From a Special Correspondent The political structure of the new Polish Cabinet is now clear. It is, by comparison with other Governments, a youthful body. The new Prime Minister, M. Mikolajczyk, is forty-two years old (the youngest Prime Minister in the world), of peasant origin, a farmer owning 50 acres. He is a representative of the most numerous class of the Polish population, the class which is closest to the earth and produces the nation's food, and which is the sanest, both politically and morally.
From the first day that Sikorski formed his Government—in Paris at the end of September, 1939—M. Mikolajczyk was associated with his policy and identified himself wholeheartedly with it. He remained Sikorski's most devoted and intimate colleague until the latter's death. Fate decided that the heavy responsibility should then devolve upon his shoulders. At the forefront of his policy is the quest for peace at home and abroad. But neither peace at home nor peace abroad are possible without first of all establishing good relations with all the countries which are Poland's neighbours: Born of peasant stock. and bred in peasant surroundings, M. Mikolajczyk has all the qualities of the Polish peasantry. Like all Polish peasants, Ire likes to go to church on Sundays, meeting everyone with a tranquil conscience. He has besides a trait common both to the Polish and British peoples: they never despair, And the worst things are, the more obstinate and persevering they become. This mutual trait is founded on their faith in God.
REFLECTION OF UNITY The new Government is composed of diverse elements representing the four main political parties in Poland. These are the Peasant, National. Socialist and Christian Democrat parties: a perfect reflection of the national unity. This was the only type of government which General Sikorski ever wished to preside over, and this is the Government which M. Mikolajczyk has formed.
It was the new Prime Minister's wish to introduce more youth and fresh blood into his Cabinet. Thus four important portfolios have been handed to men under fifty. They are the new Minister of the Interior, M. Banaczyk, and the new Minister of Finance, Dr. Grosfeld. The former belongs to the Peasant and the latter to the Socialist Party.
The third new Minister, responsible for Poland's foreign policy, is a man of no political party. By career he is a diplomat. M. Thadee de Romer was secretary in Paris. counsellor at the Vatican and the Quirinal, Minister at Lisbon, Ambassador to Tokio, and finally Ambassador to Moscow.
One newcomer m the Polish Cabinet certainly has the greatest .interests for the readers of this newspaper. This is Mgr. Kaczynski, Minister of Education and Religion. This venerable prelate, a member of the Catholic Party, is also a shrewd politician with numerous connections in Catholic circles all over the world. Wherever he has gone he has made himself much loved, and is as popular in the U.S.A. as in London. Former director of the'Polish Catholic Press Agency, equally talented as a journalist and as a preacher, colonel of the Polish army, private chaplain to the President of the Republic, he is moderate and tolerant in the best sense of these words, and highly respected by all political parties. He was also a former deputy to the Polish Diet, and played a leading part in Polish politics before the war.
It remains to say a word about the Government policy. It is as follows:
I. The future rdgime in Poland will be decided by the Polish people itself.
As soon as the national soil is liberated, the Government will call for general elections on the most democratic basis and will hand over all powers to the Parliament elected.
2. Meanwhile, the Government has no other task and no other ambition than to pursue General Sikorski's policy, the policy of national unity and of close collaboration with the great Allied democracies. Its home policy is to respect all political, religious, social and individual liberties; to rebuild Poland on the basis of Christian principles guaranteeing absolute equality to all citizens without distinction of class, religion and nationality.
3. Foreign Policy, The basis of Poland's future foreign policy will be to tighten and stabilise the alliance with Great Britain and the United States of America. It will show respect for France and her fighting spirit, and renew the traditional Franco-Polish friendship. As regards Czechoslovakia, it will cultivate the best possible relationships on the basis of a federation of Central and Eastern Europe, an idea cherished by General Sikorski, and supported by the Governments of London and Washington.
4. The Government's attitude towards Russia will be marked with goodwill and sincere desire of resuming normal relations as soon as posaible on the basis of mutual respect oT rights and interests.