Page 7, 24th December 1936

24th December 1936
Page 7
Page 7, 24th December 1936 — The News That Interests and Matters DECEMBER 18 DECEMBER 22
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The News That Interests and Matters DECEMBER 18 DECEMBER 22

AT HOME

Coronation Proclaimed

The coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, to be held at Westminster Abbey on May 12, was proclaimed with the usual ceremony at St. James's Palace,. Charing Cross, Temple Bar and the Royal Exchange. The ceremony at St. James's Palace was watched by Queen Mary from a window in Marlborough House. Many norninations have been made to the Coronation Claims Committee, including the. Archb shop of Canterbury, the Prime Minist r, Mr. Ramsay MacDonald, Lord Hails , Lord Hewart, the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Cromer, the Earl of OnsloW and the Archbishop of York. Claim a previously allowed will remain in force.

Cotton Strike Averted

A settlement has been announced of the threatened dispute regarding the wages increaSe of Lancashire cotton operatives, which would have involved 100,000 workers. The joint conference of employe' and workers' organisations agreed that wages should be increased all round by 9f per cent. on the price-list rates and that certain categories of operations should receive an adeitional two shillings per week each. The employers obtain from Ili the o eratives a promise to co-operate in the in ernal reorgarlisation of the mills. This is the first increase in wages granted to Lancashire spinning operatives since 1920, but tl -y have hail their alieady low wages reduc d no less than six times during that perio

Left U d Front?

It is announced that a temporary alliance similar to the Continental United Front between the Socialist League (a left-wing sectio a of the Labour Party), the Independent Labour Pal ty and the Communist Party has not yet been made, as en °aeons!) announced, but is under consideration. The proposal has already been bitterly attacked by the Daily Herald and the Labour Party, and is cc Lain to meet with much opposition. Sir Stafford Cripps is chaiiman and leader of the Socialist League, which is not a large body, with Mainly middle-class and intellectual .support. The Independent Labour Party is verp small and devoid of influence, save in ceijain parts of Western Scotland.

B.B.C. Inquiry Report

The Committee of Inquiry set up by the Gove nment to examine the situation as .eIrtegar s the B.B.C. and the position resulting recently from the Lambert-Levita case has issued its report, The Governors and officials are criticised, although Mr. Lambert's persecution theory is refuted and he himself ilir criticised. All parties are blamed for illadvised actions. It is found that Sir John Reith and Sir Stephen Tallents acted with great patience towards Mr. Lambert. The mernhers of the Committee were Sir Maurice Gwyer, K.C., First Parliamentary Counsel, Sir Findlater Stewart, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India, and Sir Josia Stamp, chairman of the L.M.S.

+ Rail ay.

New B.B.C. Governors Appointed

Major Tryon, Postmaster General, announced in the House of Commons that two new Governors of the B.B.C. are to be appointed, thus bringing the number up to seven. They are Sir Ian Fraser, the blind Conservative M.P. for North St. Pancras, and Mr. J. J. Mallon, Warden of Toynbee Hall and former Labour candidate for Saffron Walden.

Sir Ian Fraser was blinded in the Great War, on the Somme, and has done much work on the London County Council and for St. Dunstan's. He has represented North St. Pancras from 1924 to 1929 and since 1931 and is a barrister. Mr. Mallon has been a prominent social worker for many years and helped organise the AntiSweating Exhibitinn of 1906. He has served on many trade union and welfare work committees and has a wide experience of public life.

Sir Ian Fraser's announcement of his resignation from Parliament involves a byelection in North St. Pancras.

The figures at the 1935 General Election were: Sir Ian Fraser (Cons.) .. 16,888 Mr. H. M. Tibbles (Lab.) 13,287 Mr. W. 0. Hall (Lib.) .. 1,259 Conservative majority 3,601 In 1931 Sir Ian Fraser won the seat with a majority of 10,233, but in 1929 Mr. James Moi ley (Lab.) was returned with a majority of 4,115.

Government and Fiduciary Guarantee

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Neville Chamberlain, has announced that the gold store of the Issue Department of the Bank of England is to be increased by £65,000,000 as a temporary measure. The fiduciary issue is accordingly to be reduced by £60,000,000 in order to avoid a sharp expansion of credit. Mr. Chamberlain denied that this was a deflationary measure and gave a guarantee that trade would not be adversely affected by the measure in question.

Cruisers to be Retained

Sir Samuel Hoare, First Lord of the Admiralty, announced in the House of Commons that the five cruisers due to be scrapped in accordance with the London Naval Agreement. of 1930 are to be retained. They are the Cardiff, Ceres. Calypso, Caledon and Caradoc. Sir Samuel Hoare declared that the deterioration of the international situation rendered the scrapping of these cruisers inadvisable, and that of the other parties to the London Naval Agreement, the U.S.A. and Japan, who had been consulted, the U.S.A. were not opposed to the proposal and Japanese agreement was also expected. The vessels in question were built during the Great War and are past the agreed age-limit for vessels of their type.

ABROAD

Civil War in China

The situation in China has deteriorated owing to the failure on the part of the rebels to release the Premier, General Chiang Kai-shek. The Nanking Government has determined not to yield to the rebels' demands (which include co-operation with the Communists against Japan), but has put 150,000 soldiers under General Ho Yiug-Chin, the Minister of War, in the field against the Premier' s captors, and claims to have taken the city of Hwahsien. Despite the opening of hostilities Mr. T. V. Soong, of the Bank of China, the Premier's brother-in-law, has arrived in Sianfu, where the Premier is held captive, and is trying to negotiate privately for his release.

Italian Move in Arabia?

It is unofficially reported from Aden that the concession of the Bedouin port of Assadi el Fayal, in the Arabian Sultanate of Hadramaut, has been purchased by Italians. The Bedouin owners of the seaport are stated to be independent of the Sultans governing the interior and exterior parts of the Hadramaut, who in 1888 accepted the British protectorate and undertook not to lease territory to any foreign Power without the British Government's consent. British officials are said to be investigating the position.

Rationing Imposed in Germany

In accordance with the requirements of the Four-Year Plan a strict scheme of rationing is to be inaugurated in Germany. Butter, margarine, bacon, lard and other fats are to be rationed, and a scheme has been devised whereby retail shopkeepers will only be able to serve registered customers, thus avoiding double purchasing, frauds, etc. . . . Foreign fruit. is scarce, dear and strictly limited, while a scarcity of wheat and rye is also threatened, and it is forbidden to use these latter for fodder. A drastic food economy campaign is planned in order that requirements should be lowered to fit in with the military aims of the Four-Year Plan, and measures are to be taken against hoarders and others who sell privately.

Abyssinian General Surrenders

It is reported from Addis Ababa that Ras halm, the leader of Abyssinian resistance to the Italians, has surrendered after a final all-day battle near Bonga, in the west. Ras Imru was undoubtedly the best Abyssinian general in the war with Italy, and his surrender, together with the recent Italian entry into Gore, where a provisional independent government had resided, marks the end of any effective Abyssinian resistance to Italy.

Pan-American Conference

The Pan-American Conference, opened by President Roosevelt, at Buenos Ayres, has concluded, and in addition to many agreements concerning cultural co-operation, scholastic instructions, etc. . . . im portant steps have been taken to safeguard American neutrality in the event of war. While the allegiance of the South and Central American States to the League of Nations is to remain unimpaired, and no Pan-American League of Nations is as yet to be formed, it is agreed that all American states will deliberate in common for mutual defence in the event of a war between two American nations or of any war likely to endanger the peace of either of the American continents.

Famous French Airwoman Crashes

Mlle. Hilsz, the well-known French airwoman, escaped with light injuries at !stress near Marseilles, when her machine crashed into a lake and sank during an attempt upon the speed record. She was saved by her parachute and also fell into the lake, whence she was rescued by a fisherman. She estimates her speed at the time of the crash to have been in the neighbourhood of 280 miles per hour.

League and Sanjak Dispute

The League Council has unanimously adopted Mr. Sandler's report in accordance with which League observers are to go at once to the Syrian district of the Sanjak to report on and inform the League of the facts of the position, the mission to terminate at the end of January. Meanwhile the French and Turkish Governments have agreed to postpone the examination of the question until the Council session of January, and will continue friendly conversations with a view to a settlement of the dispute. (Sanjak is a part of Syria which includes Antioch and Alexandretta and is claimed by Turkey, which objects to Syrian rule and the withdrawal of the French mandate over Syria, to contain a majority of Turks. The Syrians refute this claim.)

Spanish Civil War

The siege of Madrid still continues amid appalling weather conditions and thick fog. Little progress is recorded anywhere, but there have been occasional airraids and engagements at Madrid, and the insurgent position at Oviedo is said to be in jeopardy. General Franco announces that the harbours of Barcelona, Valencia, Alicante, Almeria, Malaga, Cartagena, Tarragona, Bilbao and Santander have all been mined and foreign shipping has been duly notified.

Following the recent all-party deputation of British M.P.s to Madrid, a deputation of Conservative M.P.s has visited the insurgents' lines and the main centres in insurgent territory. They pay a tribute to the normal conditions obtaining there.

A Christmas truce is thought to be likely and might be used to further mediation, which would be facilitated by the Basques. Meanwhile, the Catalan Government crisis has been settled by the resignation of the Trotskyite-Communist representative in the Government.




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