Nuremburg Congress Held No Surprise
Art, Architecture and Racial Ideology
Hitler's Hobby " Systematic Breeding of a New Man "
THE SURPRISE OF THIS YEAR'S CONGRESS AT NUREMBURG WAS—THAT THERE WAS NO SURPRISE.
There was nothing new in the sixty speeches by two and a half dozen leaders, except perhaps in the address by No. i Nazi philosopher, Herr Rosenberg, who, by some abstruse reckoning, claimed to have discovered that the German nation had in the place of original sin original nobility.
That does not mean, of course, that the Congress was not an immensely interesting and colourful spectacle. The art of organising monster parades, of handling of massed millions and of doing it with an almost absolute discipline and order has been developed in the Third Reich to its highest degree. .
From Our German Correspondent Again, the blue Cathedral of light, produced by hundreds of air-defence lightreflectors, has been the main attraction of a nocturnal ceremony where 140,000 " political leaders " (i.e., local officers) of the Nazi Party, with 32,000 banners, were addressed by Herr Hitler in the presence
of 100,000 spectators. Again, hundreds of thousands of oaths of allegiance to Herr Hitler have been sworn. Again, the army, the police, the Labour Service, the Labour Front, the Hitler Youth, the Nazi Women's Organisation, etc., had to contribute something spectacular to the Congress programme.
Some of those rites make up a real new liturgy, and religious terms such as faith, God, eternity were pronounced in abundance.
If we wanted to prove how far the Pope was right in the Encyclical Mit Brennender Sorge about the systematical misuse of the religious terminology in the Nazi movement, the Nuremburg Congress supplied a number of striking
Three Important Points Neither Hitler's solemn " proclamation," which obviously corresponds to a Royal Message draa Thicatle Speech in monarchical countries, nor his fourteen or fifteen speeches contained anything, that -the world did not know. already. As far as Germany's foreigtf,policy is concerned. there were only three statements which were of some interest.
1. Germany maintains her intention of creating an anti-Bolshevist Front. Her friendship and co-operation with Italy and Japan are justified by anti-Bolshevist considerations.
2. Hitler reiterates Germany's claim to colonies.
3. Hitler declares that the Treaty of Versailles is dead.
Point three is mainly rhetorical. The most important clauses of the Versailles Treaty were those which created new frontiers and gave German territory to France, Belgium, Denmark, Poland and Czechoslovakia. As far as the geographical map of Europe is concerned, the Treaty of Versailles is certainly not " dead." As far as the payment of reparations and many other points are concerned, it was " dead" long before Hitler came to power.
The principal " achievement " of the Nazi Government was Germany's rearmament, i.e., the " killing " of the disarmament clauses of the Versailles Treaty. Owing to Herr Hitler's policy Germany has now a strong army, a strong navy and a strong air force, but on the other hand all possible enemies of the Reich have been busy as well in increasing their armament budgets, so that it is very doubtful whether Germany is safer today than she was under the Democratic regime.
Breeding a New Man
Adolf Hitler's two special hobbies, the race doctrine and his ideas on architecture and art, were given more prominence than in any previous Nazi Congress. Hitler is very proud of what he calls " the systematic breeding of a new man," in other words the racial ideology and racial legislation of the Third Reich.
On the other hand, he spent more than an hour in explaining to the world his ideas on art, which are rather foggy. He announced the advent of more and bigger buildings which are to remain standing for thousands of years and which will be erected in Nuremburg as well as in Berlin, Munich and Hamburg.
For the first time the German National Prize for Art and Science, created as a surrogate for the Nobel Prize which German citizens are no longer allowed to accept, has been awarded. " In a symbolic way" it was given, first of all, to the architect Troost who died three years ago. He had built the Brown House and had designed the plans for the other buildings of the Nazi Party in Munich. Adolf Hitler liked him very much, although most experts did not believe that Herr Troost's talents were much above the average.
Three National Prizes of 100,000 marks (0,500) each have been awarded by Herr Hitler for 1937. The first was given to Alfred Rosenberg, the " philosopher " of the Nazi Party, the second divided between Professor Bier and Professor Sauerbrueh, two famous men of medicine. and the th;rd falls to the g:ographer and explorer, Wilhelm Filchner.
Alfred Rosenberg was called by Dr. Goebbels " the man who has contributed in an extraordinary measure to creating and consolidating by science and intuition the world conception of National Socialism. An article in the Viilkischer Beobachter calls him " the philosophical shield-bearer of the Fiihrer."
In Nuremburg Rosenberg was the object of more honours than any other Nazi leader except Hitler himself. He delivered seven speeches, while even the loquacious Dr. Goebbels was only allowed five.
In each of his speeches there were new attacks on the Christian Churches which he described as " powers of the past" which have lost their former importance and cannot be allowed to have any influence on the education of German youth. They have shown their weakness because they were unable to prevent Bolshevism from making progress.
In our days, declared Rosenberg, National Socialism has become the Lord Protector (Schirmherr) of Europe.
It is true that Rosenberg, did not only criticise the Christian Churches but also certain neopagan sects. Ile did not call them by their names, but obviously General Ludendorff and his " German God " were mainly in his mind. National-Socialism, said Rosenberg, has no need to accept recommendations from outside. " The National-Socialist Party is not only our political and social, but also our spiritual home."
Rosenberg went also into theological matters and condemned categorically the Christian doctrine of the original sin. " The German Nation," he proclaimed pathetically, " has no original sin, but an original nobility."