Page 3, 1st October 1937

1st October 1937
Page 3
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Page 3, 1st October 1937 — THE FAMOUS STANDARD OF LIVING The Enslaved (observing the Free—whether
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THE FAMOUS STANDARD OF LIVING The Enslaved (observing the Free—whether

they are emancipated by Capitalism or Communism the result is the same): " Gosh! They're living in Paradise."

Catholic Social Leaders

Tell The "C.1-1." What Should

Immediately Be Done About It The Catholic Herald has reminded representative Catholic Social Leaders, clerical and lay, that

"EACH WEEK THAT GOES BY SEES FURTHER COMMUNIST AND SOCIALIST ADVANCES AND AN EVEN MORE RAPID CON'I'ROLLINc ON THEIR PART OF THE MIND OF BOTH WORKERS ANIb INTELLECTUALS."

It has therefore a ked them the following question:—

"What should and can be done immediately by Catholics in the way of Catholic Social Action to counter the Communist and Socialist Menace ? "

Fr. Joseph Keatiltg, S.J., Editor of the Month, a le ding Catholic Social Guild worker: The " comfortable" classes have been quite content with things-lm they are, whilst the worker, appropriatelY called a " wageslave," has felt increasing resentment against the unnecessary and unChristian hardships of his lot, and. in the absence of practical sympathy on the part of his fellow-Catholics who could best help him has tended to turn to those who promise him a ready redress of his real! grievances. Only a few in the Church and civil life have realised the unChristian and inhuman conditions under which the worker has often been forced to live . . . in our own day, a number of Catholic lay folk under the inspiration of Fr. Charles plater, have struggled courageously to promulgate amid the masses the hopeful social teaching of the Church. But the majority of the faithful, high and low, and of the centre. have never reacted to the practical denial of human dignity exhibited in Lvorkittg-lives and conditions. They have not learned their obligations at school and, passing thence into secular surroundings, have not been able to grasp what was Wrong in their business lives, still less to coMbine in order to remedy it. Accordingly I our present need is, first, leadership and support on the part of those who by educatiOn are qualified to appreciate the Church's !teaching, and by experience to see how it ean be best applied; and secondly, a careful grounding of those still at school in the principles of Catholic citizenship. .

Councillor A. E. Egan, organiser of much Catholic Social work in South London: The history of the Communist Party reveals that it has taken advantage of every

device known to publicity to put over its propaganda—Cinema, Press, street literature sellers, posters, leaflets, lantern lectures.

. Where a Communist can go with his literature so can a Catholic! Where Communists hold meetings so can Catholics!

Catholics are generally described as lacking in enthusiasm for this class of propaganda, but the Catholic rallies held in South London in the early parti of this year convinced me that our Catholic men and women are as eager to get on with work as

are the Communists. On a call for stewards for these meetings in no case were there less than 200 men on duty, ready to defend the rights of free speech for our Catholic speakers. The keenness is there; it only wants to be brought out. This then is one of the methods we must adopt if we want to get our point of view put over to the general public for they are as interested as our own).

I would suggest that a committee be formed to formulate a plan on the lines I have suggested with area committees (four or five parishes) to meet jointly and singly to fix meetings, sales of literature, and other activities, remembering, " what sauce is good for the goose is also good for the gander."

May 1 further suggest that this committee be free and unfettered from any other organisation of the Church, but not excluding the clergy—without guild or sodality representation—consisting of people of ex.2 perience in political and industrial matters.

Fr. Martin D'Arcy, S.J., Oxford University lecturer: We ought to have a definite method to provide some positive counter ideal where the need is greatest.

As to method I believe the only way is have a central bureau with considerable powers, in relation with other Catholic organisations, and at the head of it a man carefully chosen for his knowledge and practical genius. He must be trusted and given wide powers. I am thinking of the example in Spain where a layman was given full scope and did so much to reorganise Catholic activities, but alas came too late to save the situation.

We ought to examine carefully the example provided for us of Catholic Action as attempted in Spain.

Secondly, as to the counter ideal. This central bureau must get into touch with the various organisations which are springing up in the country; often initiated by young men and women; it must study and use all the means of propaganda which is at the service of the daily press, industry and political movements, and, of course, make use of the mammon of iniquity by paying particular care to the methods of proselytism which the Marxists use. We have the positive ideal, but it must be spread abroad in the most inexpensive form, and stated in such a way that the ordinary young man and woman can say : " Here is something I can live, something I want, something I can explain to others, and, what is more, I

can play a personal part in the extension of this kingdom."

Thirdly, where the need is greatest. The crisis of our time is the division of the classes, which has been exploited by Com

munism. It is no use for groups to be formed which consist of men and women of the same status and education. The only solution is to form cells in as many ',wishes as possible where rich and poor, unemployed, workers and members of the pro

fessions can meet and work together. We must break down the present class division and theory which lies behind it. At present in the great cities, the Catholic so-called proletariat practises its religion but at the same time absorbs social views which seem to be clear and free it from its misery and yet are profoundly anti-Christian and anti-human.

I have said nothing of the need of personal self-sacrifice and loyalty to Christ, because all should know that these are the first essential. It would be good, however, to choose some simple and inspiring motto and to consider whether there could not be an elite who dedicated themselves in an especial way to the service of Christ the King.

Captain T. W. C. Curd, organising secretary of the C.T.S., writes:

Let the Hierarchy call a Convention whose object shall be to draw up a Christian Social Programme, based on the Social Encyclicals.

The Convention to comprise Catholic sociologists and social students; Catholic employers and leaders of industry; Catholic Trade Unionists; Catholic Members of the three Parliamentary parties; Catholic officials of the British Union of Fascists (as representing the "Corporations," or "Vocational-Group" movement); representatives of the " black-coated" workers, the land movement, and other vocations not represented by a Trade Union; the Civil Service.

The Convention to meet in London under the Chairmanship of the Lay President of Catholic Action.

The Convention to be called forthwith, as a matter of primary urgency. (" Every other enterprise', however attractive -and helpful must yield before the vital need of protecting the very foundation of the Faith

and of Christian civilisation." Pius XI, Divini Redernptoris.) 2. The programme when drawn up to be submitted to the Hierarchy for approval, after possible amendments.

3. The approved programme, bearing the signatures of the whole of the Hierarchy and such representative Catholics as the Convention may decide, to be promulgated (a) through the Catholic press; (b) through the C.T.S. in pamphlet form, and (c) through every Catholic pulpit in the country. In summarised form it should also be sent to every Member of Parliament (Lords and Commons), the lay press, the Anglican and Nonconformist leaders and Press, and to the B.B.C., while an open mass meeting should be held in the principal town of each diocese.

4. The Hierarchy to order the setting up of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine with Study Circle in every parish. No parish to be exempt save by permission of the Ordinary. The first objective to be the study of the-programme:, the second, the training of candidates for public life, and the third, a concerted effort in every parish to secure the return of candidates pledged to support the programme.

5. In all this, every effort to be made to enlist the active sympathy and support of non-Catholics, following the Holy Father's appeal for the " co-operation of all men of good will."

Baroness Bosch Van Drakestein, Head of " The Grail " in Great Britain:

Adherents of the "Left-wing" parties claim to offer a solution for the world's ills. The Socialists, believing that no thinking or feeling person can be content with existing conditions. does so by sowing a spirit of discontent; the Communist, finding all beyond repair, by revolutionary methods of destruction and rebuilding.

Christians have a more complete and perfect system of social reconstruction to offer.

Two thousand years ago the Founder of Christianity gave to His followers a new law, containing the most revolutionary doctrine ever uttered. It consisted in love, which is the de-throning of the "ego" —the supremely important " myself," and putting first the rights, the interests, first of the Creator then of all men for His sake.

Followed to its logical conclusion this command, working from the individual centre out to society, would have revolutionised the world and brought universal peace and justice. The first Christians followed it, literally. and they overcame by love the vast Pagan world of their day.

What succeeding ages have dimmed, we in this generation must re-discover to the world. We, like our adversaries, must be discontented with present and past failures; then we need to destroy among ourselves, as Christians, the false mental outlook we have assimilated during the centuries. A future built on a foundationstone of a literal acceptance of Christ's commandment of charity can offer the greatest, and the only complete, solution of the problem of the social reconstruction of the world.

Mr. R. P. Walsh, Editor of the Catholic Worker and founder of Wigan House of Hospitality: Immediate action cannot be political or militaristic: it 571 nit he personal.

The action needed is the praetiee of justice

and charity. That means, first. airing to everybody what is theirs: to the employer, the busman, the unemployed and the beggar.

It means even more than that, for personal action can be stronger and more effective in the sphere of charity (love) than elsewhere.

We must lore our neighbours: the employer, busman. unemployed. and the beggar.

Once such love destroyed slavery.

Men commented on the way Christians loved one another and by thid love those Christians (longed the social order of Rome.

Once such love destroyed petty war. . .

Patrick D. Tolhurst, prominent member of the Catholic Worker Group:

Who is it in England here today who champions the cause of the oppressed. who raises the issue of the worker, who is it that goes to the poor and toils him how to better himself, how to cry out against the injustice that crushes him, how to act in order to remedy specific intitiltiel'S of the sin that cries to Heaven for vengeance, the in of defrauding Hie labourer of his just wage? Who is it I repeat. whn has gene to the poor and given

them hopv!. is it in whom the poor reasonably have vonfidence, for their ail ions hear witness to 1 !lois words, who is ii:THERE IS tiNLY f: ANSWER; THE COMMUNS'I'S.

Full I'S TIi THERE IS ()NIA` ONE ANSWER: LtIVE.

Good ideas will drive out Bad ones At ion flows from Contemplation. Contemplation is : Ft it we fl U& have a Spiritual Revolution: We as Catholics must live as Catholies. not in name only, in fact, in deeds, in our lives.

Commutism preaehes HATE, we must PRACTUSE TAIVE: I icu we can truly say with the Martyrs! We eannot lose, we DESIRE to die for the LOVE (SF GOD!

Barbara Wall, novelist and social worker: Fortunately in this country, as yet, we have no need to ' combat " Communism; we have no need to crusade against it. By heroic living we still hove the chance to avert hernif &nth. OS therefore not think in tlie destructive terms of " combating." nor. for variety's sake, in tVrlitti of communism. Besides. if we so frequently think about whnt WI. are against we forget what we are for, and in our absorption with Communism we forget Christianity. Tf we could concentrate on building Christianity, on making Christ real Ill Ole maxi /Man Illirolier of people, we might isehieve some thing. The most comprehensice way to do this is by being holy. 'Phis is not a reactionary suggestion, for by holy I mean something real.

A true construetion, hosed on a true holiness, seems to ine to be found in the Catholic 'Worker movements all over the world.

Communism is Caused by poverty, wretchedness, lovelessness. All these things, when in icted are II ill 7'has azir presentday hijililii,11 np of Christianity should, surely,

cansisl in a mianlii af (me social eimseieare before flint to see if we are doing

right hy justice: if/ ratislaal practice of eharity; and in the remembrance that communisk are het,red of Christ Cl ail ore h ILO iny Hint tw mare 115 if lre 110 ie re In Min (I 11 d fail to reeosru;se Dim in our 154 i gh boar.

Miss Barbara Grant Johnson, secretary of the Legion of Mary:

1. \'t sla hi SVC 111:11 I lie MOO OM] WOMCO

Wi• (iny know OS for practising Catholic:4. This, besides giving almost every pot enlini n ist eontuel with Catholicism, helps us in our prime obligation of leadkIft gi>011 lives.

2. Until we join classes held by the Archuonfraternity of Christian Doctrine, the

C.E.11. or the or by some meams assimilate the necessary knowledge we are deliberately allrrendering our ueighbour—and therefore England-to

3. When Communism seeks to destroy some SOITIOI 1 hing, fie sure this thing is our most polenl weapon. The Family—Catholic employers. give preference to married men. Catholic mothers. begin today to make a home your children Vita love. The Catholic home alone can combat the Communist cell.

4. intelleet IIiII hring Catholicism into fashion; it is far more daring than a socialistic sentimental 11 ii WOE itarionism.

5. Workersin thecae! all will depend upon whether you can put his to shame by being poor in spirit as 'well ns I I I eire11111M (MCC.

Fr. Vincent McNabb, fa mous open-air preacher and author of The Church and the Land: Ire m ust rcf iirhi ,frroa nu arimn centre of gravity to a rural ecalre iif yearily. Staled

in another form : We mast return not to what is primitive bed te what is primary. As many families as possible shall he on the land. These families shall be as far as possible self-supporting. This conviction, now of many years, has grown to the certainty of an intuition. Praetical work for some fifty years in country and town parishes has foreed me to see that your modern tow n is the proximate occasion of unnatural sin, i.e., birth prevention. Now the olds way of dealing morally pith prosimali' OCC:O410118 of sin is to change them if they can he changed.

Moses and a minority of Jews found that Egypt, with ita fleshpots and its maternity legislation was 0 proximate occasion of sin. Ile and they did not limit their Hebrew Action to the, net doubt. necessary but unden. inbly insuffieient method of Mat+ti meetings. The Hebrew people saved us Catholics and civilisation by roaming out to the land. Can we not do what they did?

Mr. W. J. Blyton, pioneer in "Back to the Land " movement: w ise Catholic Action depends on knowing

our Faith plus its Social Principles. The Christian Front reqnirea instructed defenders. Rather than anti-something, let us be PROsomething. Communism is it nuiterialist hate response to mammon. Ill-temper and revenge find in both an arsenal of plausible disguises. We are in neither camp, having a philosophy truer than either. it goes further than they in demanding the Rights of manto work, to his place in society, to fnmily dreeneies.

I ittle property. respect as a living sou I. just wage and maintenance, liberty of worship, and a full moral and religious culture. We are but 10 per cent. of Britain's population only 1 per cent. of us are WriterS Or speakers. Oar means of winning (rery powerful means) therefore are Conduct, Contact, Talk.

The world, public and private. needs kindly reason quite as min. h as right formulas. Let each Catimlie act as hough it were depending on him or her, and not leave it to the other Catholic, to a guild, or to our priests and hierarchy. Pass on your Catholic paper in workshop, mill and office!

Fr. Bernard Goode, of the Catholic Workers' College, Oxford: catholic Ai jour is lmilt oil the lay apostolate.

Now. for the first time in Christian history, the private lay hi NSA Ohl I e is given a place and a share in the Oliblie official Apostolate.

It is obvious that elaborate plans for Catholie Action. meetings against CommunisM, ['Amp:tins in Invour of ti Christian programme, etc.. will nil be fruitless until genuine -members of Catholic Action have been trained. These will constitute a compact nucleus in each parish and a strong body throughout the country Capable of sharing in the public npostolate of the Church and able to bear all the responsibilities that this involves.

The Pope, in. calling Catholics to accept the graces and responsibilities of Catholic Action, addresses himself with particular force to the young workers. Be sees that the fate and future of rivVisation lies in their hands. rntthCni the Young (7hristion Workers' morentent is at hand to Ore them a divine and apostolic conception of the whole of their fires, to train them and send them out to win bark all their fellow workers to Christ. nad His Chursh, and to build through them a new anti Cilirisban social order. This is the Chureh's answer to the "Communist menace." itis inspired by her love for all men. and especially for those who in their innocence and good-will have been led astray by a false hope.




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