operations of thinning out old wood on gooseberries and blackcurrants should be practised as I advised last week. Soon it will be thc time for the raspberries and loganberries. The same fundamental principle applies as for blackcurrants, but it is advisable to say a little about them in detail. Both these cane fruits bear on wood made during the previous summer; the hairy shoots now beginning to grow rapidly from below are what we depend on for next year's crop. As' soon as ever all ale current season's fruit has been picked, therefore, we should cut out every bit of the old wood. If there is the slighest discoloration of wood or lea' owing to disease, burn the pruning at once. Tile young wood should he carefully tied in, but securely ; it easily breaks on loganberries. About four or six good new shoots from the base of a strong raspberry clump arc all you require. Cut out the superfluous growth. About four should be the maximum on a loganberry, as this number will then become long and fruitful.
The June drop " of apples. and pears. which is Nature's way of easing lc trees of their surplus yield, has now taken place in all except backward districts, and apples and pears should now he thinned to two fruits or one where a bunch had set. If the work is,done gradually (and you have any sugar) you can keep up a constant succession of apple pigs from the young fruits.
Only too often an early sowing of
carrots is disappointing owing to seed totting, to carrot fly and to splitting of the roots. Even if you failed with ydur first lot you can be hopeful of success by sowing now in good friable soil that is not short of food left over from. a previous crop. (Fresh manure should not be used.) Seed sown now and teetered or tamed on Will germinate quickly and well. The young plants of a variety such as Early Market will bulk early and yield heavily. They can either be taken up for autumn storage or even be left in the ground to he drawn on in winter as required. Sowings can be continued in succession into early August unless your garden is one which becomes sodden in winter. Carrot fly need not be feared at this season.
Swedes are not grown half enough.
The garden varieties are succulent and smaller; in flavour they are greatly superior, in my opinion, lo the ordinary luinips. Now is a good tirne for sowing some to steed throughout thy winter. Swedes are extremely hardy.
Perpetual spinach may be sown, for autumn and winter gathering. The variety Lueullus re a good curled Solt is a great improvement on the old. Thin the plants to nine inches or a foot apart, and do not pick too early.
Remember what a good stand-by leeks arc. They may be dibbed in
holes nine inches teea foot deep. A little soil may be piessed ;upon the roots, and the dibble holes filled with water. These should be about a foot each way between the plants.