MAY 14 — MAY 18
Wonderful Coronation Triumph
King George and Queen Elizabeth were crowned King and Queen of England at Westminster Abbey on May 12 amidst unparalleled demonstrations of popular loyalty and enthusiasm. The ancient ceremony was performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury and was witnessed by eight thousand people. It is estimated that millions saw the procession to and from the Abbey and practically the entire ceremony was broadcast throughout the Empire and most of the world. Part of the procession was televised.
After Mr. Baldwin and the Prime Ministers of the various Dominions had broadcast their homage to the King and Queen, H.M. the King broadcast a memorable speech to the Empire, in which he spoke of his dedication to his people and the Empire.
Subsequently the King and Queen went for a drive in North London, and again wild scenes of enthusiasm were witnessed. Their Majesties have repeatedly had to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to acknowledge the cheers of the crowds assembled before the Palace. The number of visitors to London for the Coronation period has been unprecedented.
Many outstanding personalities are included in the long and varied Coronation Honours list. Sir Herbert Samuel and Sir Robert Horne become viscounts, while Mr. Isaac Foot, Mr. Pethick-Lawrence and Lord Snell become Privy Councillors. Further peers include Sir George Penny, Sir George Bowyer and Dr. C. Addison. Among the women honoured are the Duchesses of Argyll, Kent and Gloucester, the Queen of Norway and Princesses Beatrice and Alice, Lady Astor, Lady Strathmore and Miss Marie Tempest. Other well-known recipients of honours include Mr. Arnold Bax,, Mr. "Plum" Warner, the Duke of Norfolk, General Baden-Powell, Dr. Burgin, Sir hem Cadman, Sir Hubert Gough, Sir George Hamilton, Mr. Hugh Walpole and Viscount Galway.
In addition to the by-elections pending at Plymouth (Drake) and Holland-withBoston, where the National Conservative and National Liberal majorities were respectively 6,078 and 11,898, the Honours List necessitates further by-elections at Kingston-on-Thames, Glasgow (Hineed) and Buckingham, where the Conservative majorities are 22,939, 9,801, and 5,688. All are safe National seats and no changes are anticipated beyond reduced majorities. The only two seats where a Labour victory is not entirely to be ruled out are Plymouth (Drake) and Buckingham. The retiring M.P.s who go to the House of Lords are Sir George Penny, Sir Robert Horne and Sir George Bowyer.
Viscount Snowden Dead
The death at the age of 72 of Philip Viscount Snowden of lekoinshaw removes one of the most striking political personalities of the twentieth century. The son of Keighley cotton worker, he was educated at a Board school and entered the Civil Service in 1886. He soon retired and devoted himself to political work, being among the first members of the Labour Party. A tireless propagandist despite his physical infirmity, he was elected as Labour M.P. for Blackburn in 1906 after several unsuccessful contests. During the Great War he was a pacifist and afterwards repre sented Cokm Valley in Parliament. in 1924 and again from 1929 to 1931 he was Chancellor of the Exchequer, but in 1931 joined the National Government, from which he soon resigned, however, as a pro test against a tariff police. Since then he had been an independent Radical, opposed to the Government. An outstanding speaker and fearless personality, his bitterness had made him enemies as well as friends, but his complete honesty, clarity of thought and courage in the face of his frail health and sufferings long since earned him the respect and admiration of the entire nation.
imperial Conference Opens
The Imperial Conference was opened by Mr. Baldwin, who referred to world unrest and made it clear that the Conference had a duty to see whether the Empire could not make some contribution towards allaying that unrest. Mr. Lyons, the Australian Premier, and Mr. Mackenzie King, the Canadian Premier, followed with speeches in which they made it clear that they would be prepared to give a lead towards removal of world tariff barriers and Mr Savage, if more non-committal, gave evidence of the same attitude. General Hertzog emphasised that South Africa fully realised how far her fate was linked to that of Europe. It is understood that South Africa will probably press for a return to the Gold Standard.
The London 'busmen decided by a large majority to reject the London Passenger Transport Board's offer and stand firm for a seven-and-a-half hour day. There are no signs as yet of the strike ending and an extension is to be feared, as tramwaymen are getting restive, particularly after the very heavy Coronation traffic. A coal strike, too, is highly likely on May 29.
American Flyers Return Dublin Statue Blown 11p
Two well-known American flyera, Dick Merrill and Jack Larnbie, have established a world record of five days for a double Atlantic crossing. On the return flight they covered the distance from Southport to New York in 24 hours 22 minutes, establishing another record. Newfoundland was reached 16 hours and 1 minute after leaving England. The previous record was also held by Merrill, who with Harry Richman had flown from England to New York in • 17 hours 44 minutes in 1936. Arrangements for the carrying of Coronation films fell through. The fee far the double flight is said to be £20,000.
Japanege Explosion Disaster
A terrible explosion in an Osaka Kaisha Japanese launch in Hong-Kong harbour caused the death of more than forty Japanese passengers when the launch suddenly blew up alongside a pier crowded avith Chinese. The entire vessel blew to pieces and bodies were hurled right into the town. The cause of the explosion has so far not been discovered.
British Warship Damaged Off Spain
An explosion has occurred in the British warship Hunter, while on patrol for purposes of non-intervention off Almeria, and bad to be towed into Almeria harbour by a Spanish Government warship Jaime Primer°. The accident is thought to have been due to a floating mine. As a result of this explosion eight men were killed and fourteen wounded. General Franco's headquarters at Salamanca state, however, that this accident was caused deliberately by the Spanish Government in order to secure British intervention in the Civil War. Some of the victims were buried with full naval honours at Gibraltar.
Mussolini and Hitler Rumours
Much excitement was caused in Europe when it was learnt that the German Railways had asked the Austrian Railways for permission to run a special train through Austria to Italy, and many believed that Herr Hitler would be on the train and that Signor Mussolini would return with him to Germany. Actually, however, General Goering alone travelled on the train and the train returned empty, despite hints from Germany as to the desirability of a visit from the Italian dictator. The latter will probably visit Ilerr Hitler later, but not, it is thought, until the Spanish intervention problem appears definitely liquidated. It is known, however, that General Goering had a long and important conversation with Signor Mussolini.
A sensation was created when the famous bronze statue of George II in St. Stephen's Green, Dublin, was blown up on the morning after Coronation Day, The force of the explosion was such that windows were broken for some distance around,
Despite a Government ban a Republican meeting was held up to protest against the King being crowned as King of Ireland.
Spanish Government Reshuffle
Sefior Largo Caballero, the former Premier, in view of the growing hostility and charges of incompetence levelled at him, has resigned the Premiership. He was unable to form a new Cabinet owing to
the Communist refusal to join. A new Cabinet has been formed by Senor Negrin, a more moderate Socialist. The Socialists, Catalans, Basques, Left Republicans and Conimunists are in the new Cabinet, but not the Anarchists. The power Of the Trade Unions has been reduced and it is thought that Sealor Negrin is likely to reflect the more moderate tendencies of Schor Prieto. Dissatisfaction with the prosecution of the Civil War and the late Premier's plan to assume complete control are thought to be the causes Of the crisis.
Spanish Civil War
Despite the evacuation of thousands of Bilbao children and a desperate resistance, the Basques are being slowly driven back in the Bilbao district and it is thought that the latter city may soon fall. Terrific bombardments' continue. There has also been a heavy bombardment of Valencia, in which there were many casualties. A Catalan offensive is likely in Aragon as a possible means of relieving the pressure on Bilbao.
Albanian Rebellion Crushed
A revolt has broken out in Southern Albania, but is now suppressed by the Albanian Government, the leader, Ethen Toto, being in flight and his brother killed. The revolt did not spread beyond Argyrocastro, which the rebels had seized. Some reports attribute the cause to Communist propaganda and others to Greek intrigues and dislike of King Zog's dictatorship.
Russia Still More Militarised
A drastic new Russia decree provides for the creation of all-powerful military coonelk throughout Russia to combat Trotskyite and foreign espionage and sabotage. These councils will be answerable for the possible mobilisation and militarisation of their entire districts.
New Recordings for May
A new set of records of Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto iii D comes to hand this month. Heifetz and the London Philharmonic Orchestra under Barbirolii have produced a brilliant and powerful recording. The Concerto, written in 1879, is free from morbidity though written actually when the composer was recovering from severe illness, and has a lyrical happiness about it that has long since endeared it to the public; the verve and gaiety of the Finale are a good tonic for any fit of the blues. It is difficult to realise today that it was originally received with coldness and even hostility; things seldom went right for this composer! However, he lived long enough to see it an established favourite.
For once the Finale is given without any cuts; for a wrongheaded practise of cutting this last movement has caused some of us to protest loudly in the past. But Heifetz is guilty of no such sin; he obviously enjoys every note of it. (H.M.V.; with album, DB 3159-62 and analytical note.) The Seigfried Idyll has found many interpreters since it was first played by Wagner's little band in 1870 beneath his wife's window; Hans Richter played the trumpet part on that historic occasion. On DB 2920-1 Toscanini and the New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra give a restrained and poetical performance of this enchanting music—really a meditation on motives from the opera with a folk theme added. These records should whet our appetite to hear this great conductor in the B.B.C. Musical Festival.
Wanda La ndowska
The name of Wanda Landowska has been associated so much with the harpsi
chord that it is worth realising what supreme command she has also of the hammerklavier, or piano; in the Coronation Concerto of Mozart her gifts find their full expression. This Concerto was written at the time of the Coronation of Leopold II in Frankfurt; and the current story is that Mozart wrote it to pay for his own expenses, as he was not personally invited. (H.M.V. DB 3147-50.) The accompaniment is entrusted to a Chamber Orchestra under Walter Goehr; the records are a grand investment for any lover or Mozart; his Fantasia in D appears on the last side of the third record.
Paderewski reappears once more with a recording of Chopin's Polonaise in A Flat, Op. 53; Cortot, with a rendering of Schumann's early work called "Papillons"; and if you want some light music for the present season of festival, try Eric Coates' "Summer Days Suite "—for here is "Merry England" before the advent of Jazz. (H.M.V. B 8560.) Vocal records. dance music and " swing " music all find their place in the May lists of the Gramophone Company. C. G. M.