One of Last Bishops on Soviet Territory Dies in Lithuania
The news of the death of four Bishops has been received during the week. A Jesuit, an Oblate of Mary Immaculate, the Patriarch of Babylon and one of the few remaining Bishops in Soviet territory:
Mgr. Anthony Karosas, Bishop of Vilkaviskis, in Lithuania, has died at the age of 93. The aged Prelate had lived undisturbed at his residence in Vilkaviskis since Lithuania's incorporation in the U.S.S.R. He has been Bishop of Vilkiviskis since 1910. Mgr. Joseph Thomas, the Patriarch of Babylon of the Caldees, died on July 21, aged 95.
Mgr. Thomas was elected Patriarch of Babylon of the Caldees in 1900 and confirmed in that office at the Consistory of the same year. He was also Administiator Apostolic of Akra.
Mgr. lean Marie Masson, 0.M.I., who has been Archbishop of Colombo since 1938, has died in that city, aged 71. Mgr. Masson, who was French, is succeeded by his Singhalese Coadjutor, Mgr. Thomas Cooray. Bishop Walter Fitzgerald, the Jesuit Vicar Apostolic of Alaska, has died at the age of 63. Mgr, Fitzgerald, who was born in the State of Washington in 1883, was appointed Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Alaska in 1938. Mgr. Fitzgerald was known among the Eskimos, for whom he had a great admiration, as the " Big Priest."
The Pope Receives British Tourists The Pope received in audience during the week 170 British tourists in Italy, and 250 pilgrims from Malta, headed by Archbishop Gales ; and in private audience, Mr. Patrick Little, Minister of Posts and Telegraphs in Ireland ; the Provincial of the Teaching
Sisters of the Holy Cross of South Africa, Mother Gertrude Weissenbet ger ; a group of the Third Order of St. Francis, from Holland; Bishop James Gunnarson, Vicar Apostolic of Iceland ; Brigadier-General R. W. Fellowtss, and his wife; the General Chapters of the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Egypt, with the Superior General, Mother Mary Manzoni.
Causes of a Cardinal and Doctor are Introduced
The Sacred Congregation of Rites held an extraordinary meeting on Tuesday (July 29) to discuss two causes of beatification: One was that of the famous Archbishop of Naples, Cardinal Giario Sforza, who lived in the 9th century. The other was that of the Neapolitan doctor, Giuseppe Moecall. who died in 1927.
The cause of the beatification of the Servant of God Marie de Providence (Eugenie de Smet), of Paris, was formally opened last week. Marie de Providence, founder of the Auxiliary Sisters of the Souls in Purgatory, died in Paris in 1871.
APPOINTMENT.—The Pope has appointed Mgr. George Leon Pellettier, Titular Bishop of Efesto, to be Bishop of Three Rivers, Canada.
Pilgrims Killed in Roil Accident
Ten persons were killed and over 30 injuied when a train loaded with Catholic pilgrims to the famous shrine of the Black Madonna, at Einsiodoln, in Northern Switzerland, collided full tilt with a regular passenger train last Saturday.
The Benedictine monastery at Einsiodoln is said to be the largest, covering 16 acres, in Switzerland. In a square in front of the abbey buildings is a fountain, surmounted by the statue of Our Lady. The pilgrims drink from the fountain.
German Boys Disappear Into the Russian Zone Five thousand German boys, aged from 12 to 17 years, have disappeared from the streets of Berlin into the Russian zone in the past few months, never to be heard of again, according to Mgr. James Griffiths, Chancellor of New York diocese. Mgr. Griffiths attacked the Russian policies in Europe at a Press conference given in Washington by 13 clergymen who have just
returned front a tour of Europe. " I cannot reveal the source of this information because that might endanger those who told me, but I can assure you it is absolutely reliable," he said. " These kidnappings are going on now and they have been going on for several months." He suggested that the Russians may be training the youths in the principles of Communism.
All the clergymen agreed that unless the Marshall Plan is supported. the Communists will take over the entire Con anent.
New Ex-Chaplain Bishop is Enthroned at Quebec Mgr. Maurice Roy was formally enthroned as Archbishop of Quebec on Friday last. Mgr. Roy's enthronement officially ends the period of mourning for Cardinal Villeneuve, who died in January last. Mgr. Roy, who is 42, and who served as a chaplain with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, was, a few days previously, made a Knight of the Legion of Honour by the French Ambassador to Canada, Count Jean de Hauteclocque. He had already the 0.B.E. On the occasion of the presentation, an Anglican minister spoke on behalf of the English and non-Catholic residents in Quebec.
The Hierarchy Call on Catholics to Use their Votes
The Hungarian Bishops, led by Cardinal Mindszenty, issued an official statement last Friday making it clear that no support would be given to any party in the forthcoming elections.
The Bishops nevertheless call on the faithful to exercise their right to vote "in so far as able in view of the recent revision of the electoral lists." They call on Catholics to examine the personal background and characters of candidates more than their party affiliation, to judge whether their past actions justify reliance on their present promises.
They end with recognising a state of crisis for the Church in Hungary and call the faithful to prayer. Vatican radio, giving this news, commented that when the Hierarchy of a country so recognise a crisis and call for prayers, Catholics throughout the world ought to join them.
Women's Guild Part of Catholic Action The Catholic Women's Social Guild, which was founded in Melbourne about 30 years ago, and has since grown into an active and influential organisation of Catholic women devoted to many charitable and social works, has been raised by the Australian Bishops to the status of an auxiliary of Catholic Action. The Guild, which now has 11,690 members and 170 delegates, met recently at their annual conference. Conference resolutions dealt, among other things, with housing problems.
A young Irish priest, Fr. Patrick Lyng, who was born in 1916 in Co. Kilkenny, Ireland, has died at Perth, Western Australia. Fr. Lyng, who was in the middle of his studies at Salamanca when the Spanish Revolution broke out, went to Australia last year on account of his health.