O1JR contemporary, the Universe, is running a correspondenoe on the vexed question of "Catholic" or 'Roman Catholic "—and so is the Church Times. In the latter paper s. contributor brightly remarks that " while Roman Catholics abroad seem to glory in their proper title, those in England are apparently ashamed of it?' Has anyone ever heard the name "Roman Catholic " used on the Continent? I never have. "Catholic Roman " or "Catholic and Roman's might occasionally be used in a formal manner, but never " Roman Catholic.'' Cardinal Bourne used the following definition of the Church, and it makes very clear where the " Roman " comes in: " The Church instituted by Jesus Christ is the visible society of men who, having received baptism, are united in the profession of the same faith and in one communion, and are seeking the same spiritual end under the authority of the Roman Pontiff, the successor of St. Peter, and of the bishops who are In union with him,"
MANY a journalist will heartily syrnpathise with Sir Bernard Partridge's complaint, as related in an interview in the current issue of the Artist. "To play the game successfully." he said, " you must be prepared at a moment's notice to draw any conceivable thing under the sun, or in fancy far beyond it; any figure, male, female or of childhood, any period or costume; animal, the seas, and in fact, any or everything that may occur or be topical to put before the readers, and deliver it over (hurried or not) for public criticism In a few hours and with a hard and fast limit of time. You must also possess and retain good health, for this has to be done week after week, ' one down, the other come on,' or you would soon fall out and be forgotten."
An Amazing Record
SIR BERNARD has been doing this for nearly fifty years in Puneh, and to this work of a cartoonist he has sacrificed his many-sided artistic talent. As the Artist tells its readers. Partridge was educated at Stonyhuret, where perhaps he acquired his firest interest in ecciesiestical work—altar pieces, stained glass, etc.—an interest which has made itself felt throughout his life in the monumental style of his cartoons. Sir Bernard was born in 1561, hut to judge by Howard Coster's photograph he is twenty years younger than his age. And what vitality to keep in such close weekly touch with events when nearing eighty!
More Anglican " Penguins"
ir recently mentioned the seriea of religious booklets called Signposts. Another example of the intense activity of Anglican circles is afforded by another series called Christian NewsLetter Books, each of which also veils for a shilling. One of them is a reprint of Middleton Murry's broadcasts last winter, a reprint introduced by the dismal view that " what remains to-day of institutional Christianity is divorced from any way of life." I wish Middleton Murry, with his keen perception of what is wrong with the world, would study the writings of Von Iliigel. I doubt if, after doing so, he would set his name to so superficial and, indeed, stupid a generalisation. I say von Hugel because he was at least as much aware as Murry of the defects of institutional religion in these times or In any other time.
Should We Be In On All This?
THE beet of thls new series is The Resurrection of Christendom, by J. H. Oldham, the editor of the Christian sews-Letter. It is a short, simple and essentially accurate statement of the relation between Christianity and society, the constructive parts of which seem indebted to T. S. Eliot's The Idea of a Christian Society. I bow to wiser minds than mine, but I cannot help thinking that these are approaches to the most vital problem of our day with which Catholic thinkers should be co-operating.
Chesterton and Dean Inge
AR BELLOC lately noted in the IVI Weekly Review that the reaction against Chesterton has begun. I Imagine he was thinking of an article by Dean Inge in the Evening Standard in which this old adversary executed a few solemn capers on a great man's grave. The Dean said that nobody now would class Chesterton with Shaw and Wells, in which assertion I trust he is right. Chesterton once confessed that. the Socialist temptation he had known was .that of becoming a sort of one-man church—like Shaw and Wells, but of course he didn't say that.
Having chosen instead to spend himself in the service of the Church of Christ, I don't doubt he could have foretold with sweet-tempered irony what actually occurred on the day after he died; when the entire " national " Press mourned the death of a writer of popular crime-detection stories.
The history of Europe is the history of the Church that Chesterton gave his great heart to; and when the history of these days comes to be written (perhaps in Swaheii) Shaw and Wells will be remembered as two obscure and misinformed heresiarchs notable for some association with the gallant Chesterton. On which side Dean Inge can be reckoned posterity must judge for itself.
The Legion's Expansion
THE Legion of Mary quarterly, Maricze Legianis, Is a splendid threepence worth, what with the triumphant ending of Legionary Claire Williams' mission to the Soviet capital, by Stalin's sanctioning of the establishment of a praesidium in Moscow (this kind of embassy Is all In the day's work for the Legion!) and the no less exciting though soberly truthful account by Mr Frank Duff of early Legion visiting In one of Dublin's toughest parts.
I can't resist quoting the rather misleading peroration of Fr. E. Haskins' description of the Legion's work in California; " But the Legion of Mary has made a good start in convincing the inhabitants of this fabulous land that they will do well to barter the happiness of heaven beyond the grave for the pleasures of a paradise on this side."
Coma come, Father; even the League of the Godless don't go so far as that( T"" Don't Fight Russia '' brigade of Left writers is campaigning hard. I transcribe a letter written by them to the Press, merely altering "Russia " to "Germany," with other necessary changes to fit. to sec what happens: Slr,—Judging by many signs there would appear to be grave and imminent danger of war by an attack by the Governments of Britain and France upon Germany. This we regard with the greatest apprehension. By such action quite incalculable risks would be Incurred by our country and the British Empire (sic) all over the world. A nation of 100 millions would be our enemy. The most efficient and mechanised of modern armies would snake a military victory impossible for us.
"But it is even more serious that, no matter what errors (sic) Nazi Germany may have committed, quite a large section of the people of this country— capitalists, Fascists, Christians, intelligent workers, what not, who have been watching with interest the vast social and economic experiments of authoritarian countries—would interpret the action of our rulers as a defence of plutodemocracy. There would be—if these sections were not loyal—a disastrous end to the unity of the country. We therefore appeal to our fellow citizens to use their utmost efforts to prevent our Government from taking this ruinous action,"
Ireland's Protestant " Rebels
I SEE that somebody has written to the /rise. Times pulling the old gag that extreme Irish patriotism Is a product of Catholicism. The fact is, of course, that the most intransigent "rebels" have usually been either Protestant revoltes or Catholics whose religion has become a 'matter of sentiment rather than practice.
The writer mentions Isaac Butt, " Father of Home Rule," John Mitchel, Thomas Davis, Robert Emmet, Wolfe Tone, Charles Parnell, Erskine Childers, Mme. Markievicz, and Roger Casement --all Protestants.