ACTING as Papal Legate, Cardinal Eugenio de Araujo Sales of Sao Salvador has told Brazilians and their Government that the Church in Brazil is going ahead with renewal and social reform but that its mission is spiritual, not political.
In a speech to the Federal Congress in Brasilia during the National Eucharistic Congress, the cardinal restated what the Brazilian Bishops' Conference had said a few days earlier—that the bishops are backing efforts by priests and laymen to solve the people's problems according to guidelines on social and economic reforms issued by the Latin American Bishops at Medellin, Colombia, in 1968.
Since December, 1968, Brazil's military regime has been ruling by decree and hundreds of persons, including priests and lay leaders, have been arrested on charges of subversion. The arrests have been followed by accusations that the authorities have been brutally torturing political prisoners.
At their meeting the Brazilian bishops condemned torturing by police and asked the Government to stop the practice and to punish the guilty.
At the Eucharistic Congress -at which about 50,000 pilgrims joined some 50,000 inhabitants -the "tri umphalist" approach of earlier Eucharistic feasts was missing.
Instead of the traditional closing parade of bishops, Government dignitaries and Army units, Brazilians saw liturgical ceremonies stressing
spirituality and Church renewal.
CABINET GUESTS Brazilians also watched with interest for any display of antagonism between officials of the military government and high Church authorities. Some 100 of the 168 bishops attending the conference met President Medici ate Iris Planalto Palace.
The bishops, headed by Cardinal Jaime Barros Camara of Rio de Janeiro, had received an invitation for the meeting from the president. Some members of the Cabinet also held meetings with smaller groups of prelates.
Justice Minister Alfredo Buzaid came to the Dom Bosco patish complex where the bishops had earlier held their meetings to • explain efforts made by the Government to counter what he called "a campaign of defamation" abroad against Brazil on Indian genocide, religious persecution, and torturing of political prisoners.
He denied the charges, and asked Churchmen to cooperate in forming "a policy of peace and harmony."
As Papal Legate to the Eucharistic Congress. Cardinal Sales had a brief interview with President Medici, later described by observers as cordial. With the cardinal were the Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil, Archbishop Umberto Mozzoni, and Brazil's Ambassador to the Holy See, Donatelo Grieco.
In appointing Cardinal Sales as his Legate, Pope Paul VI had voiced his wishes "for peace and concord among Brazilians."
St, Thomas More School first metric building
ATWO-STOREY and threestorey classroom and assembly hall block being built for the St. Thomas More Catholic School, Chelsea, is believed to be the first metric building in London.
The A75 method of dimensionally co ordinated corn ponent building—incorporating pre-cast concrete walling with an exposed aggregate finish-was specified by architects.
It is also the first school in London to be built in accordance with the various edicts issued on dimensional coordination in relation to the change from imperial to metric measurement. and it complies with the G.L.C. building regulations.
The building, which is due to be completed by the end of August, will provide 423 square metres (5,553 sq.ft.) of floor area, the A75 contract sum being £16,326.
The A75 building method was the first in Britain to be designed from the outset to metric dimensions. It was developed by A. H. Anderson, Ltd., a member of the Terrapin International Group. The architects for the school are J. H. Alleyn and Associates, of Reigate, Surrey.
Bishops call for end to violence
THIRTY FIVE bishops from six Central American nations, deploring the "constant violations of fundamental rights" by the authorities, have urged prompt and "unrestricted compliance" with the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights.
The bishops, who met in Antigua, Guatemala, for the 15th general assembly of the Conference of Central American Bishops, also denounced violence in any form.
'They said they had received many reports of "frightfully disfigured bodies" being found, and that the numbers of such incidents were increasing. "In the name of God, we condemn all violence, whether its source be the establishment or those rebelling against it."
They added that they humbly accepted their part of the responsibility for the present social crisis, and their role in correcting it.
They deplored the "growing economic egotism" of the privileged classes, who, they said, "seem to be insensitive to the needs of those who have not had the same opportunities in life."
They condemned "repression" as a means of retaining economic advantages, and appealed to armed forces, police, and security officers to restrict themselves to "services that are properly within their jurisdiction."
'Undying hope for peace'
POPE PAUL said last week that despite past disastrous experiences he had an "undying hope" that the day would come when "nation will not lift sword against nation." He was addressing a group of South African veterans of two world wars who are touring war cemeteries in Europe.
Speaking in English, he said: "Our meditation is concentrated on the malice of war and on the great 'blessing that is peace. Like yourselves, we know the disastrous reality which is war. But we still have an undying hope for tomorrow.
"Christianity has a dimension beyond the present, and because of this we, too, share the vision of Isaiah as we look forward to that day when .peoples will hammer their swords into plough shares, their spears into sickles.
"Nation will not lift sword against nation, and there will be no more training for war. At the same time, we know that this peace is brought about only through justice."
In what Vatican sources said may have been a hint of his opposition to apartheid in South Africa, he added: "We hope that you, dear friend's, will make your personal contributton to the reign of justice in your country and in the world."