final farewell or old Buseia.

t,uriotts to revisit the cum-airy he haft knovni en welt, end bee it under its tiew garb, the -eviler iippeed for a N•:sii iii Ifete, but it wile reineed. Four year-liner he tried again and this till ucunlcil. Si in the spring of Eta the general. iii on. age 01 seventy

nine, eel. mu. cm ‘liyilee of explore tiott ill the laud of the Soviets. Ile

hart expreseed time math that his hitourist guide be a lady, and, moreover, that bite ehould be attaehed to 11:e person throughout his tour.

These weehes were respected and the first person to meet the traveller at the frontier was a charming lady who is benceforth affeetionatety.referred to as "My •Nadya " Naclye proved a most tailful and entiiierit cicerone and guardian angel--aml we suspect thai she else skilfully coaelied tier charge V. ho truetailly credited ell that was told him though convineed be was investigionig waiters for hirmeen.

It is .1 gossipy hook-impressions and rippreciaLons epon preesentelay Russia hexed up N1 ith reminiscences of old limes. 11-e fca a however, that I he writer's; melee-pry lees often piayee. torn false, Blue the eptsode on page 224 is ita.reilible. and we itnagine the Czar gently pulled an indiscreet inquirer's leg NvIten he told Wm teat "fhe Church is too strong Tor' me." How far the writer's judgment may be relied upon is seen by tits exaggerated notion of 11-to power of the Orthodox Church:, on whieh he blames everything, whereas it is a fact of common knowledge that in Ressia the Church was completely erielaved by the State.

After a lapse of half-a-century or eo it is too much to expect accurate statetwine, especially from a writer who seems never to have gone beneath the surface. l'he generars good-humouren chatty 11;11;e5 may entertain the me eephicticeriee, and We 'think ale 1101.S111.' v 10, t,i1C.AVed ineightin wreath-4 tt wrttera via&

Blood-Drenched Altars

Blood-Drenched Altars. By Mgr. Francis C. Kelley, Ilisliop of Oklahoma. (Coldwele for Bruce Publishing Co.).

1.1evieweil by F. I. WATKIN 'S TI ItlE our !In as is full of justified fa'OteMs ilJIi.j the iirizi persecutiun of the Gernimi Joke it is ecaticlaloue that an tamest eieliplete :silence ehould lie iiuitihtuiuuul iLuiil hi '1ioi-tuuously

nrurc brutal and rei1111(• porS.Ocuti011 of catholicism, iirdeed or religion of every description, which the Mexican government has vilified on almuet unintermittently :Mire Carratizei beanie preeident iii 1914.

The story here vigorteiely told by the I ;hemp if Oklahoma, C.S..a, who has lir:eh:111d enowledge of the Mexican eituntion. deetaves end &Mande the atteutiou. Wholesale plunder, calumny, eticrecge and hrutal murder have been the lot of eltaieiiii Catholics at tee hands of the gangsters; who have constituted tied :till constitute the government of Mexieit Churches closed end deserrateel, the eiltninistrations or religion deelared criminal, clergy murdered, imprisoned or driven into exile-and not clergy atome but laymen and women who have dared to protest and in many cases have simply practised their religion-such evelits make up the story of a perseeution such as we associate With the penal days of English Catholicism or the persecutions carried out by Roman emperors or Japanese shoguns.

And indeed the Mexican persecution is more evil even than these. For they

ere direeted against a particular form of religion, the Mexican persecution a.gainet religion as such. Thougli direct foreign intervention would only make bad worse by casting a cloak of patriotism over the pereeeutor, Et wide publicity given to such a damning indictment as this shoeld focus .lipon the Mexican governmeht so potent a force of loathing and disgust front all to whore the eletnentarY rights of man are still dear that they must flinch beneath it and for very shame before the civilized world relax the persecution.

The attempts, pitiful as they are, made from limo to time by the spokesmen of the government-one of these made try the Minister for Foreign .‘ffairs-is turn to shreds by Mgr. leelley--would Ito longer deceive anybody and such a brezen lie as the denial lately issued from the Mexican embassy in London that there is any religioue perseention in Mexico would become imptissible. It is a pity that copies of this buok cannot be distribeted to all occupying ally inlportant position, ttereonal or official, in the Hrated States rind the British Empire, particularlyto religious leaders.

We have societies for the protection of children and dumb enimals. Why have we no soriety for the defence of religious liberty whirl' would conduct a massive propaganda on behalf of the persecuted Catholics of elexieo-ewhile not forgetting leerma.n hies and Christians or -the victims of Soviet atheism?

'there is, indeed, ethic difference between the persereitione cif religion in Russia and in Mexico. The objective, as the bishop shows, is the same, the moving forces the same. But the Mexican persecutors are less subtle, inore cowardly and in inany eases, it would seem, less convinced of their own position. For many of the revolutionary leaders made belated attempts to come to terms with the Church they had perseented-attempts vitich cost, Carranza and Obregon their lives. Two of Calles's daughters attended a Catholic school. Senor Portee Gil acted as gotlfether at a baptistn and Calles himself was nursed in a Catholic hospital at Los Angeles.

The Bishop of Oklahoma is not enntent with an aceount of present conditions. Be traces the outline of Mexican history from the beginning. He successfully eseiblishes his thesis that Spanish rule, and in particular the Church under Spaniel' proteetion. gave Mexico a eiva lizalion which has been demolished during llie nineteenth and twentieth centuries of anarchy and dictatorships. The scattered library and wrecked laboratory of the seminary of Guadalajara are at. once a symbol and an instance of the barbarism into which Mexico has relapsed under a system of government whose claim to he free, enlightened and liberal still deceives hosts (if Englishmen and Americans.

But, in reaction against Prescott, the author's depreciation of the native Aztec vulture is excessive. 1 bad occasion lately to comet-tent on Fr. Hoeltker's too favourable estimate of Aztec religion and morality. Mgr. Kelley, going in the opposite extreme, ignores the favourable aspects which Fr. Hoeltker over-estimates. Nor does it :-.0e111 to me iestifiable to treat the liberal enlightenment which produeed the revolution as the same historical force :is modern Communism simply because both are anti-Catholic. A common negative feature does not constitute a positive identity. There would also appear to he inaccuracies of detail. The encomtendas, we are told, were finally suppressed by 1720. One of the cnxemenderos compensated was a son of Montezuma, the last Aztec emperor. But no son of Montezuma could have been living later than the eixteenth century. And the bishop talks of "Marxian experimentation" in reference .10 an epoch when Marx was an infant His false identiftcritical between Communism and hourgores Liberalism has led him into a strange oversight. These slips uould easily be reluedie.d,

A Lover of England

My Old World. By Ernest Dimnet. (Jonathan Cape, pp. 315. 7s. 6d.) THE optical of this book Is undeniable and itresietible: yet it is not easy to suggest h. whet precisely that appeal coresiete. Like all English landscape. made up of so many "ordinary " features Ivitich yet merge into a whole absolute beauty, Si is the pattern of rouget it the simple 1,111 I ,e ‘ ,,.';,i;‘')':

1..,11, w chielleent passeci in a

1,111 I ,e ‘ ,,.';,i;‘')':

1..,11, w chielleent passeci in a

paice te it 0% the Frauco-Prussitin

war eris !melee affect, a boyhood

elle it. iaternaily, must thieve been Jewelled le any of a thousand others, a seminary naming V, I IiLh cult Only be eharaCiffiZed US "typical."

What is it. then, that has transfigured the narrative of 'Mae events, to that the reader leek compelled Ii l go on aria dust-over ;wire about Ibis dear, shrewd, scholarly tiriest, with his allnost embarrassing .Ariglonamia? What is it, equally. ilea constitutes the beauty of air i4Igiishi landscape? Before me as I write is such a scene, made up of familiar details-grey stone balustrades and,,reen lawns, pasture land bright with butteri up rind daisy, a manifold contueion of rem and beech. chestnut and fir, with a tete houses in a, clearlire in their niidSt. Simple, familiar things, yet. in this May sunlight., corn plsetie, aisnd itlo‘e.tYlii:i.-1 the Abbe Di-inners reminiscences. 111 ii style so simple and minima that it never obtrudes iteelf, herein.' distracts you for a moment from that which he is portraying. he out lines with rill the vigorous detail of a Strel engraving the succeesive scenes of his life; and over it all. leke. a summer suit, is the warm light of his genius.

"A new world lied been opened for me," he writes at the end of the book.

"I cannot regret the eliange . But how can I 'forget the long, slow years in which my -our ripened in peace in its closed garden; Probably cech one of us has his rate) old world, that is to say. the time when he was lese conscieua of reacting upon his surroundings than of being nurtured by them. The recollection of that time is our individual

1jinesage rn a sum up the hook,

if, an'itert.1r:al. But it woind hr unjust to attempt iii any way ti synopsize, the cot-dente. seal nil re to eierlyse the spirit of the belie, which muse he left to the iiiri II ithial rea.der to gather for Iiimself.

The IiiniptatiOti to quote is strong, yet it intee, he resisted, for almost any passage taken by itself may appear to the stranger so "ordinary " that he may wonder what all the fuss is about. In reading the quiet pages you get something of that rare delight given by the long letters of a well-loved, absent friend. To another who has not the privilege of knowing that friend, the sentence or phrase ihat tills your mind will) a new knowledge end your heart with a fresh joy may stein alma at trivial. The Abbe has made one friend who win reiways eee something. out of the ordinary in his most "ordinary " remark.

Layman's Book for Laymen

The Genius of the Vatican. By Robert Sencourt (Cape, los. 6d.) Reviewed by JOSEPH CLAYTON

THE main object of this excellent "laymen's book for laymen" (which is noi to say the clergy are dissuaded from its penisal) is declared

at the °inset, te exelein the Vatican as a living iiishiat playring its part among the eorld powers."

The expethal ilia is eminently successful. An °Melee of the history of the liapaey lit ii) its l'elationS to alt people that on earth do dwell from {he post-apostolic, ages to the reign of Pius IX. takes up a third of the book. And this survey. no Mere elirrilijele of dates and names, is a well balanced enflictent Iii kaulle and Maintain a lively interest.

W0 may nut always agree etelli Mr. Set-tenures interpretations, Me may dissent oficasionaliy Iront his temse-Jared judgments on the power Hee influence of the papecy in the middle ages; riot for a moment do we challenge the reasoilateleness or the author's conclusions, or deny the general accuracy of the narrative.

ainelarly, with the chapters on St. Peter's and its architecture. We may appreciate the glowing enthusiasm and respect the knowledge displayed without admitting total and complete conviction For example e

"The concept mbleh created

Peter's is not the work siniPlY 0/ one atheentrue.sti, iirronf, ,s7.4.,,Nrux„-riroinue fonfi.e milt:54s

, . The rmisaniniation al the gnat

reality at which they aimed was therefore sithlimity rather I haft beauty. Majesty. might, drum-in ion and power, e.rpressed in an infinite profusion of ornament amongst raist masses and spares, were to or the supreme characteristics of its ordered coherence. Reason was to he entarged, hut at the same tune to gairt a fuller realisation of its limits. No style other than Baroque Suited them."

The latter part of this singularly well balanced atirount of the papaey is brought up to date. 'rite rannerons papal encyclicals on pfditice, economics ant! citizenship; the ulifhirultier in France with anti-teem-ahem and Aelion Fra.nuaiso; the question, only settled by the treaty with Messolini and the creation of en independen I. Vat Lean ci ty; the free trilled movements tor pem 0 in !lie year:, of tie var-oll ttloSe things' and more the reader le lucidly inetrUC ted,

X At Oberammergau

x at Oberammergau. By Hum.bert Wolfe. (elethuen, as.) by CHARLES WILLIAMS

WHEN Mr. Wolfe first began to publish poetry he appeared over Hs like a luminous cloud, a golden mist ii Itvhich atoms of all-Eitglish verse vibrated. lie was not reminiscent, of anyone or anything in particular; he was a communal Celli). There has sinee emerged front that cloud an attitude aild a voice, arid in this denunciation he header's hie voice, both in verse anel Eu morals. It is true lies denunciation of tyranny, especially of Prussitai tYranny, is still 4.1. little, prejudiceid, and the sympathy of his reader must a hale depend on a political sympathy already extended. If Mr. Wolfe's cause were less just, and his emotion less sincere, should be tempted to see whether I could write a poem as good as his upon the other side. In allk'human quarrels the temptation is to abolish the quarrel by abolishing the other side, instead of uuderstanding it; that is one reason why human quarrels neVer end.

Mr. Wolfe's book is a poem concerned with the arrest and killing of Christ at a presentation of the Oberaniniergau Passion Play, under direction from the authorities at Berlin. The other persons of the drama at Jerusalem-Peter, Pilate, Magdalene, arid so on-are repeated in figures which are half-realistically German and half-universally themselves; and Mr. Wolfe has, jis it were, evaluated for the purpose ill his [will something of that archetypal nature .which, present in us ail, is peculiarly visible in those latgii significant figures. He attraets me personally by making Pilate intelligent and almost a gentleman. Pilate. has been very badly used by 11°IsticilsittYh-e difficulty of so daring a task -for, like virtue, it remains daring in spite of the number of persons who have, one way and another, attempted to imagine a contemporary Christ-that He must be made so sympathetic that the other side must be made entirely antipathetic. And So they are. Anything less tolerable than Mr. W'olfe's German persecutors can hardly be iniegined. He has excuse, tn the thtngs that happen, yet the result is perhaps good morals rather than the. greatest poetry_ As against this, however, the suggestions of the wandering X are admirably made and some or the lyrical parts are, in my judgment, the best things of their kind that Mr. Wolfe has done.

This is another love that has no need to give or take, to slumber Or 1.0 waken.

It has not motion yet in its intimate speed the source of life itself is overtaken, and it is lavish With all the leisurely passion time cannot ravish.

But perhaps the dramatic parts are more effeetive than the lyric. It would be unfair to rend the poem by quoting thorn; the scene between the German WOlnell and the village idiot is a concentration of a flne indirect kind. It is throughuut an impressive piece of work, werking un the mind of the reader to ineite him to a sense et the tyrannies and persecutions which exist to-day iu_ Europe, and awakening a sense of our owa unnoticed tyrannies and persecutions at home. It is the X, the unknown quantity, the new unmeasurable quality which is present in all human acts, and which once flashed across man's eyes, Will) is here invoked; the thing so certain and so uncertain, the revolutionary rincestral presenee: "neve I been so long with you, and yet haat thou not knows Me, Philip?*

Shorter Notices

Melitth,t.u)en's Library of Humour. B Hilaire Beata.. (Methuen, 2s. 6d. "Punch" Summer Number, 1935. (AA all bookstalls, is.) For the palate that likes salt, here is the best volume yet in this series of pocket-books of humour. Its contents are mostly taken front Caliban's Guide to Letters. Lambkin's Remains (including the Newdigate prize poem on electric light), Mrs. Markham's New History, and the books of 'cautionary tales," ete.,--titles that speak for themselves. It is to be supposed that most of thoen who like the humour of Mr. Belloe are unmoved, except to irritation, by the humour of Punch, which succeeds in keeping up to its own standard and scope with almost monotonous exactitude. This year's summer number is contributed to by Arthur Watts, George Morrow, Ernest Shepherd. Lewis Balmier, eFougasse," and others, atj true to themselves.

Why Marry? By Sybil Neville-Ralik (Faber re. Faber, as. 61.1. net.)

Why are writers of practical handbooks to marriage so unutterably solemn about it all? Mrs. Neville-Rolfe is true to type, and on her showing we can only answer her question teeth indeed?' We cannot recommend t.his book, because it accepts as licit certain practices, such as contraception, whice are unlawful to man. We regret tithe more since Mrs. Neville-Rolfe say:number of true things that need say and repeating.

Captain Cook, Fly Lieutenant-Con

mender Fl. T. Gould. FIN. +Halsey By Ashley Sampson. eDuckWerth, 2s h. enne teaetacyho.i)

,r u m es

.0f the Great Lives series continue to appear with satisfactory regularity. Le-Commander Gould makes a seamanlike job of a great maritime explorer whose name is more familiar than his achievements-the hounds of his navigation were from 711 deg. ai min. N. to 71 deg. 10 min. S. Wolsey was a secular statesman, and la this light Mr. Sampson's sketch of him must he read. He was, indeed, a great politician, who directed England's domestic and foreign relations with consummate skill, as Mr. Sampson sThhEotivelds a BSpiritual Teaching of St. Jobs

Translated by Dorn Basil Wha1a2„ 0.S.3., M.A. (Sands, 6s. net.)

A preliminary study, well translated. of the spirituality of the founder' of the Congregation of Jesus and Mary and of the -Refuge" sisters, xyhote teaching Pere de .inee;tier, S.J , • ■!.:qi:-ti'L.rizes as magnificent,

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