Finnish Foreign Minister in Moscow
M. Holsti, the Finnish Foreign Minister, has returned from a visit to Moscow, which, in view of the hitherto not very friendly relations prevailing between the two countries, has aroused much comment. Emphasis was laid by both sides on the fact that the visit was purely one of goodwill and neighbourly desire for harmonious rela
tions. M. Litvinoff, the Commissar for Foreign Affairs, returned to Moscow specially to receive M. Holsti and Molotoff, Woroszilow, Budienny, and other leading figures in Soviet life attended the dinner given in M. Holsti's honour by M. Litvinoff, while Molotoff subsequently gave a luncheon and M. Holsti was generally given a very cordial welcome.
German Protestant Difficulties
The Reich Church Committee, set up to attempt to arrive at an agreement between the German Christians (Nazis), Confessional Movement (anti-political Nazis) and Moderates, has failed, and a fresh drive against Confessional Protestants is about to be launched, it is feared. Meanwhile, Herr Hitler has ordered a Church plebiscite. Ten Confessional pastors have recently been expelled from their office and arrested, while others, including Bishop Meiser, have been prevented from preaching. Various Bible students have also been sentenced to terms of hard labour.
The Austrian Chancellor, Dr. von Schusclmigg, spoke on Austrian policy to 1,500 leaders of the Patriotic Front at Vienna and declared that economic cooperation between Italy, Hungary and Austria had been most fruitful. As regards the question of a Monarchist restoration, he declared that Austria's leaders could alone decide the form of the State, but that experiments would not be tolerated and that monarchists must adapt them selves to the new Austria. He criticised various new disguised Nazi organisations and warned Nazis and Socialists that they would always be repressed unless they ceased subversive activities and became loyal members of the Patriotic Front,
Polish Governor Denounces Nazi Plot
Dr. Grazynski, Voivoda of Upper Silesia, has made a striking speech bitterly denouncing secret Nazi anti-Polish activity in Upper Silesia, which, despite the NonAggression pact, is widespread not only in Upper Silesia and the Corridor, but among the Ukrainians. Exception was taken to the extreme bitterness of the speech in Berlin, and the German Ambassador in Warsaw protested officially to the Government.
Holland Refuses German Offer
As a result of the German Chancellor's recent Reichstag speech, which offered to guarantee the integrity of the present
Dutch frontiers, the Dutch Government made enquiries as to the nature of the offer and was informed that the statement referred to an offer of a pact of nonaggression. Jonkheer de Graeff, the Dutch Foreign Minister, has, however, replied that inviolability of Dutch territory remains a cardinal point of Dutch policy and that the Dutch Government does not intend to discuss it with other countries.
Spanish Civil War
The last week of the Spanish civil war has seen definite consolidation of the recent successes of the anti-Government forces. After the fall of Malaga, the last big Government stronghold in Andalusia, General Queipo de Llano's troops pushed on towards Almeria, took Motril without resistance, and have come to a temporary halt almost at the gates of Almeria, which is being feverishly fortified by the Government troops. It is now confirmed from Rome that some ten thousand Italian troops took part in the seizure of Malaga.
Meanwhile Madrid continues to be hard pressed, the chief attack being now directed from the south-east. The main centre of operations is Arganda, and the MadridValencia road in the Jarama sector. So far the Government forces appear successfully to have resisted the insurgent advance, but the situation in Madrid is regarded as very grave and the capital is unlikely to resist much longer.
New Finnish President Elected
New presidential elections have been held in Finland, and as a result M. Svinhufvud, the retiring President, has been defeated. M. Svinhufvud was the candidate of the extreme Right and, after the Left candidate failed to be elected by one vote in the first round, the votes of the Left were transferred to M. Kallio, an agrarian democrat of the Right, who thus becomes the new President of Finland. M. Svinhufvud had been in office since 1931.
Japanese Premier Presents New Budget
The new Japanese Premier, General Hayashi, announced in the Diet that the Budget presented by Mr. Hirota, the late Premier, would be cut by £16,000,000. He stated, however, that none the less an increase in taxation would be inevitable. The statement was coldly received in the House of Peers, and in the House of Representatives both Conservative and Liberal spokesmen criticised it sharply, accusing the Premier of ignoring the political parties. The Premier denied this and declared that he was an opponent of Fascism.