Where History is Found f CONFESS that I found the read". ing of the Centenary Record of the Holy Cross Church in Liverpool more exciting than many a more pretentious record of history. This Mission began in the days of the Irish Famine and near the end of its centenary the church was utterly destroyed by incendiaries. Daniel Murray, the headmaster of the parish school, has taken care to give his readers ample evidence of the ghastly slate of affairs in Catholic Liverpool a hundred years ago, and it is from records of this kind that true history is known. It is, for example, well worth while knowing that at the time when 300.000 half-starving immigrants from Ireland were coming into Liverpool, England was importing from her suffering sister-isle, 572,485 head of cattle; 839,118 sheep; 699,021 pigs; 2,532,839 quarters of oats; 1,821.091 hundredweights of oatmeal; 455.256 quarters of grass; 1,494,852 hundredweights of wheatmeal. • Tips for Christmas Cards THE number of Christmas cards, fit for Christmas, seem to increase each year, and 1 strongly recommend my readers to be on the lookout for cards that are artistically worthy as well as being in keeping with the sacred and joyful occasion of the feast, instead of wasting money on the inure commercial banalities.
Sets I have seen this year include some attractive hand-painted cards from the Studio, Chilcompton, Somerset, for between 4d. and Is. 6d. The Benedictines of Farnborough have some very original and skilfully coloured cards at 6d., 7d., and 8d, I should also like to mention once again the excellent work of Fr. Dunleavy (of 9, Mayhem Bank, Nether Edge. Sheffield 7) who helps to support his battered church through the sales at popular prices of his cards. You need not fear in this case that an act of charity will lower your aesthetic standing with your friends The Walsh Studio, of 65. Croydon Park Avenue, Dublin, is perhaps less artistically ambitious, but it does not tolerate vulgarity or mere sentimentality in its popular and cheap • selection. Finally The Little Book of Christmas by Brian O. Huiginn (siufgo Brian O'Higgins), of 38, O'Connell Street, Dublin, will meet at ls. 6d, the need for a special effort for someone special. The pioneer Westbrook series, already mentioned in our columns, are of course once again available.
A Chance Missed ONE of my colleagues on our
staff, seeing my heading last week "My First Christmas Present Suggestion," said to me: "You must be losing your form ! Surely you should have recommended buying a
Cavalier Spaniel !" Despite the fact that we had just had a litter of seven pups, I had refrained out of my public spirit and well-known objectivity. However. I have no objection to making up for it, and so I quote a delightful description of these dogs. written in the 16th century by Dr. Caius, founder of the Cambridge College:
"These dogges are little, pretty, proper. and fyne, and sought for to satisfie the delicatenesse of daintie dames and wanton women's wills. instruments of folly for them to play and dully withal', to tryfle away the treasure of time, to withdraw their mindes from their commendable exercises. These puppies the smaller they be, the more pleasure they provoke as more meete playfellowes for minsing mistrisses to Beare in their bosoms, to keepe company withal in their chambers, to succour with sleeve in bed, and nourishe with meate at board, to lie in their lappes. and lickestheir lippes as they ryde in their waggons, and good reason it should he so, for coursenesse with fynencssc bath no fellowship, but featnesses with meatnesse bath neighbourhood enough."
By the Same Token I3Y the same token I am reminded by a letter this week from one of 'our readers that a quite pleasant and easy-for-the-giver Christmas present is a year's subscription to THE CATHOT IC HERALD, For 17s. 4d. a friend, or for that matter an enemy, at home or abroad, can for 52 weeks he reminded of your benevolence without any trouble to yourself. H you wish, a suitable greeting (room for invention here) can be sent with the first copy. But, please, address inquiries " Subscription Manager," not " Jotter.
The Hopkins Papers TO those who have recently read (Churchill's hook, I recommend as a sequel the White House Papers of Harry L. Hopkins by Robert E. Sherwood (Eyre & Spottiswoode, 30s.). Hopkins was a sort of mystery man who after an only partially successful career in politics and despite appalling health became in the early days of the war the special help and confident of President Roosevelt, Living in the White House, always at the President's elbow and consulted about everything, his papers furnish the inside story of America before and after Pearl Harbour.
Events Into History THIS big book is, of course. with
out the brilliance and person. ality of Churchill, but the quiet, objective narrative evokes a graphic picture of the President's mind and way of living, and throws a good deal of light on Churchill himself during the Atlantic Conference and his stay at the White House. Particularly interesting, too, is the account of Hopkins famous missions to wartime Britain and Russia, Such books as these fascinate because they are so visibly part of the process of turning what were recently hectic current events into the immortality of great history. Not everyone, after all, has lived in a period of history when this pro cess could be so easily and intimately followed. To me, at least. every serious war-memoir—and this one is right at the top—is at the moment the most absorbing reading I can lay my hands on.
Stalin the Moralist IN the hook there are a number of passages of special interest. For example, the fact that in the original Atlantic Charter " religious freedom" was omitted because everyone concerned forgot all about it
It is odd too to read passages of Hopkins' report about Stalin in 1941 in the light of recent events. " Stalin," reported Hopkins, said Hitler's greatest weakness was found in the vast numbers of oppressed people who hated Hitler and the immoral ways of his Government . . . Mr. Stalin spoke of the necessity of there being a minimum moral standard between all nations and without such a minimum moral standard nations could not co-exist. He stated that the present leaders of Germany knew no such minimum moral standard and that, therefore, they represented an anti-social force in the present world. Nations must fulfil their treaty obligations, he said, or international society could not exist."
A Farmer's Story I AM sure that this is one of the
hoariest of anti-Government farming stories, but at least I got it from a farmer who insists that it is true. It is the case of a farmer applying for a temporary retail milk licence because he happened to have no other outlet for a heavy milk production. The authorities refused his request, so he went personally to put his case, asking if he must throw the milk away. An answer he got was; "Well, why can't you milk your cows less? "
Wise and Otherwise
"With the approach of Christmas one's thoughts inevitably turn to poultry and pork."—Cheam Advertiser,