in War by E. J. KING THE garden is usually fully planted up at this season, and we too readily think there's little else we can doi in Preparation for On, autumn and winter. A moment's re tiection will remind us that in late June and early July the first early potatoes are already being taken up as required in the more forward districts, that shal!tees and broad beans and early peas will all be moved away before very long. Thus a very great deal of space is often opened up which isn't always put to its best advantage. Even if you haven't actually got any vacant space now, you know that your shallots and peas are soon to be lifted. You can do much worse than plant seedling cabbages of the Christmas Dannhead, type about eighteen inches Or two feet apart_ especially if you are able to set then] out after a severe shower and Wm.-another downpour Cabbages of this sort are magnificent headers with hardly any waste that stand long in early wintet. Those who have done this and still can find space for interplanting between .crops .stiil growing and shortly to be removed can think seriously about sowing runner bean seeds. Market growers on intensive-system lines often sow runner beans between every other row of first early potatoes. and they don't get in the way when the potatoes are lifted later. The beans yield at a most welcome time. after the earlier sowings have finished.
Moreover, it is a grave mistake to suppose that in July and August it is too late to do much planting other than geenstuffs. Those who raise celery trom seed themselves, and leek enthus.asts, will know that July and August plantings of these excellent and hardy vegetables give first-class results. If you have seedlings of your own, feed and water them well until you have room for planting out. You can plant them after any crop, provided there is plenty of food in the soil for them. If you manure well now. you can plant cauliflowers, roots, or peas on the same ground next spring when the celery or leeks heve finished REMEMBER THIS
But even if we remember all about These vegetables which we usually transplant, we are inclined to forget the vast number of vegetable varieties which do well from July and August sowingsand actually yield well the same year. Even savoys, carrots, swedesnay, eve French beans and beet and several other half-hardy things-will yield well if sown now on good soil. There are only two conditions: they must be started off well with enough water, and must be sown in situ and net transplanted (not even the cabbage tribe). Thinning, rat course, must be complete and early.
Carrots, beet and the smaller swedes respond remarkably well to this treatment, and the young roots thus raised stand a long time in late autumn (if
required) without being lifted. Kohl rabi is another excellent choice for July and August sowing.