HE Sacred College of Cardinals will meet in conclave in just over a week's time, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon of Saturday, October 25, to begin the process of electing the man who will succeed Pope Pius XII as Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of the Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church, Patriarch of the West, Primate of Italy, Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province, and Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City.
In the morning, Cardinal Tisserant, the 74-year-old Dean of the Sacred College, will celebrate Mass for his fellow Cardinals, invoking the assistance and inspiration of the Holy Ghost for the election. Mgr. Bacci, the Secretary of Briefs to Princes. will then give the traditional address de eligendo Pontifice (on choosing a Pontiff) in which the Cardinals are reminded of their duties and responsibilities in the election of a Pope.
Mgr. Callori di Vignale, Pope Pius XII's Maestro di Camera, has been appointed Governor of the Conclave by the General Congregation. It is his duty to superintend admittance to the conclave, which, after the entry of the Cardinals, each accompanied by two attendants, is completely sealed off from the outside world.
Prince Sigismondo Chigi is to be Marshal of the Conclave, a privilege that by tradition belongs to his family.
At present there are 55 Cardinals, with 15 vacancies in the Sacred College. Thirteen Cardinals — the Cardinals in Curia — are normally resident in Rome: they .are Cardinals Tisserant, Micara, Piz2ardo, Masella, Tedeschini, Fumasoni Biondi, Agagianian, Costantini, Cicognani, Valeri, Ciriaci, Canali, and Ottaviani. Of these, Cardinal Costantini, who is still recovering from his operation three weeks ago, is nevertheless expected to take part in the conclave.
Meanwhile, since the Pope's death, Cardinals resident outside Rome have been arriving to take part in the funeral ceremonies and the conclave. Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York, who was returning to America with the U.S. pilgrims whom thc Pope received Ill audience shortly before his final illness, landed at the Azores and flew hack to Rome,
Cardinal Arteaga y Betancourt, Archbishop of Havana, Cuba, arrived on Saturday as did Cardinal Gilroy, Archbishop of Sydney, Australia. On Monday Cardinal Ldger, Archbishop of Montreal, Canada, arrived in Rome, together with Cardinal Wendel, Archbishop of Munich and Freising, Germany. Cardinal Roncalli, Patriarch of Venice, Cardinal della Costa. Archbishop of Florence, and Cardinal McIntyre, Archbishop of Los Angeles.
Expected on Tuesday was Cardinal Arriba y Castro, Archbishop of Tarragona, the first of the three Spanish Cardinals to arrive. Cardinal Grente, Bishop of Le Mans, France, left for Rome on Monday evening, Two Cardinals who, it is certain, will not be able to take part in the conclave are Cardinal Mindszenty, Archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary, who has been confined to the American Legation in Budapest ever since the suppression of the October Rising, and Cardinal Stepinac. Archbishop of Zagreb. Yugoslavia, who is confined to his native village of Krasic, 40 miles from Zagreb, and who is reported to have become acutely depressed since hearing of the Pope's death.
No Cardinal has yet, however, given official notice of his inability to attend the conclave.
Cardinal Wyszynski, Primate of Poland, has been granted a passport and is expected to leave Warsaw for Rome today (Friday). He will be the only Cardinal from behind the Iron Curtain present at the election of the new Pope.
It is likely that illness will prevent two Cardinals from travelling to Rome. Cardinal Tien, the exiled Archbishop of Peking, who is at present in Germany, has not yet recovered from the severe injuries he received in a recent motor accident; and 92-year-old Cardinal Caro Rodriguez, Archbishop of Santiago, Chile, is not expected to be well enough to make the journey.