84: GRANADA, on towards the baroque.
SPANISH baroque is a very different thing from Italian baroque. Spanish seventeenth
C en tur y Catholicism, unaffected by the humanism of the Italian Renaissance. remained intemperate, violent and very much on the defensive against any possible inroads from northern Protestantism. While the fires of the Counter Reformation died down to glowing embers elsewhere. in Spain they were continuously banked and gave forth the fiercest flames. All the religious arts. especially architecture, reflect this mood and the decoration of churches
in particular is planned to take the onlooker by surprise and to give him a compelling visual shock.
Granada cathedral (1528-63) is one of the grandest of southern Spain's Renaissance churches. The piers of the nave are faced with the classic orders and the Renaissance tombs of Ferdinand and Isabella, who rescued Granada from the Moors, are housed in a magnificent Gothic chapel. Gothic forms, Moorish fantasy and Renaissance solemnity all mingle in Granada's cathedral.
Iris Con lay