Reviewed by BERNARD PRENTLS
IN Face of Fear, surely one of the year's most rousing and timely books, is a detailed and well documented case far one
part of " Michael Scott's Challenge to South Africa " the subtitle.
In fact the Rev. Michael Scott, constituting himself the champion at the African in Africa, challenges not only the Union but the British Government also to stand by its pledges and solemn engagements to the native peoples.
Furthermore he challenges the United Nations to effective action and all Christians, each in their own environment and to the extent of their political power, to stand wholeheartedly and fearlessly for true Christian brotherhood.
The Minister of the Interior recently gave notice in the Union Parliament of the Bill which is to implement the policy of apartheid, and the question of the transfer of
the British protectorates of Bechuanaland, Swaziland and Basutoland has recently been opened by Dr. Malan, The problem of native and European relations in Africa is therefore much in the air. So is much of the comment on these moves.
In Face of Fear, dealing specifically with South-West Africa the former German colony administered under mandate of the League of Nations by the Union of South Africa-gives all the facts from the spoint of view of the disposed Africans it: regard 'to the question of the ultimate absorption of this territory into the Union and deals in particular with the great tribe of the Hereros. The story of the spoliation of this "cattle rich people" is told from the beginning of White settlement in South Africa. It is not till the story has been brought up to 1946, and 120 pages of the 218 have passed, that the Rev. Michael Scott cOmes into the story at all. A brief but authentic account of his life up to that time is given in chapter 10 with a fuller story of his intervention in the anti-lndian riots in Durban in 1946. in the scandal of the Tobruk shanty town on the outskirts of Johannesburg, and a mention of his famous report on farm labour conditions in Bethel which stirred all South Africa.
The story of the Hereros' fight against incorporation into the Union, and their demands for land and the re-uniting of their tribe esome live in the British protectorate of Bechuanaland. of Seretse Khama fame) is taken up again in chapter II when Scott becomes the accredited but haunted. if not hunted, representative and spokesman of the disposed and oppressed Africans with U.N.0.
The author. who frankly states that no attempt has been made to give the Government's well publicised side of the question. has made a first-class story as well as a telling case against the Union and in favour of the demands of the Hereros.
She it. a friend of Michael Scott and had access to all his papers. This book is, for all its preoccupation with one African tribe. a book of as universal appeal and relevance as the text which inspired the title : " Perfect love casteth out fear."