Page 1, 22nd July 1949

22nd July 1949
Page 1
Page 1, 22nd July 1949 — Text Of The Decree Of The Holy Office

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Text Of The Decree Of The Holy Office

The full text, in the official English translation, of the answers to the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office regarding Communism and the excommunication of Communists and their defenders and supporters.

"This Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office has been asked : Whether it is lawful to enlist in or show favour to the Communist Party; Whether it is lawful to publish, read or disseminate books, newspapers, periodicals or leaflets in support of Communist doctrine and practice or write in them any articles; Whether Catholics who knowingly and freely place actions as specified in Nos. I and 2 above may be admitted to the Sacraments;

(4) Whether Catholics who profess, and particularly those who defend and spread, the materialistic and anti-Christian doctrine of the Communists, ipso facto, as apostates from Catholic faith, incur excommunication reserved especially to the Holy See? " The most eminent and reverent fathers, charged with the defence of matters pertaining to faith and morals. after having previously heard the opinion of the consultors, at a plenary session held on Tuesday, June 28, 1949, decreed that the above-mentioned questions be answered as followss "To No. 1, in the negative, for Communism is materialistic and anti-Christian. Besides, Communist leaders, although they sometimes verbally assert that Ihey are, not opposed to religion, show themselves, nevertheless. both by doctrine and ection, to be in reality enemies of God. of the trite religion and of the Church of Christ.

"To No. 2, in the negative, inasmuch as this is prohibited by law itself (c.f. Canon Law 1399).

"To No. 3, in the negative, in accordance with the common principles governing the refusal of the sacraments to those not having the proper dispositions.

"To No. 4, in the affirmative. "And on the followigg Thursday, the 30th of the same month, His Holiness, Pope Pius XII, when informed of the decision in the usual audience granted to His Excellency the Most Rev. Assessor, approved and ordered to be published the above answers in the Acta A pa.stalirac " (Signed) PETER VtCoRt1A, Notary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office."

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