' ARNBOROMH Court, a large mansion standing in over 12 acres of Hampshire countryside, close by St. Michael's Abbey, which was taken over by the Benedictines only six years ago, is to he released from requisition by the Air Ministry.
Belonging originally to the French Benedictines, Farnborough Court was taken over early in the war by the Royal Air Force and has fallen into a bad state of repair.
After buying the mansion, the Benedictines will later this year open it as a guest and retreat house for priests and laity and will take a small number of permanent guests.
Retreats will be given by the monks of Farnborough. The house will be in the charge of a lay warden and his wife. Visitors will be able to join in the offices and conferences of the abbey church.
most important in Curia.
Sometimes, however, a Cardinal becomes a Bishop after receiving the Red Hat; the present Dean of the Sacred College, Cardinal Tisserant, was consecrated a year after his "creation" in 1936.
The present Secretary of the Holy Office is Cardinal Pizzardo, who, however, is also Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Seminaries and University Studies, and has thus been in the unusual position of heading two Congregation!.
The Holy Office promotes and defends faith and morals and is concerned too with the Eucharistic fast —hence its latest Instruction, published last week—with indulgences and with the Index of Forbidden Books.
The only other head of a Congregation who is not a Bishop is Cardinal Bruno, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation, which was established to see to the observance of the decrees of the Council of Trent, and deals, among other things, with conferences of Bishops.
CARDINAL VALERL until now Assessor of the Sacred Congregation of the Oriental Rites, has been appointed Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Religious, which has authority over all religious orders and congregations.
1 his Congregation has been without a Prefect for a considerable time. and his work has fallen upon a Claretian priest, Fr. Arcadia Larraona.
Cardinal Valeri was president of the Central Committee in Rome for the Holy Year of 1950. For many years he was a member of the Holy See's diplomatic corps, serving as Nuncio in Rumania and then in France. Previously he had been Apostolic Delegate in Egypt.
The complete unity of the Latin and the Catholic Eastern Rites is demonstrated yet again by the Holy Father's appointment of a priest of the Byzantine Rite, Fr. Acascius Coussa, as Assessor of the Sacred Congregation of the Oriental Church in place of Cardinal Valeri. Fr. Coussa, a very well-known figure in Rome, is a leading authority on Canon Law. He was formerly secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the interpretation of the new Code of Canon Law and of the Pontifical Commission for the drafting of the Code of Canon Law for the Oriental Church.
The Pope is the Prefect of this Congregation. The Secretary is Cardinal Tisserant.
His Eminence unites East and West in his daily recitation of the Rosary— one day in Italian, the next in French, and then English, German, Persian, Russian, Hebrew, Arabic, Syrian, Assyrian and Ethiopian.