were announced in Rome this week. They showed the Vatican's concern to tread a delicate path between the conflicting demands of the country's conservative and liberal bishops.
The outline itinerary showed that the Pope will visit 12 major centres and travel nearly 19.000 miles during his 13-day trip. which starts on June 30, However, the continuing delay in publishing the full programme may reflect further disputes about precisely what the Pope should do.
Nevertheless the basic itinerary is well-balanced. As well as visiting established centres of government such as Brasilia and Rio. the Pope is to spend 24 hours in Recife, the home of radical archbishop Dom Helder Camara. There he is certain to go to the city's slum areas.
He will also go to Manaus, the centre of the Amazon region where government policies have been sharply criticised by church and human rights groups who say that Indians are being dispossessed of their traditional lands. Some bishops are keen for Pope John. Paul to hear the Indians' complaints. but the government is said to have wanted the area to he excluded
from the papal travels.
Sao Paolo is also on the itinerary. It was the scene of the recent car ssorkers' strike which led to a serious confrontation. between Church and State because of Church support for the strikers. The president, General Figneiredo, accused the Church of fomenting unrest, As part of his preparation for the visit, the Pope has been taking Portuguese lessons and practising in the Valium h1 saying Mass and giving homilies in the language.
According to Vatican sources the lessons were being given by Brazilian bishop Moreira Neves. The Pope is said to have picked up the language with ease. The Pope haseaso commented
on eriti, isms of his series of foreign trips. Ile said in an interview with the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano. "Many people sty the Pope is travelling too much ,0 too frequent intervals. Speaking from the human point of view. I think they are right. But it is providence which guides me and sometimes it suggests us to do certain things in excess: He said of his visit to France at the iteginning of the month: —rodd■ the Church in France is visibly going through a vocational crisis. It hits received a challenge to be itself, to continue to he what it was, 10 overcome its difficulties and remain faithful, missionary and creative."