IRELAND'S NEW BISHOP AND ARCHBISHOP Death Of Two Missionaries
From Our Dublin Correspondent
We are entering on an acute dispute on the co3t of living-. Almost all commodities are dearer in the Twenty-Six Counties than across the Border or in England. There are three offsets: Wages are higher here, unemployment is much less, and, generally, the dearer goods are rather better in quality, especially in the case of food, which is less doctored here. So we accept a higher price-level in principle, but the margin is much too big.
It is absurd, for example. that bread should cost Is. in Dublin to 9d. across the Channel—a difference of 33 1-3 per cent. is indefensible. So with many other things, such as boots and clothes and fur niture the increased cost obviously goes far beyond what is justifiable.
A Bill is before the Deli, for the Control
of Prices. 1 est. week, the Minister for Industry and Commerce told the Labour leader that the measure is not devised " to deal with rising prices but with profiteering."
Butter Started It
It is over butter that the first clash has come. Under the Government scheme, we have been paying Is. 3d. a lb. for Irish butter, while it has been exported to
sell at a lower price. We do not cornplain at Is. ad., for it is a fair price that gives the farmers a fair reward. However, the price obtained for exported butter has gone up recently, and the Creamery Managers have proposed to push up the
Irish twice, too. Their Association has advised members to export or store all butter and so keep it off the home market until an increased home price is got.
This amounts to telling the Irish public that it must pay dearer than the foreign public whether the price is just or not.
Dr. Ryan's Advice
Dr. James Ryan, the Minister for Agriculture, has advised the public to refuse to pay more for its butter, and has promised to ensure supplies. No doubt he will reconsider now the deplorable taxation of home-made butter which has driven the best butter (farm butter) out of the market, and has made the creameries monopolists with an inferior article. If we had a vigorous Distributist Society, this wrong would have been checked on principle long ago.
Some of us hoped that Muinntir na Tire would adopt the Distoibutist programme, but its draft constitution, now being cir culated, does not do that. It proposes "raising the standard of life" in the countryside instead—a phrase which implies a different philosophy.
A Political Truce?
The measures to provide for the election of the President of Ireland and the new Senate were debated last week. The Government pleaded for an agreed arrangement. Mr. de Valera confessed that the new Senate, being constituted at the outset on a political vote, cannot be ideal. He hoped that its gradual recruitment in years to come would wean it from its defects; that is to say, that it would develop into a vocational rather than a political body, in fact as well as name.
It was decided to set up an all-party committee of fifteen to strive to reach an agreed form of election.
Certainly, it will be hard to break the habit of party rivalry. If, however, the leaders of all groups will sacrifice even just claims, and forget even just grievances, and make the new Constitution a birthday-gift of a fre,eh, non-partisan staxt in politics, the world will applaud and coming generations bless them.
On the reassembly of the Dail, Mr. William O'Brien, Labour deputy, asked whether the Government would grant an amnesty to political prisoners, seeing that the country now is peaceful.
Mr. de Valera replied that nineteen persons were in custody, and he cited the reasons for their conviction. " It is the Government's duty to preserve the public peace and protect the lives and property of all the citizens," he said. " Whore they are satisfied that the release of a prisoner would be consistent with that duty, they are fully prepared to give his case due consideration."
As the extraordinary tribunal which sentenced these prisoners will lapse with the coming into force of the new Constitution, many people hope that persons sentenced under it will be released by December and the country given a fresh start without any political imprisonment, however it may have been considered necessary.
A Gaelic Bishop
A Gaelic memorial hall was opened in the cathedral town of Longford by the Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise, who commended the foresight of the Gaelic League when it set about the revival of the national culture at a time when all forces were against it. even Nationalist politicians. One of the oldest and noblest civilisations of Europe was the heritage which Gaels had set out to save. and it was that movement which resulted also " in whatever victory we have achieved in the political sphere,
'. Our fathers were robbed of the lands they possessed, and their descendants were reduced to wet's for the stranger on those lands. That, too, we have won back—and that is a wonderful achievement—in the last half-century, and once More the old Gaelic people Of Ireland are settled. to a large extent, on the lands of their fathers.
" We eere robbed of the possession of our Church; the ancient Irish Church, the Catholic Church in Ireland, was robbed of all its possessions and persecuted, and a desperate effort made to extinguish it; but there again our people have, by the grace of God, held on, and within the last century we have seen that Church re-established in almost pristine glory and occupying an honoured place in our newly-liberated land."
That " Blue Lagoon"
There is a bold project to create a marine lake, several hundred acres in extent, at Ciontarf and Dollvmount — along the lovely north side of Dublin bay. There will be a vast expanse for aquatic sports and so forth, if the thing comes to pass. All that is needed is a dam with water gates at the Bull Wall.
Speaking from the broadcasting station, Professor Eoin MacNeill alluded to the scheme and denounced the naniing of the proposed sea-loch " the Blue Lagoon." Under this shoddy name the proposal has received all its publicity. What is the place to be named thus!-Dr. MacNeill asked. Why, the very place where Christian Ireland under Brian met and overthrew the Norsemen in 1014, in one of the world's decisive battles.
Th's vulgarising of historic spots with cheap modern names the Prole-ssor denounced strongly. He was speaking to all the schools of Ireland, and he recalled one of the chief Gaelic classics, The Colloquy of the Ancients. written in the thirteenth century. In that work, Si. Patrick is represented as going round Ireland consecrating churches and inquiring, at every place, for the ancient legend of the spot, which one of the Fenian heroes supplies.
" At the end of the story. the Saint would bless the hero for it and say that it lifted up his mind and heart to hear the like," Dr. MacNeill said, " and all this meant that the best Christians ought to honour the places they knew, even by treasuring the memories of heathen times. My young friends, that is the Irish tradition. In the words of a great Irish historian of the old time, it is the-seen-nos grianach Gartihealach." the sunny old Gaelic way.
Boom in Industry
There are now 10,000 directors of companies in the Twenty-Six Counties, says a correspondent of the Irish Press, and the number is growing by 1,000 a year. There are 2,600 companies, How industry is " booming" was seen last week, when art issue of shares in a great Dublin foundry was over-subscribed ten times within two minutes of opening the list. On 'change, the shares opened at 23s.
A Film Society
The lnish Film Society, which is directed by a number of men of letters, has engaged some remarkable films for the coming season---" Guests of the Nation " Hey-Rup," a Czech satire on big business; a Russian film, and " Nibenlungen Saga" from Germany.
President de Valera has telegraphed to Archbishop Ma.nnix in Melbourne felicitations on his Grace's episcopal jubilee, The Catholic Bulletin for October is given over principally to a series of articles on the late Right Rev. Dr. Magennis, 0.Carrn., whose far-ranging work for religion, country and literature is described from several angles by his friends.
The Most Rev. Dr. Kenealy, 0.M.Cap., titular Archbishop of Ratiaria, is on holidays in Ireland. He was one of Francis Thompson's close friends, and has written his memories of the poet.
Clare Defends Tone
Clare County Council unanimously protested against " the attempt to defame the memory of Theobaid Wolfe Tone "— alluding to the charges which have been mentioned in these columns—and calling on the Government to have Tone's effigy set up on the Nelson Pillar, Dublin.
While a County Council scarcely has the authority of a cecumenical council, a unanimous vote of this kind, in an almost wholly Catholic district, is strong enough evidence of how national opinion esteems the great Protestant champion of Catholic emancipation.
Mgr. Brown Consecrated
M. Michael J. Browne was consecrated at Galway on Sunday, Bishop of Galway and Kilmacduagh, to which office is attached that of Apostolic-Administrator of Kilfenova The Archbishop of Tuam, assisted by the Bishops of Achonry and Killala, was the consecrating prelate.
The newly-consecrated Bishop of Galway—the youngest member of the Irish Hierarchy—will be the guest-of-honour at the 29th annual meeting in the Waldorf Hotel, London, on Tuesday next, October 19, of the Maynooth Union of Irish priests.
Other distioguished visitors will be the