By MAUREEN HEVEY
I WAS discussing recently careers in the Hospital Service with sixth form boys and girls, and I was impressed by their interest in nursing. They thought, however, that the publicity given about the profession was inadequate. I was pleased to be able to give them some of the information they wanted, and a list of the various sources from which they could obtain more.* Here are a few of the questions I was asked, and my answers.
What is a nurse?
The following definition was accepted by the International Council of Nurses at Frankfurt in 1965: The Nurse is a person who has completed a programme of basic nursing education, and is qualified and authorised in her country to supply the most responsible service of a nursing nature for the promotion of health, the prevention of illness and the care of the sick.
What is a State Registered Nurse (SRN)?
This training course is open to men and women and is taken at hospitals with ap proved nurse training schools. It covers all the aspects of nursing—practical, theoretical and scientific.
What are the mMirnum edurational qualificathms required of a student nurse?
(a) At least five years' fulltime education, since the age of 11, with two passes at '0' level in the GCE or GCE Grade I examinations, one of which must be in English (or Welsh) Language; or in English Literature or Welsh; or in History. In this time at !east five additional subjects df general education must have been studied or (b) In no specified period have obtained three GCE '0' level in the GCE or CSE passes. one subject to be one of those mentioned in (a) above, or (c) A pass in the General Nursing Council's Educational Test. Some hospitals require a higher standard.
How do I become a State Enrolled Nurse (SEN)?
This is a two-year course in practical bedside nursing. A good general education is required for entry. The qualifying test. taken towards the end of training, is mainly practical with a minimum of theory. This career is of special interest to girls contemplating early marriage and to older women wishing to take up a career when their families are grown up.
I am considering Psychiatric Nursing. What course is necessary to become a Registered Mental Nurse (RMN)?
This is a three-year course, open to men or women at hospitals with approved nurse training schools. The minimum educational standards are as for SRN and SEN.
Is training available at special hospitals?
Broadmoor, Rampton and Moss Side Hospitals offer psychiatric nurse training.
What training is necessary to become a Registered Nurse for the Mentally Subnormal ( RM NS)?
This is a three-year course which calls for sympathetic understanding of children, and of adults who have a simple childlike mentality.
I should like to nurse sick children.
To become a Registered Sick Children's Nurse (RSCN) a three-year course is taken at specialised hospitals approved as nurse training schools. Some experience in sick children's nursing is also included in the SRN and SEN training courses.
What is the age of entzty?
Pupils and students must be eighteen years for general, psychiatric or sick children's nursing in England and Wales.
What Specialised Courses of Nursing are there?
Ophthalmic. This is an eighteen months' course and students may commence training at the age of 17 years.
Orthopaedic. Entry to the one-year-eight-months' training for the Orthopaedic Nursing Certificate is from age 17, with educational requirements as for student nurse training.
Thoracic. Entry for this course is from 17-1-. It is a two-year course and is given in a number of chest hospitals. A good general education is necessary.
How do I become a State Certified Midwife (SCM)?
This profession is not open to men. Courses arc taken at a hospital approved for midwifery training, and are of varying length.
Are there other schemes of training?
Yes. Other schemes of training are conducted by arrangement between hospitals and universities, colleges and local health authorities. Information concerning these schemes may be obtained from: Mrs. K. M. Bennett, S.R.N.,
Nursing Hospital Careers Information Centre, 121123 Edgware Road, London, W.2, What are the Training Allowances and Salaries?
An allowance is paid during training and this allowance rises annually.
How long are the holidays?
Pupils and student nurses get four weeks' paid holiday every year.
There are also special guest houses run very inexpensively for nurses; there are, for example, two Edith Cavell Homes of Rest for Nurses, one in the Lake District where it costs only five guineas weekly, and one at Haslemere where the charge is six guineas. After qualification the nurse has a great variety of posts to choose from in hospital, the community and industry.
Advice on post-qualification courses may be obtained from The Royal College of Nursing, where a variety of courses are conducted.
*Sources 01 information The information given above was obtained from the Nursing and Hospital Careers Information Centre, 8 Leake Street, London, S.E.1. Further details and advice can be had from your Careers Officer, if you are still at school, from your local office of the Department of Employment and Productivity, from the Matron or Principal Nursing Officer at a local hospital, or from the Nursing Officer of the Regional Hospital Boards, whose addresses are:
BIRMINGHAM: Arthur Thomson House, 146-150 Hagley Road, Birmingham 16.
EAST ANGLIAN: Union Lane, Chesterton, Cambridge CB4 1PU.
LEEDS: Park Parade, Harrogate, Yorks.
LIVERPOOL: 6th Floor, Wilberforce House,The Strand, Liverpool L2 7RW.
'LONDON: N.E. Metropolitan, NW. Metropolitan, S.W. Metropolitan, 40 Eastbourne Terrace, London W.2; S.E. Metropolitan,Randolph House, 46-48 Wellesley Road, Croydon CR9 3QA.
MANCHESTER: Gateway House, Piccadilly South, Manchester M60 7LP.
NEWCASTLE: Ben field
Road. Walker Gate, Newcastle upon '1 yne NE6 4PY.
OXFORD: Old Road,Headington, Oxford OXF 7LF.
SHEFFIELD: Fulwood House, Old Fulwood Road, Sheffield SIO 3111 SOUTH WESTERN: 27 Tyndall's Park Road, Bristol BS8 1PJ.
WESSEX: Highcroft, Ramsey Road, Winchester.
WELSH HOSPITAL BOARD: Temple of Peace and Health, Cathays Park, Cardiff CF1 3 NW.