Continued from page 1
SOVIET DISAPPOINTS POLISH WORKERS
Reviewing Om general cultural condition of the Poles under Soviet rule the pamphlet refers again to the disappointment of the working-classes:
In a short time people come to see that although under the Soviets the working classes are declared to occupy a privileged position, their privileges in reality are limited to forming delegations to various unions and councils, where they are called upon noisily to approve the decisions of the governing group and to give them wide publicity as truly revolutionary measures. Labour meetings have no other choice than to express opinions in strict keeping with the course steered by those in power, and to carry motions for raising the output of work for the benefit of " socialist construction." Any attempt at true independence of judgment and genuine criticism is soon stifled.
In reality, therefore, the ordinary workman is less important than in any country governed by the " middle classes," The peasant is even worse off and is given every opportunity to feel it in occupied Poland. There is no question of any peasant self-government. The collective farms are mode to work for the delivery of assigned quotas, and the country committees take orders from the bureaucrats without having the slightest chance of discussing theta beforehand.
As for education: There is no education under the Soviets which is not reduced to propaganda.
SPECIAL ATHEISM FOR NURSERIES
Finally the treatment of religion is summarised as follows:
Atheism is of great importance in the
Bolshevik system of education. Even children in nurseries are subjected to special training in this branch of wisdom. Everything that we heard about the U.S.S.R. in this respect has been verified in Poland. Even the crude experiment of a prayer to God remaining vain and the invocation of Stalin ending in the distribution of rolls to hungry children, has been applied.
But practices no less despicable and even more loathsome are in use. A sort of maniacal stress is laid on the deliberate dissolution of morals. Soviet officers have been called upon to make disclosures concerning sexual life in classrooms attended by little girls, and to explain that chastity was a prejudice of the decayed bourgeoi.sie.
The helpless indignation of parents forced to put up with these shameless inroads on everything they hold sacred can be imagined. Their helplessness and misery are callously discounted by those in power. Many a starving mother has consented to send her child to a Bolshevik boarding school simply to save it from starvation. Children without parents are of course subjected to Communist education. Religious orders concerning themselves with the care of destitute children have been evicted and replaced by Bolshevik educationists, trained in all the devices of propaganda.
HOW RELIGION IS HAMPERED
It is in keeping with this that every effort is made to undermine all feelings of respect and trust of children towards their parents. Religious practices are not directly forbidden, but are hindered and hampered by every possible means. Sunday mornings or Feast Days are picked out for meetings, demonstrations or additional occupation in the schools. The same method of unrelenting, though somewhat disguised, destruction is put into practice against the religious communities throughout the country. Their property is not confiscated, but burdened with enormous taxes and seized under the pretext of their being in arrears. In this way the important educational establishment for poor boys directed by the Salesians in Bialystok was suppressed, as was the convent of the Capuchines in Lwow and the wellknown Jesuit college in Chrydw.
The Soviet Atheist League was also let loose on the country and its president Jaroslawski recently boasted of having had 4,000 Polish priests sent to Siberia