A PPOINTMENTS the Holy Father made last week to the Papal 'Secretariate of State indicate that when His Holiness recently promoted Mgr. Tardini and Mgr. Montini he was in effect appointing two Secretaries of State of equal rank
The office of Papal Secretary of State—which His Holiness himself occupied for some years—had been vacant since the death of Cardinal Maglione in 1944.
For centuries there has been but one Papal Secretary and he has always been a Cardinal.
The Pope announced at the recent Consistory that he intended to make Mgr. Tardini and Mgr. Montini Cardinals. Both asked to be allowed to decline the honour and the Hole Father then conferred upon them what he described as a "higher rank of honour" and made them ProSecretaries of State.
Now His Holiness has appointed an Archbishop, Mgr. Antonio Samere, Papal Nuncio to Colombia, to succeed Mgr. Tardini as Secretary of the Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, and Mgr. Carlo Grano, Chief of Protocol in the Secretariate, to succeed Mgr. Montini as Under-Secretary of State.
Another Under-Secretary h a s been appointed in the person of Mgr. Angelo Dell'Acqua, until now Assistant Under-Secretary of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.
Archbishop Sarnere is 47 and Mgr. Dell'Acqua is 49. The Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs deals with the erection of dioceses and other matters when, in consegetience of Concordats or other agreements, these involve dealings with Governments.