JUNE JUNE 15
Gas Fatalities At Blast Furnace
Four men were fatally gassed while working on a new blast-furnace plant in process of erection at Corby, Northants. Ten other men were also injured by fumes,
but not seriously aflected. One of the men was wedged high up in the tube and was first affected, anothcr making a desperate, but vain, climb of sixty feet within a tube to reach him and losing his own life in the attempt. An inquiry is being held.
Road Casualties Up
Road casualties during May were the highest so far recorded this year, the total of 22,693 being 1,693 up on last May and 5,487 as
compared with April. Deaths totalled 584, as compared with 504 last May and 462 in April, 1937. Factors affecting this rise were the London 'bus strike and the number of vehicles consequent upon that and the Coronation celebrations.
King's Birthday Celebrated
The King's birthday actually falls on December 14, but was officially celebrated on June 9. Huge crowds assembled to watch the Trooping of the Colour on Horse Guards Parade and the King riding back to Buckingham Palace at the head of the troops. Official dinners were given to celebrate the occasion by Mr. Anthony Eden at the Foreign Office, who entertained some fifty diplomats and members of the government, and the Lord Chamberlain (Lord Cromer) at St. James's Palace, as well as the Lord Steward (the Duke of Buccleugh) and the Master of the Horse (the Duke of Beaufort).
Welsh Pit Explosion
Two men were killed and four gravely injured in a pit explosion at Jubilee Pit, Cynuner, Rhondda. Gas is believed to have reached the section where they were working, but the cause is still uncertain and an inquiry is to be held. A hundred and fifty men were working in another part of the pit, but knew nothing of the explosion. Working is shortly to be resumed in the pit, which employs 800 men.
Lord Glenravel, better known to many as Sir Arthur Shirley Benn, has died at the .age of 78. A director of the International Chamber of Commerce since its inception and a well-known figure in the commercial world, he had an intimate knowledge of Imperial and American conditions and sat in the House of Commons as a Conservative almost without a break from 1910 to 1935.
Professor Stocks, Vice-Chancellor of Liverpool University, has died at Swansea, aged 54. He had previously had a distinguished career at Manchester University and was an active wesker for adult education and peace. He was Labour candidate for Oxford University in 1935. Sir Cecil Hanbury, M.P. for North Dorset, who has died at the age of 66, had represented that division since 1924. He was awarded the Order of the Crown of Italy for his charitable works there.
Polling took place at Glasgow (Hillhead) on June 10 and Buckingham on June 11. The results were:
Hillhead J. S. C. Reid (Cons.) .. .. 12,539
G. McAllister (Lab.) .. 6,202 J. McCormick (Scot. Nat.) .. 1,886 D. J. Black (Ind.) 221 Cons. majority .. 6,337 Previous Cons. majority 9,801
Major J. P. Whiteley (Cons.) 17,919
Col. J. V. Delahaye (Lab.) ..
E. J. Boyce (Lib.) 12,820 3,348 Cons. majority .. 5,099 Previous Cons. majority .. 5,688
Plymouth (Drake) polled on June 15. a Conservative victory being anticipated. No fresh candidatures have appeared in the other contests. Polling at Hemel Hempstead and Cheltenham takes place on June 22, the Cheltenham Conservative vote being split and a Labour candidate being also in the field. Bewdley, where there is a straight fight between a Liberal and Conservative, polls on June 24.
There is another vacancy for North Dorset, caused by the death of Sir Cecil Hanbury. In 1935 there was a Conservative majority of 3;184 over the Liberal, followed by Independent and Labour candidates.
Garter Service Held
The first Garter Service for 23 years has taken place at Windsor Castle. For the first time in the Order's history two Queens were present, the Queen and Queen Mary. They sat with the 24 Knights Companions, 3 Royal Knights and the Sovereign. A State luncheon was afterwards given by the King.
A passenger steamer, the Royal Archer, was involved in a collision in the Thames Estuary last Saturday and her 120 passengers had to he taken off, as was also the case with the passengers of the Ulster ship.. Duke of Lancaster, which went aground off the Point of Ayre (Isle of Man). The Danish ship Victoria capsized off Spurn Head, but not before everyone on board had been safely taken off.
Russian Military Leaders Condemned to Death
The Supreme Russian Court has condemned to death for treason and espionage on behalf of a foreign power eight well known Soviet military leaders. Marshal Tukhachevsky was formerly Assistant Commissar for Defence and General Yakir commanded the Ukraine forces. General Uborcvitch defeated the Wrangel and Denikin forces after the Great War and General Feldman was chief of personnel of the Red Army. General Kork was formerly in charge of the Moscow garrison and General Primakoff of Kharkov, while Eidemann was president of the Osoviachim, the society for chemical and aeronautical experiment. General Putna is well-known in London, where he was Military Attache until recently. All are said to have pleaded guilty and confessed. The trial was held in camera and the death sentence was subsequently carried out.
A great sensation was caused in Moscow by this trial and it is thought to be but the forerunner of many more.
Diplomatic Activity in Balkans
Baron von Neurath, the German Foreign Minister, has just concluded a round of official visits to Belgrade, Athens, Sofia and Budapest. In Belgrade M. Stoyadinovitch, the Jugoslav Premier, was given the Order of Merit of the German Eagle by Baron von Neurath. His visit was, however, to some extent marred by anti-German popular demonstrations and anxiety as regards Yugoslav debts frozen in Germany was visible, as was also the case in Bulgaria. But cordial communiqu6s were issued everywhere. M. Hodza, the Czech Premier, has just visited Bucharest and is at present on a yacht on the Danube with M. Stoyadinovitch, the Jugoslav Premier. and M. Antonescu, the Rumanian Foreign Minister. Col, Beck and President Moscicki of Poland are on a short return visit to Bucharest, while in North-Eastern Europe Lord Plymouth, Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, and M. Sandler, the Swedish Premier, have been in the three Baltic capitals on journeys of goodwill.
Sir Robert Borden Dead
Sir Robert Borden, Canadian Premier during the Great War and famous Empire statesman, has died in Ottawa, aged 82. A Conservative leader, he had in later years stood outside and above party strife and his name had become almost legendary in Canadian politics. Ill-health caused him to relinquish the Premiership in 1919, but he represented Canada at the Washington Conference of 1921 and on the Council of the League of Nations subsequently. He
was in England for the last lime in 1936, on his way to the Vimy ceremony. The State funeral was attended by immense crowds and a notable tribute was paid by Mr. Chamberlain at the Imperial Conference.
Free State Election
Mir. De Valera has announced in the Dail that a General Election will be held on July 1 in the Free State. The Dail met for the last time on June 14. Nominations for the new Dail will be on June 23 and it will meet on July 21. As usual, the election will be on the basis of proportional representation and a referendum on the new Constitution will take place at the same time.
American Strike Wave
A wave of strikes, notably in the steel industry and the coal mines belonging to the steel industry, has created uneasy feeling in America. There have also been strikes in the electrical and motor industries. Protest meetings against the use of tear gas by employers have been held by strikers at Monroe, Michigan, where there is considerable tension, and disorders have occurred at Indiana. Conservative papers are particularly bitter against Mr. John Lewis, the well-known Union leader, and demands are being made for legislation to hamper the Trade Unions. So far, despite repeated demands, President Roosevelt has made no statement.
Spanish Civil War
Once again the main interest centres on the Basque front. After a steady advance General Davila's forces arrived at Bilbao and the Basque Government were said early on to have evacuated and left for Santander. British ships helped in the
evacuation of refugees. Slight advances on the part of the government forces on the Cordova and Huesca fronts have failed to divert the victorious Nationalist thrust in the Basque provinces. The Non-Intervention Committee has found a solution whereby Italy and Germany can return to the Spanish control scheme. According to this assurances are called for from General Franco and the Government, self-defence is defined and no reprisals will be taken without consultation.
German Cardinal Protests
Five thousand Munich parents assembled at Tuntenhausen in Bavaria to protest against the secularising of schools. Cardinal Faulhaber delivered a striking address, quoting France as an example of tolerance and declaring that German Catholics would fight to the hitter end for their rights.