By Fr. J. .1
ROM the first Liturg " Priory, Co. Limericl ment in Ireland has got
Some 80 priests, secular and regular, from all parts of the country attended the two-day meeting sponsored by the Prior and prompted by the Provincial of the Irish Dominicans, Fr.
Each day began with None and High Mass in the Priory Church.
Thus Liturgy was not just something to be talked about but something to be done.
If the Mass is the heart of the Liturgy and so of the Liturgical movement, then Ireland already possesses the core of the business.
But if the Liturgical movement involves, as it does, a great understanding of the Mass and a more active attitude to offering it, then Ireland still has something to learn, as the priests who took part in the congress were the first to admit.
A remote ideal
Ireland has its own spirit and its
own problems. and any liturgical movement there roust take account
of these. This point was clearly realised from the start. Active participation by the people through the Sung Mass is a remote ideal for the most part-though more has been done in this respect than one had
ti rnh aatgined-and it was emphasised whatever is to be done must be done at first within the context of the Low Mass.
The principal emphasis was not on practical techniques and secondary ways and means but on the Liturgy itself and what it is. All four papers in their different ways set this out in masterly style.
Father Prior said in the first address: Liturgy is not a matter of ceremonial. Fr. Bardon put it more
forcefully still : Liturgical movements are necessary to keep religion from petrifying into mere rubricism and formalism.
Liturgy, they both pointed out, rcferring to the Papal teaching, is the exercise of Christ's priesthood on earth. Liturgy is redemption and
cal Congress in Glenstal , the Liturgical moveoff to a flying start.
Christ our Lord is nowhere more active than in the Liturgy.
It was reassuring to observe that all the speakers stuck to the central teaching of the Encyclical Mediator Dei and this prevented the very vigorous and lengthy discussions straying into !is paths.
This was true even of the practical papers, one on "The Liturgy in a City Parish," the other on "Liturgy in a Rural Parish," read by Fr. W. Breen and Dr. O'Dwyer.
The high spot
These were not accounts of what was being done but rather suggestions as to what could be done.
The high spot of the congress was Fr. Bardon's paper on "Recent Phases of the Liturgical Movement," which turned out to be a brilliant study of the theology of Liturgy but with some very practical conclusions.
If Liturgy is Christ exercising His priesthood through His members, then the one thing the Liturgical movement has to achieve is to get the people to offer with the priest. "Get the people to do the Mass with the priest," he said. Bring them as close to the Mass as possible and give them the fullest possible understanding of it.
Here are the true riches of Christianity. and if this is right all else will fall into its proper place.
What was interesting from an Englishman's point of view was to hear the Irish clergy expressing dissatisfaction with certain aspects of the existing state of affairs.
But as time went on it became clear that the general drift of discussion was turning towards the one practical and all-important point: the parish and the community parish Mass. This is the thing that above all, not only in Ireland, but also in England, needs tackling.
If we could get but one Sunday Mass in every parish church-and especially every big parish churchactively offered by the people, in however simple a way, then we should be a long way towards achieving the aims of the Liturgical movement which the Church has put in the forefront of her programme.
As Fr. Garde said in his summing up, the parish must appear as the Body of Christ here and now, fed from the one bread that makes us one body and living out the consequences of that in a community held together by the love of Christ.
The starting point
Right from the beginning the Liturgical movement in Ireland has expressed its concern for the parish. for the people and for the people's Mass, and whatever it may achieve in the future-and it is to be hoped that it has a long and vigorous life before it-it certainly moves from the right starting point.
Before the meeting closed it was announced that a small committee had been set up (consisting of both parish clergy and religious) to ensure the continuity of the work and that the proceedings would be published in the Furrow. whose editor has done so much not only to promote the congress but to introduce a new note into the pastoral outlook in Ireland.
For the English visitor, the congress was the happiest of occasions, and the warmth of Irish hospitality was overwhelming. We are sure that English priests will find future liturgical congresses in Ireland a most enjoyable experience.
'Write, write, write,' and thrust a pencil into my hands.
"I got a bit browned off, and said, 'O.K.. I'll write.' And I wrote the story about Goldilocks and the Three Bears."
The Chinese guards to whom Derek was next entrusted were "not amused" by his attitude of defiance. They tied his leg behind his back and knotted the rope round his neck so that if he tried to lower the leg he would strangle himself. He was kept trussed up in this fashion for at least 12 hours.
He decided that there was nothing for it but to escape again. Although he was suffering from severe hernia, he made the attempt, and was free for 36 hours before being recaptured.
This time he was beaten black and blue, put into handcuffs and thrown into a kennel-like box 5 ft. by 2f ft. for a week. He was forced either to sit cross-legged or to stand all that time because of the confined space.
"They fed me like an animal," he said. "Others were in these boxes next to me. The majority were in handcuffs, too. Sometimes they'd take us away and lead us to the toilet handcuffed. Sometimes they wouldn'L It all depended on the guard."
One day, after an interrogation, Derek was beaten up again. 14e was finally made to stand at attention for seven hours.
When finally he complained. the guard commander and his men set on him with sticks, bayonets and rifles -prodding, beating and bludgeoning him.
The rough treatment suddenly ended when the guard commander, who was beating him with the butt of his sub-machine gun dropped dead -killed by a bullet from his own weapon.
Blamed for this accident, Derek was stripped and thrashed until he fell unconscious. He was thrown into a subterranean cell infested by rats.
On his release Derek celebrated Coronation Day by wearing a rosette, to the fury of his guards.
The citation which accompanied the award of his George Cross said: "His powers of resistance and his determination to oppose and fight the enemy to the maximum were beyond praise. His example was an inspiration to all ranks who came in contact with him."
Derek Kinne, now demobilised, has a one-man washing machine business. Last week he received a cheque for £60 from well-wishers in London, Yorkshire. and other parts of the country, including the girls of the Windmill Theatre in London.
He will be given a civic reception by the Lord Mayor of Leeds and members of the City Council at the council's meeting on May 5, and a presentation will be made to him.
His mother and family have been invited to the ceremony.
Derek is an old boy of St. Charles's School, Leeds.
After his brother Raymond had been killed he volunteered to take his place and rejoined the Army soon after a Requiem Mass had been offered at St. Patrick's Church for Raymond.