Page 3, 27th December 1940

27th December 1940
Page 3
Page 3, 27th December 1940 — "Towards a Christian Social Order": Point IV

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Organisations: Bank of England
Locations: London


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"Towards a Christian Social Order": Point IV


all and will prevent any to the harm of another.

IN the dictionary Industry is described as " habitual employment in useful work." In turn Work is defined as " to engage or be engaged in bodily or rental effort." It can therefore he deduced that Industry is " the habitual employment in useful bodily or mental effort."

For the purpose of my argument it is essential that this should he understood because people habitually think that " Industry " is confined to those who work in factories, mines or shipyards. Nothing of the sort is in fact the case: anyone who by his or her effort contributes to the common good, be he or she factory worker domestic servant, lorrydriver or crossing sweeper, is in Industry and the only people who ale not arc those comparatively fen who batten on the industrious worker and, like parasites, seek from him the result of his effort, which ought rightly to be his own reward. Generally speaking, these parasites can be grouped under two heads—moneylenders and landlords—but each of them needs a separate article to explain how they prey on the people and are the root economic cause of social injustice and international vsarS.

The point i wish to impress on your reader is that anyone who does an honest day's useful work in any capacity is in Industry, and that everyone can be skilled in his job, be he crossing sweeper or engineer, and so contribute the maximum to the common good.

We need to examine just why in all our great centres of population—or indeed in agricultural districts for that matter — the worker lives in poverty and slums and is rarely secure in his occupation, whereas the people who, compared with what they have, contribute little to the common good, live in palaces and idle security.

What Would Mars Think ?

Imagine yourself uesceriding on this earth as a visitor from Mars, where you've been told that on earth men work to produce all the good things they desire, and on asking to be driven to the places where these marvellous men live, you arrive at the Mile End Road! You would not be impressed after all you bad been told of the wonders of the fruits of the earth. No doubt your guide on hearing your complaint would urge patience and hurry you back again via that monumental casino, the Bank of England, to Park Lane and the West End of London, and you would probably throw a fit when you discovered that the people who do least useful work live in those luxurious surroundings.

It is perfectly true that inuustry should function in such a way as to secure the best results for all engaged in it directly or indirectly. Let us examine why it does not.

The problem confronting the working man, be he factory hand or clerk, only differs in degree from that of the employer. Whereas the one undcr the present system is its perpetual fear of losing his job, the other spends his life in a desperate struggle to keep his works full. It does not seem to have occurred to either that economic security, free of the artificially-manipulated boom-slump system, is really possible.

To-day there exists greater power of producing wealth than ever before and yet both worker and employer, who themselves constitute the consumer, have to work and struggle with not less but greater intensity. Man, being an insatiable animal, there never should be a lack of demand (slump); one man whilst capable of meeting his own needs is quite incapable of meeting his desires—there is always a big gap between the two. This gap or out-of-balance multiplies as population increases—a million men are out of balance to the tune of a million times one man and the whole world two thousand million times as much. There ought therefore in a properly organised society to be an ever-growing demand for the things men need and want and slumps should never appear.

More People than Jobs

Another thought. Under existing arrangements there are always more people than jobs.

Even In war-time with 75 per cent. of the population engaged on the useless and wasteful pursuit of war we have 7.50,000 able-bodied people out r.f work! There is something radically wrong that this should be so. Why is it that there Is lots of money available for war purposes and for the making of machines which are only useful for blowing other people to pieces yet the moment anyone suggests that the skilled unemployed should be put to producing real wealth, which we all want, there is no money available? The mumbo-jumbo economists advising the Government and some of the Treasury officials should be tried in the courts on a charge of treason for this stupidity 1 It is true that conditions for the workers

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