ALAN McELWAIN REPORTING
P. HE new Scots College -11will he opened on November 16, and "Pope Paul has promised to he there", the Rector, Mgr. Philip Flanagan, tells me.
The college, for the training of young Scottish students fur the priesthood. has been built on a magnificent site of more than four acres, on the historic Via Cassia, five miles from the centre of Rome. The area, which is surrounded by beautiful old villas. gardens and pine woods, allows for a spacious sports field. this was a badly missed amenity at the old college on the noisy Via Quattro Fontanc, in the chaotic city proper. The new establishment will take 45 students — about the same number as before.
Bishops at opening
THE OPENING date has been set to coincide with the presence in Rome for the Feumenical Council of the Scottish Bishops. Who is expected to attend the ceremony'? 1 understand that Archbishop Scanlan of Glasgow will lecture. It was his predecessor. Archbishop Campbell. who helped lay the foundation stone two years ago. And. of course, the ceremony would not be complete without the presence of that must outstanding "old boy". Mgr. William Clapperton, RectOr Emeritus of the College. Ile was Rector for 36 years from 1922 to 1958, when he retired — and before that he had been student and ViceRector.
He arrived in Rome in 1907 and, happily for all who know him is still here as a Canon of St. John Lateran Basilica, to which, on his retirement from Scots. he was appointed by Pope John.
Doubtless there will also be at the opening Scottish-born Cardinal Theodore Heard, who was present at the laying of the foundation stone, and Mgr. Gerard Rogers, formerly VicarGeneral of Motherwell and now a judge of the Holy Roman Rota. He lived at the old college up till the time it closed.
Mgr. McEwan's pamphlet
wHil.s.r on the subject of the College, I hear. lay the way, . that the Scots College's ViceRector, Mgr. Hugh McEwan has written for the Scottish Catholic Truth Society a pamphlet on the Ecumenical Council called "Second Session". II is due out any lime now, Mgr. iVicEwan is at present on holiday in Glasgow.
Mixture as before
AFTER BEING for three weeks without a Government, Italy has now got the mixture as before. Last weekend, Premier Aldo Moro was able to tell President Antonio Segni that he would form another centreleft coalition, again comprising his own Christian Democrats, Pietro Nenni Socialists, Social Democrats and Republicans.
The previous seven-monthold Centre-Left Government fell on June 26 following defeat in the Chamber of Deputies on the relatively minor issue of increased State aid to Catholic schools. which the Socialists opposed. President Segni then commissioned Signor Moro to try again.
While Signor Moro was negotiating with his old partners. some Italians waxed extremely cynical at the spectacle of a Government that did not work before being asked to kiss and make up and have another shot at harmonious relations in the Now. however, there is a feeling that the recent collapse may have had a chastening influence all round and that it could result in the Centre-Left formula being given a real chance to work.
Certainly, Signor Moro has much good will throughout the country. He is honest. sincere. patient and experienced, and he deserves a proper go.
Second Republic urged
AMONG THOSE. HOW. EVER. who do not think so is an independent member of Parliament. Signor Randolfo Pacciardi. a prominent antiFascist who fought in the Spanish Civil War. He feels so strongly on the present Italian political situation that he wants the Italian Republic. founded in 1946, abolished and replaced by a Second Republic.
To this end. Signor Pacciardi has founded his own Movement for the Second Republic. Under this, among other things, the Italian President would he elected by popular referendum, as in America and General de Gaulle's France. instead of being chosen. as at present, nominal head of State by Parliament.
"This is the first case in history where a bankrupt Government has been handed over again to the people who made it bankrupt." Signor Pacciardi growled when President Segni told Signor Moro to have another shot. He also predicted dreadful things if the Moro Centre-Left got on to its feet again.
ALTHOUGH THE recent crisis lasted only three weeks, Italy's predicament actually began in December, 1962. when the Socialists. then supporting Premier Amintore Fanfani's Government, but having no place in its cabinet, as they do under President Morn, withdrew their support.
Signor Fanfani limped along until the April, 1963, General Eleteion. From this he emerged with a greatly reduced Christian Democrat vote. while a jubilant Communist party gained a cool million.
Exit Signor Fanfani. enter Signor Moro. He tried then to form a Cabinet, but failed. There ensued a "caretaker" Cabinet led by Signor Giovanni Leone, Finally. Signor Moro stepped in again,, revived the Fanfani CentreLeft experiment and managed to keep it afloat for the seven uneasy months ended on June 26.
Signor Nicola Adelfi. one of Italy's best known political writers claimed as a "minor Italian Miracle" Italy's ability to "go patiently about its business" without leadership.
"What would happen in Russia if for two years the Government were prevented from coverning?" he asked in Turin's La Stampa., "And what would happen in Spain -or even in England?"
In the last few days. Italian archaeologists have reported the findings of some ancient Etruscan and Carthaginian texts that have many similarities and may help them solve the mystery of the until now baffling Etruscan language.
Students of today's Italian scene are inclined to regard the discovery of the clue to the Etruscan language as relatively simple compared to the finding of the clue for giving Italy solid post-war political stability.
A PRINTERS' STRIKE deprived us of all but a few newspaper's for several days. Things were especially tough for Rome's only Englishlanguage newspaper, the Daily American. It found itself off the streets on the day its predominantly American readers were awaiting its announcement of the Republican Party's nomination for the Pres,idency.
However, under a headline "We're Sorry". the Daily American did its novel best in its last pre-strike issue. Chivalrously ignoring competition in the interests of service, it devoted its editorial column to listing the names and times of European radio and television programmes on which the American news would be available.