From a Special Correspondent combination could be more Dxical than the union of Comm, with its avowedly interal concept of the state and ne nationalism as professed Irish Republican movements. ch a union has been definitely ished by the apostles of Com
m in Ireland. Their success
■ aking their purposes under the of nationalism has made sk of opposing and disclosing extremely difficult.
n when the Bishops speak ritatively, as they did in the pastoral of 1931 which coned the Communist part which I itself " Saor Eire," they are diately denounced as interfer politics and favouring Imism.
he present moment Communists in concentrate on the dissemination of ire and the formation of " cells" in town and village.
.e are hoc* shops in Dublin devoted ally to distributing Communist literIn these hundreds of cheap pamranging in price from a penny to a ;, are for sale. The pamphlets deal urrent toPics in a light popular style. ig historOal episodes and day-to-day to draw conclusions in favour of the . they advocate.
ghtful urning of Churches .amphlet n Spain published by the . Communist Party, price one penny, ig pushed just now. This strongly Is the burning of the churches in because (the pamphlets explain) they Yen used as ammunition dumps and ne-gun posts by the Nationalist armies ecause there are priests fighting on de of the rebels. " The Catholic h at all times in Spain's history has one of the main pillars of property eaction."
nher popular pamphlet gives the 1 attitude' of communism to religion. strongly condemns Catholic trades s, Young Men's Christian Association, imilar orianisations. Leaders of these isations, it says, serve as most reacy leaders of the proletariat's enemies nctifying all the abominations of the list regime with the holy water of in, and by terrorising their flock with yctre of punishment in the world to
"Wor14 Communism will bury for ill mysticIsm, religion, prejudice, and stition."
Naturally much attention is given to the State which shows Communism in operation. The paradise of Soviet Russia is the keynote of the principal stands in the Communist libraries. Both popular literature in abundance and more " learned " books are devoted to every phase of Russian activities —the resurrection of the proletariat, the war on God and religion, Russian experiments in industry, science, collective agriculture, children's homes, etc.
English editions of Moscow newspapers are prominently displayed—the Moscow News, Sovietland, and similar news-sheets. These are well printed, liberally illustrated, carry no advertisements, and cost twopence. Evidently the purpose of the publishers and distributors is riot to make money. Their purpose is evident from the contents, all harping on the same themes, that Soviet Russia is the finest country in the world, and that it is so because it is Communist.
Another similar publication, International Press Correspondence. devotes a large part of a recent number to a virulent attack on the Pope's address to the Spanish refugees. It accuses the Pope. of "repeated lies " and of sending out " a message of • hatred." • The "Catholic-Fascist Government of Portugal" is attacked with the same ardour as the patriot Government of Spain.
Dublin's Communist Library
In Dublin, too, is to be found an up-todate lending library of Communistic literature. Anyone may join on payment of a small subscription and take away books to read at home. In fact the librarian has power to waive part of the subscription fees in favour of persons whom he judges prospective members of the party and potential allies. Books in the lending library are not principally direct propaganda. They are rather stories likely to appeal to the general reader, but tinged . with a Communist flavour and concerned with practical applications of Communism.
Nor is this propaganda by any means confined to Dublin. During the present month of October a group of Catholic young men discovered an agent in a small town in Co. Longford. He was travelling through the county selling Communist literature. This discovery caused a sensation in the town. The agent was forced to leave and all his wares were publicly burned.
Cardinal MacRory's Warning
And in a recent pronouncement Cardinal MacRory, Primate of all-Ireland, stated that a disguised Communist movement was spreading in the North.
" Doubtless," he continues, " it is not confined to the North. It is known among its members as the United Front movement, and the idea of its organisers is to get as many young men as possible from all classes of society banded together for some popular purpose that has nothing to do with Communism, and then gradually to imbue their minds with Communistic doctrine."
All these activities are carried on quite openly, and the Government makes no attempt to suppress them. Quite recently, in fact, a member of the Executive Council of the Free State stated in the course of a public speech that the Communists were entitled to put their case before the electors, and if they got a majority to vote for them, they could carry out their policy.
That, however, is not their system. A typical example of the system they advocate is the following, taken from a book that circulates freely in this country.
"It is necessary . . . to resort to all sorts of devices, manoeuvres and illegal methods, to evasion and subterfuge . . . in order to carry on Communistic work." And again: "Nor has the Communistic Party ever denied that this overthrow (of Parlia ment) must be a forceful one." .
It is indeed passing strange that the Catholic Government of a Catholic country, warned as it is by what is happening in Spain to-day, should take no care against a similar catastrophe in Ireland to-morrow.