in War by E. J. KING, M.A., F.R.H.S.
MANY troublesome pests can be
avoided by timely action just now. I will first refer to some affecting fruit trees. It is very easy to forestall much loss of leaf and fruit by fastening round the trunks of trees a greaseband such as can be bought readymade at most hardware shops. If a greaseband is securely fastened by string along its upper and lower edges,
no female winter moths can get underneath it: arid those that try to pass the sticky upper surface get caught. Remember, you have to fix the hand high enough to guard against moths which might crawl up grass stems or stakes as well as up the main stem; and if you have a tall stake, put a band round that as well. The females, which are wingless and have to depend upon walking to get up the tree to lay their eggs (which they may do any time from catty October onwards) are thus effectively barred without any further trouble to yourself.
Look out for the Woolly Aphis or American Blight. This well known in. sect, with its colonies covered with grey fluff. is still to be found above ground. It usually hides in crevices or indentations of the back. Small colonies can he effectively destroyed by dabbing them with Paterson's Clensel on a small paint brush. As the cold weather appioaches. colonies are built up underground on the roots. Destroy as many as possible now above ground if you are unlucky enough to be infested, and then use a good soil fumigant later in winter.
I have never. known a worse year for outdoor tomatoes. Many of thcm in some distric(s have hardly borne any fruit, even though the district has previously proved quite congenial to them. Even in districts usually outstandingly good for them, there is much rotting and mildewing of fruits. All of these should, of course, be burned at once, without allowing contact with soil or manure heaps.
Potato haulm should be carefully watched. Where it is yellowing and indicating a stopping of growth, the haulm can be taken off and burned. The tubers of maincrops can be left a little while. but the tops should never be left to decay. especially near the tubers still in the ground.
WHICH SHALL I HARVEST?
Tomatoes growing yellow should certainly be picked. It brings on the others surprisingly quickly. In fact, whole bunches tran be picked and hung in the kitchen or placed in a drawer cu any warm place. The fruits don't shrivel if the stalk is attached. If we should have a frost or cold snap. some growing fruits will split round the collar. These should be used first, for they don't keep nearly as well as sound ones.
Maiming carrots still outside won't grow much more. If you want their spIce you cart lift them, though they can stand out longer. Young carrots from late sowings can certainly be left out, So can parsnips, no matter when you sowed them. Parsnips seem to grow on and cin, and are not at their best till after frost.
The same applies to savoys and Brussels sprouts, which should not be eaten. even if
they seem ready. Scorzonera and saltily, where sown, can be eaten now although there is no need to store them yet.
JUST A WORD • A short reminder of the need for cutting out from brambles, loganberries and raspberries the shoots which have borne fruit this year will not conic amiss By removing and burning these much disease is prevented, and strong shoots for newt year are encouraged. If you have too many of these, reserve some for starting a new bed at the end of next month. Strawberry beds should be gone Over. and all runners cleared away. Good ones from good plants can be planted out now.
To make sure of a " greens " supply in the depth of winter the quick-growing coteworts and the cabbage known as " Christmas Drumhead " can etill be planted. And, it' you can get them. young leeks can stilt at the eleventh hour be planted: They will grow slowly through the winter, but will be very acceptable next spring
A breeding doe is a very good adjunct to the garden. A rabbit soon due to litter can be purchased quite cheaply now in some parts. and if she herself is only about nine months old (or less) she will almost certainly rear them. In any case, an unmated doe or two can be purchased now and fed for next to nothing until January or February on garden and household scraps. Then they can be mated with full assurance of a good litter. One word of caution is necessary : buy only from healthy stocks, and don't buy them too old.