Page 11, 16th September 1938

16th September 1938
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Page 11, 16th September 1938 — While Partition Lasts Can Ireland
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From Our Own Correspondent

IMMENSE INTEREST WAS ROUSED BY THE NEWS THAT MR. DE VALERA, WHEN PASSING THROUGH LONDON ON HIS WAY TO GENEVA, MET SIR THOMAS INSKIP.

The relations of Ireland with Britain, in respect of defence, must have been discussed, and no subject of greater import to the two islands exists.

Those relations hinge upon the supreme, or rather only, grievance of the Irish nation—the partition of our territory and population; so the unity of Ireland must have been talked of, too.

With war threatening, an Irish settlement ought to be recognised by Englishmen as urgent and vital. Without such a settlement, God alone knows what the outbreak of war would bring to the nations which inhabit these isles.

Mr. de Valera spent a few hours in Lisieux on his way through France. He was accompanied by members of his family and his private secretary. He visited the famous new basilica as well as several other places of interest.

WHAT HAS BECOME OF HABEAS CORPUS? Eamonn Donnelly the Test

In this grave posture of events, it is disquieting to hear that the Six-County Government (which is subordinate to the Government at Westminster) has ordered Mr. Eamonn Donnelly, the well-known member of the executive of Mr. de Valera's party, to quit his home at Newry and leave the area controlled by that Government.

No one alleges that Mr. Donnelly has committed or contemplates any breach of the peace.

The party to which he belongs is a strictly constitutional party—as constitutional as the Tory or Liberal party in England. His personal record is blameless. His opinions are disliked by Stormont, so he must leave his home and native district on penalty of jail.

Are the people of the Six Counties Irish citizens? If so, by what authority are elementary rights denied them? Are they British citizens? if so, why are they denied liberty of the person? Is habeas corpus a dead letter under the Union Jack?

No enemy of England could do more injury to her throughout the Irish world than those who uphold in the Six Counties the doctrine of olden times and the Penal Age, that a native Irishman has no rights.

Perhaps I have said enough on this subject; but I could say more. I could tell of fires of indignation that have been fanned by the treatment accorded to inoffensive Eamonn Donnelly—fires that wilt spread wide if the wrong is not righted quickly. Local Government authorities throughout the South are passing resolutions of protest against what is happening in Unrecovered Ireland.

I am guessing very wide of the mark if Mr. de Valera was silent on this subject in his talk with Sir Thomas Inskip.

Missionary Ireland

A palatial new College of the Chinese Missions is to be built in County Meath, on an eminence that looks across a few green fields to royal Tara Hill. The Cardinal Primate will lay the foundation stone next Sunday.

At present, students for the famous Maynooth Mission to China are housed at Dalgan Park, on the Galway-Mayo border, in army huts. At Dowdstown, the new foundation, they will have every facility for study and devotion in the most favourable conditions. I saw the foundations last year—you would think that you were viewing the excavations for the Maginot line, so spacious and thorough was the engineering.

About 150 students will be housed in the building now to be erected, but the complete structure will be one of the mighty religious houses of Western Europe,

De La Salle Brothers' Jubilee

"We are not extreme Nationaltsts. We are patriots in the Catholic sense of the word—true to our own country, loving our own country, but hating nobody. Patriotism that is founded on hate is not patriotism at all, and it is not nationalism."

So said Rev. Brother Brendan, Provincial, at the jubilee celebrations of the De La Salle Brothers in Castlebar.

The town was en Me in honour of this splendid teaching Order, which is so dear to Irishmen both for its good work in Irish education today and because the children of the " Wild Geese," the noble exiles of the Penal days, were taught in De La Salle schools on the Continent.

Fr. G. J. Prendergast, P.P., of Ballyhaunis, recalled how St. John Baptist de La Salle supervised the education of our exiles.

'THE DANCE HALLS Eminent Jesuit Recommends Parish Committees

That eminent leader in social reform, Rev. R. S. Devane, S.J., has addressed a long communication to the newspapers on the curse of the modern dance halls. He cites statements by the Archbishop of Tuam, the Bishop of Achonry, DistrictJustice Goff, District-Justice Kenny, and other authorities, which reveal the demorali sation of the countryside attendant on the jazz craze.

If a journalist wrote as his own what the Galway Hospital Committee states concerning the loss of Irish traditions of chastity, he would be denounced as unpatriotic, un-Catholic, Puritanical, and so forth; but Fr. Devane gives chapter and verse and does not connive at evil by suppressing news of it, Surely this is the true course of patriotism—to face, denounce and combat demoralisation.

" As regards future legislation," the noted Jesuit writes, " I would suggest that the foundation of the organisation of rural Ireland could be laid by the legal setting up of parish committees elected by the heads of families, as in Portugal, whose primary and immediate function would be to deal with the conditions for the licensing of public dance halls, and whose powers could be later on extended till they embraced those similar to parish councils in England and Portugal.

" An ad hoc Bill along these lines could be drafted without difficulty; and once the parish committee was established it would be easy to extend the ambit of its powers at a later date and after a thorough examination of the problem of rural organisation."

Tertiaries to Hold National Congress

With the co-operation of the Franciscan Fathers, Merchants' Quay, and the Capuchin Fathers, Church Street, Dublin, the first Joint National Congress of members of the Third Order of St. Francis will be held in Dublin on Sunday, October 9. Over 4,000 Tertiaries from all over Ireland are expected to be present, says the Irish Catholic..

A paper will be read by Professor W. F. Stockley on " The Third Order and the Individual." To this paper Rev. C. O'Neill, C.C., Belfast, and Mrs. McCullough, Dublin, will reply.

The second paper, to be read by Professor A. O'Rahilly, the eminent Corkman, will deal with " The Third Order and Society." Very Rev. T. Waters, P.P., Oran, Co. Roscommon, and Mr. James McQuane, President of the Limerick Trades Council, will reply.

I expect this event to be one of the biggest of the Irish year; for our Tertiaries are numerous and earnest, and the Franciscan tradition is knit into Irish life and history like the nerves in a body.

The Irish Princes of old used to be buried in the habit of Tertiaries, and popular education under the free Gaelic civilisation was conducted very largely by the Third Order.

Who Destroyed Parnell?

Among the veterans of Irish nationalism none lives more honoured by just men than Captain Henry Harrison, 0.B.E., M.C., who was secretary to Parnell nearly fifty years ago. This patriot has published one more book on his old chief, " in further and

final vindication is entitled Parnell, Joseph Chamberlain and Mr. Garvin (London: Robert Hale, 10s, 6d. net).

The theme of Captain Harrison's new book is the distortion of history of Mr. Garvin in his biography of Chamberlain. According to Captain Harrison, Joseph Chamberlain broke with Gladstone, not through a conscientious objection to Irish autonomy, as Mr. Garvin contends, but unscrupulously. He exploded the scandal of Parnell's adultery—prompted O'Shea to take the famous action—and so brought down the leader of the Irish cause. His motive was simply to make Gladstone unpopular and to capture the. premiership for himself, though he failed in his object. No doubt, Captain Harrison makes a convincing case. He does prove, what Mr. Garvin does not make clear, that the

English political chiefs were well aware of Parnell's adultery long before the case came into court. In other words, there was general silence or connivance. However, that does not alter the truth that Parnell lived in adultery and so dragged his nation's fortunes down with himself for the sake of something squalid and heinous. Had he refrained from this evil thing, no such plot as is attributed to Chamberlain could have succeeded. Parnell loaded the weapon that destroyed him, and it does not seem so important who pulled the trigger or at what precise moment the thing that Parnell invited was done, • Who destroyed Parnell? — Primarily, Parnell.

The Abbey Theatre

On the retirement of Mr. Hugh Hunt, the noted poet, Mr. F. R. Higgins, has been appointed manager of the Abbey Theatre. Though not a Catholic, Mr. Higgins loves the people and the people's Ireland. " With those bawneen men I'm one," he says in one of his best poems.




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