NO VEMBER 1 3 — NO V EMBER i
AT HOME ABROAD
Armistice Day at Home
The King took part in the annual Armistice ceremony at the Cenotaph for the first time in his capacity of Sovereign. Those present included Queen Mary, the Duke of York, the Duke of Kent, Mr. Baldwin; Mr. Attlee and various Cabinet Minister. A short service was held, at which the Bishop of London officiated, and this, after the singing of the National Anthem, was followed by a long procession past the Cenotaph. Prominent among the pilgrims were the two-thousand unemployed hunger marchers. In the evening the King paid an informal visit to " the Field of Remembrenee " at Westminster Abbey, and then attended the British Legion Festival of Empire at the Albert Hall, where he recited Lawrence Binyon's poem of remembrance. Impressive ceremonies were also held all •over the country.
The I.ing Visits South Wales
The King left London on Tuesday night and prokeeded to Llantwit Major, whence he proceeded to Boverton and Dinas Welfare Asaociation. After a stop at Pontypridd, hp visited the Ministry of Labour Training Centre at Pentrebach and various centres at Merthyr Tydfil, as well as Aberdare and Mountain Ash, where he spent Wednesday night. On Thursday he visited social service and other centres, as well as recreation grounds, at Llanfrechfa, Pontypool, Cwniavon, Abertillery and Rhyrriney, whence he returned to London. Immense crowds ave him an enthusiastic welcome.
B.B.C. Slander Case
In reply to Mr. William Dobbie (Lab.), the Prime Minister stated in the House of Commons that a special board had been appointed to examine certain features arising out of the Lambert v. Levita case. The members of the board will b.e Sir Josiah Stamp, Sir Maurice Gwyer and Sir Find
later Stewart. Sir Josiah Stamp, a distinguished economist, is chairman of the L.M.S., While Sir Maurice Gwyer is a wellknown litwyer and Parliamentary Counsel to the Treasury. Sir Findlater Stewart has been Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India since 1930.
Fascist Funds from Abroad
Sir John Simon, the Home Secretary, informed Mr. Griffiths (Lab.) that both the [
Fascist and Communist parties had, to his
certain knowledge, received fUnds from abroad for their activities in Great Britain. Both Fascist and Communist leaders vigorously denied the truth of this statement
subsequeritly. It is thought that this fact, which has created a sensation, may have some bearing upon the new hill shortly to be introduced to deal with semi-military bodies.
Special Areas Report
Mr. Malcolm Stewart, the outgoing Com missioner for the Special Areas, has now issued his final report, and makes interest
ing and novel recommendations for the development of the Special Areas. Among these recommendations is one to place London " out of bounds " for future industrial development. He also states that too much reliance is placed on the possibility of rearmament and the defence programme. Some transfer of the crushing rate burden is recommended. There appears to be a tendency in the report to believe that more dtastie action is urgently requited.
New Governor-General for South Africa
The King has appointed Mr. Patrick Duncan, South African Minister of Mines, to be the next Governor-General of South Africa, in succession to the Earl of Clarendon. Of Scottish origin (he is the son of a Banffshire farmer), he is a South African by adoption and has been nominated in accordance with the recommendation of General Herzog, South Africa's Prime Minister. He is 66 and is married, with three sons and a daughter. His salary will be £10,000 a year. This is the second occasion upon which a citizen of a British dominion has been appointed GovernorGeneral of that dominion, the first instance having been that of Sir Isaac Isaacs, former Chief Justice of Australia, who was appointed Governor-General of Australia.
Little indication of the trend of opinion has been seen at Greenock, where polling takes place on November 26. At Preston, where the three candidates are Captain Cobb (Con.), Mr. Frank Bowles (Lab.) and Miss Florence White (National Spinsters' Association), the contest is keen and a close result is expected. The Preston Council of Peace and Reconstruction, which includes many leading Liberals, has issued a manifesto to its members urging them to support Mr. Bowles, but the Preston Liberal leaders have decided to give no official lead to their followers.
The sensation of the week at Westminster was provided by Mr. Baldwin's statement that he was unable to tell the country what he conceived to be the truth at the time of the East Fulham by-election, and that democracy was handicapped as against dictators. A vigorous defence of the Government's rearmament and defence programme was made by Mr. Baldwin and Sir Thomas Inskip, Minister of Defence, despite severe criticism from Mr. Winston Churchill in a
brilliant speech. It was also announced that food-rationing plans are now ready.
Armistice Day Abroad
Armistice Day ceremonies were attended by enormous crowds all over the world. In Canada the crowds were larger than usual, doubtless owing to the memory of the
recent Vimy Ridge pilgrimage. ln Australia Mr. J. Lyons emphasised Australia's desire for peace in a message to the Commonwealth. The Belgian ceremony included the award to the Unknown Soldier of the " Croix de Feu " by King Leopold, while at Washington President Roosevelt placed a wreath on the grave of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery. In trance political demonstrations were feared, but these fears proved groundless and the ceremonies were unusually impressive, the exServicemen's march being headed by a Communist, a Royalist and a Republican.
Palestine Royal Commission
The Royal Commission made its first public appearance in Palestine when its members attended the Armistice Day cere monies. Tles first meeting was held on November 12 and proceedings were broadcast in English, Hebrew and Arabic. A moving appeal was made by Earl Peel for Arab co-operation, but the Arab High Committee has sent a letter to the Commission declaring that it regrets its inability to offer the traditional Arab hospitality to the members of the Commission in view of the British Government's attitude and stating that there was little likelihood, in their opinion, of any of the Commission's recommendations being implemented. While Arab co-operation will therefore be impossible, deliberate obstruction on the part of the Arabs is considered unlikely.
New Moscow Trial
A large number of foreigners have been arrested in Moscow on charges of spying and other anti-Soviet activities. Most prominent among these are Germans, who include a Lutheran pastor, a doctor and a lawyer. Two British subjects are also among the arrested. Much concern is felt in Germany, and the German Ambassador in Moscow has returned to Moscow from his holiday in the Caucasus. An official statement from the Soviet Government has been issued, but has not satisfied the German Government.
Spanish Civil War
The siege of Madrid has lasted over a week and despite terrific bombardments there are as yet no signs of a decisive victory on the part of the Government or of the Nationalists, although it is unlikely that the city can continue to resist the overwhelming air onslaught very much longer. The casually list and damage are immense, hospitals, convents, churches and crowded working-class quarters having all suffered. The Government has removed to Valencia, but the Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs have returned to Madrid
to superintend the defence. All efforts are being concentrated by both sides on the Madrid front and there is little progress to be reported elsewhere, but the Government forces appear to have advanced in Biscay. On the Aragon front Huesca has been subjected to severe bombardment by Government forces, but remains in the Nationalists' hands.
Internationalisation of Rivers In a note sent to the different foreign governments concerned the German Government announces that it no longer recognises as binding the Versailles Treaty regulations relating to waterways on German territory. Further co-operation with the International Rivers Commission will be discontinued. The rivers thus affected will be the Elbe, the Oder, the Rhine and the Danube, together with the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. The note states that the German Government has made repeated efforts to obtain a solution acceptable to Germany, but that these efforts have failed, It is understood that the special Czechoslovakian harbour zones at Hamburg and Stettin will be maintained.
Anglo-Egyptian Treaty Voted in Cairo
The Cairo Chamber of Deputies has approved the text of the new AngloEgyptian Treaty by 202 to 11. An attack upon the military provisions was made by the nephew of the late Zaghlul Pasha, 13ahieddin Barakat Bey, but was answered by Mimed Maher, President of the Chamber. The result of the vote was loudly acclaimed and the treaty as a whole is popular in Egypt.
International Textile Conference
At the invitation of President Roosevelt the international Labour Office has decided to hold the forthcoming International Textile Conference at Washington early in April. The employers representatives abstained from voting. M. Jouhaux, representing the French workers, said that he hoped that the result of a conference held in a land where the forty-hour week was applied would be the universal application of the forty-hour week.
Scene in French Chamber
Violent and heated demonstrations took place in the French Chamber when M. Salengro, Minister of the Interior, was acquitted on a charge of desertion during the War. M. Blum intervened personally in the debate and produced documents to support his contention that the accusation was purely political and had in any case been acquitted by a military court as long ago as 1916.