by E. J. KING
IT is marvellous to look around at all the fruit blossom now here and shortly to come. We begin to wonder whether a late frost is going to play havoc with it all, or whether this is going to be a bumper year again. It may he that our actions now will influence the subsequent development of our fruit crop.
In the first place it should be said that " browning-off " of promising young shoots in spring is not always due to mist. Frequently it is caused by the tiny maggots of the Winter Moth which hatch out with the first
QUICK LIST People's Colleges. for Residential Adult Education, is a plea for practical educational facilities for every citizen after the age of 14. The Scandinavian countries have some 200 Adult Education Colleges—so why be behind here? (Educational Settlements Association, 6d.) A completely impartial bibliography on the Soviet has been compiled by Philip Grierson. and is entitled Books on Soviet Russia. 1917-1942. Cursorily looking through the lists most of the Catholic works (even pamphlets) appear to have been included in this exhaustive and useful volume. (Methuen, 12s. 6d.) They now try to destroy the mind of Poland, do the Nazis. They have scourged the body till it lies apparently dead, but the sou/ lives on. In pails of the country the intellectual classes have been wiped out, literature and art have gone, records, archives and the rest are ashes. A new barbaric " kidtile " is meant to supplant them, as is graphically told in the tragic story, Murder of a Nation. by G. M. Codden (Burns, Oates. 2s. 6d.).
Man: the Forgotten, by F. J. Sheed is racy philosophy, easy for the man in the train to put into his pipe and smoke. Just a sample of Steed teaching and pleasing at the sane time: " Whichever of os has some high explosive left at the end will win the war: hut he will not have won the argument: there will not evert have been an argument: an exchange of prejudices is no more an aigument than an exchange of high teplosive." ICs all to do with Man, that forgotten component of Society.; we melse grandiose schemes for the latter, both the Nazis and we. But just let's get this right : what is this Man that composes the Society we fashion a Ileum for? iSheed and Ward, Is.)
Wordsworth in U.S.A.
A signed manuscript of William Wordsworth's poem to his daughter, " Stan,tas sent to a Girl of Thirteen on the Morning After the Longest Day. Having been Composed on the Preceding Evening," has been presented to Bro. A. Victor, president of Manhattan College. by Christian A. Zabriski, of New York. It has been put into the rare book collection of Cardinal Hayes Library. the Manhattan College library.
Dated " Rydale, September 5, 1817," the manuscript is written on the five opening pages of a "friendship album" of Elizabeth Watson, of Colgarth Park, Windermere.
warm days in the opening bud as these are small they are often overlooked, although they will quickly make the whole tree look frost-bitten. The main preventive of these is the use of sticky bands round the tree to trap the mother moths from October onwards. Now we can adopt eleventhhour methods with these, and at the same time take timely measures for other fruit tree pests by spraying with a general insecticide and fungicide just before the fruit tree buds finally open (in the pink-bud stage for apples), and again just after the petals drop.
For real frost protection there isn't much We can do to the bigger trees, but with the vital and homely softfruits such as gooseberries, currants and strawberries we can do a lot by covering the plants with newspaper when frost is likely. IF it comes at this season, frost will probably come on a still, windless night when there are few
or no clouds. The paper must be taken off next morning, and can all be salvaged. Many gardeners have saved their fruit this way during the rasher tricky springs of the past two years. We remember how quickly the fruits swell when they are formed, and we must encourage this by copious waterings with very weak liquid manure of a nitrogenous character. The necessary potash is given at another season to encourage the initial formation of flowei and fruit rather than to fatten it up.
THIS IS OUR BATTLE
Gardeners have always plenty to cope with in April, but our share in the anti-submarine warfare gives us the further responsibility of providing plenty of food for winter by our present efforts. We are requested somewhat urgently to have an abundance of green vegetables during the winter ; many of us, unfortunately, may be tempted by the thought of our present glut of greens to grow fewer during the coming season. No. at least one-third of our cropping should consist of green vegetables puiely for winter, even if this is mote than we usually consume. You never know, and we must be prepared. A few plants of several kinds will give not a glut hut it succession.
Most greens are obtained by April sowing. Early Market cabbage sown now will give is plants for autumn. White King and Autumn Giant cauliflowers well give a succession. Thc former is good for suecession if sown on a few occasions. Eveshstru Special or Wroxton is a good choice for Brussels sprouts. Christmas Drumhead is a splendid kind of cabbage for early and mid-winter, to be followed by savoys
Beet of Al! and Latest of All. Curly kale, Cottagers kale, and Asparagus kale are excellent reserves coming forward in succession. One or other of the self-protecting hearting broccoli may be grown. but everyone should try the excellent Nine-Star perennial hearting broccoli which yields throughout April and May, and also the hardy sprouting purple broccoli. Further greenstuffs are obtained from the spring cabbage crop, which is obtained by sowing Early Market cabbage in July and August.
To effect economy, club together with a few neighbours for the purchase of your grecnstuff seeds. One packet of each will provide enough for quite a few gardens.