FARMERS have got their cereal
crops in; but for the gardener this is the heaviest and most gratifying time. Maincrop and late second potatoes can now be lifted and clamped (after drying in the sun for about half a day) even before their tops are withered. Farmers usually leave them longer; but we need the space and shall do well to lift when the haulms seriously begin to grow yellow. Maincrop carrots and beet should be similarly stored this month, and many are ready now. We do not want coarse, huge roots. They are better at this stage, and we shall avoid the risk of splitting which occurs in late summer after a downpour.
Beans should be kept assiduously picked, and any surplus should be salted. The plants soon stop yielding if allowed to form seed. Marrows should also be encouraged to keep going in the same way. Long, sprawling side-shoots may be shortened to plump up the later fruits. Many second-early apples and early pears should be ready for picking. They should lift off the branches. If they are attacked by wasps and birds, remove them; do not leave them there to be a prey to Brown Rot-a fungus which is serious and will affect next year's crop as well as this. Pick off affected fruits (also fallen ones) and barn them. Heavy-cropping plums are specially susceptible to this disease. which attacks even sound plums hanging close together.
E. J. KING.