FROM A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT UR foreign observers Irons juridical bodies and six journalists were among the 24 people admitted to the courtroom for the start of the trial of Fr. Joaquim Pinto de Andrade on subversion charges in Lisbon last week. Over 150 others, including relatives and friends from Africa, were turned away from the Boa Hora political criminal court.
Fr. de Andrade, 43, is a brother of Senhor Mario de Andrade, leader of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola — MPLA — who wants to end Portuguese rule in Angola, by violent means if necessary.
This is the first time that Fr. de Andrade has been on public trial, although he has been in jail many times and under secret police surveillance for the past thirteen years. Of mixed European-African descent, he was Chancellor of the diocese of Luanda in Angola in the 1960s.
Among his nine co-defendants are two girls, students and employees from Angola and Cape Verde, and an official of the Angola welfare services. The ten have been in jail since last April awaiting the trial. This arrest was Fr. de Andrade's tenth.
Among the charges facing Fr. de Andrade is one of being a member of the MPLA and of having been made honorary president of it. He has denied all charges.
Two rows of plain-clothes policemen surrounded the defendants at the opening of the trial. Fr. de Andrade, who wore a light grey suit, looked round the courtroom and smiled at his friends as his lawyer rose to read an attestation in his favour and then enter a plea of not guilty.
No Portuguese journalists were present. and the six journalists admitted represented foreign newspapers, agencies or broadcasting stations. The four juridical representatives came from France, Spain and the Belgian League for Human Rights.
• In the trial of Fr. Mario Pais de Oliveira, 33, accused of preaching pacifism in Portuguese Guinea, the court in Oporto has put off sentence until today.