Mr. Obote's United People's Congress, predominantly backed by Protestants, won last month's general election with the aid of the Kabaka Yekka movement, which is anti-Catholic.
Mr. Benedict Kiwanuka's Democratic Party, predominantly supported by Catholics, though also by some Protestants. was defeated. Mr. Kiwanuka was formerly Premier.
Throughout the previous year, kill anti-Catholic campaign had built up. A prelate was detained. Acts of vandalism were committed against Catholic churches and schools.
After the 1962 elections for the local Buganda part iament (Lukiko), when UPC and Kahaka Yekka won 65 out of 68 seats despite a Catholic proportion of 49 per cent among the voters, there were charges of fraudulent counting of ballots and intimidation of Democratic Party supporters.