Religious Situation in Italy Contrasted with that of Germany
Front Our Own Correspondent The reshuffle in the Italian Cabinet, according to Fascist custom, is considered after due reflection at the Vatican to indicate a " no change " policy as regards Italian relations between Church and State. On minor issues, the changes are viewed with optimism.
It is noted here that the hundred per cent. pro-Fascist and extremely proGerman paper, Tevere, on the very day after the reshuffle published a long article praising Pius xirs Pontificate and hie Encyclical. The article commented on what the Pope has done for Italy in order to destroy the impression created in some foreign circles that the Encyclical was anti-Italian.
Relations between Church and State are to-day so solidly based that only bad will, of which there is no sign, could imperil them.
FRICTION BETWEEN CATHOLICS
Actually what friction there is arises elsewhere —as between the Catholic elements in Italy that are strongly proFascist and those who still look back to the Popular Party which organised Catholics before the advent of Mussolini. Both groups claim to be following the true principles of Catholicity, but are uncertain whether their opponent is.
In this respect the most pro-Fascist group stand out in terong contrast with the Nazis in Germany, where the party is against Christianity while their critics are for it.
LOCAL AFFAIR ONLY
It would be a mistake, furthermore, to think that this division among Catholics is creating a political or spiritual division among Italians. The whole affair is of a local nature and, as it stands to-day, does not create a national issue. It could be compared to a squabble on certain definite points among members of the same family who. nevertheless, are united in everything but these points. Spiritually, the division is even Ices visible, for both groups do not discuss in the least the principles of the Church but solely administrative matters of minor importance.
Here again there is a distinct difference between the religious situation in Italy and that in Germany. The Vatican has shown its goodwill to solve controversies with both countries, and in Italy's case the result was successful, while in Germany it was not. This only proves that a solution was possible. The Vatican was not more severe with Germany than with Rabe so the Reich alone is to blame.