BEFORE long there will be a great
deal of herbaceous rubbish which can be turned into good compost, and the accumulation of leafy crops in late autumn makes it desirable to start a new compost heap.
If we have plenty of room this can be done without turning out our existing supply, and those with large suburban or country gardens usually do try to have several heaps on the go; but if we have only one, we should try to remove the uncooked top layers and use all the properly fermented compost now. The good compost can be spread lightly over the surface between standing crops; but that is not a good way for several reasons. One is that winter-standing crops should be grown hardy and without rich feeding. Another is that it is preferable to give good dressings of compost to limited areas, and work round the garden in rotation, perhaps over several years. Finally, though there is much to be said for using compost as a mulch (on the surface), on most soils it is preferable to dig it lightly into the top few inches to create a good filth.
Therefore we ought to use it to cultivate a vacant patch, preferably One just vacated by roots. Looking forward to next season, We ought to prepare the soil especially for salads, pod crops and onion. The soil in frames and under cloches needs a very great deal of good compost, to help conserve texture and moisture for a succession of crops. Much failure under glass is due to lack of humus in the soil.