Religious Habit Worn Again In Mexico
For the first time since 1857 priests, brothers and nuns were seen in public in full religious habit when Ciudad Juarez celebrated the " Mexican Border" Eucharistic Congress in May.
Another sign of the times was the public celebration in Mexico City of the anniversary of the Papal " Workers' Charter," though the celebration provoked hostile comment from the Mexican Confederation of Labour.
Thousands of American and Mexican Catholics attended the first " Mexican Border " Eucharistic CortgresA held under the spon.sorship of the Most Rev. Antonin Guizar y Valencia, Bishop of Chihuahua.
For the first time in history the bull ring in Ciudad Juarez was made available to church officials for some of the ceremonies, the Holy Hour for Spanish-speaking persons and the closing ceremony, on Saturday, being held there. More than 5,000 persons attended the Holy Hour and approximately 20,000 were present for the closing.
The opening of the Spanish-speaking section of the Congress took place in the Sacred Heart church, Bishop Guizar pontificating at Solemn Mass. The English section was opened last Thursday in the same church with the Most Rev. Anthony J. Schuler, Si., Bishop of El Paso, pontificating. English sessions of laymen were held in Our Lady of Guadalupe Mission and Spanish sessions in the Sacred Heart church.
" RERUM NOVARUM " CELEBRATED
The first Mexican Sentana Social, held to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the encyclical Rerum Novarum, has been seized upon by Fidel Velazquez, general secretary, and other leaders of the Mexican confederation of Labour (C.T.M.) as an opportunity for stirring up sectarian agitation. The week of social study was organised and directed by the Central Union of Mexican Catholic Action, and is in line with jubilee celebrations which are being held throughout the American Republics; but the C.T.M. agitators have chosen to interpret it as an intervention in political matters on the part of the Catholic clergy.
The C.T.M. issued a statement In which Ii said that " the activities mentioned and others that are being carried on by the Party of National Action, the National Sinarchist Union and the Mexican AutonMOUS Party, constitute a challenge to our revolutionary institutions because they seek to raise the banner of religion, and return Mexican life to the colonial epoch" But on Sunday, May 18, the National Catholic Confederation of Labour observed the fiftieth anniversary of Rerum Novarunt with a Mass in the Basilica of Guadalupe at which the Most Rev. Leopoldo Ruiz y Flores, Archbishop of Morelia, pontificated.